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Tri-state area is an informal term in the United States which can be used for any of several populated areas associated with a particular town or metropolis that, with adjacent suburbs, lies across three states. Some of these involve a state boundary tripoint. Other tri-state areas have a more diffuse population that shares a connected economy and geography—especially with respect to geology, botany, or climate. The term "tri-state area" is often present in radio and television commercials.
- The general New York City area, which often, but incorrectly, refers to portions of the states of New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut. However, the strictest definition of the New York metropolitan area, according to the United States Census Bureau, only includes the states of New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania.
- The Philadelphia metropolitan area, which covers parts of the states of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware while also including a portion of Maryland's eastern shore.
- The Cincinnati metropolitan area, including Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana.
- The Greater Boston metropolitan area, which covers parts of the states of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and New Hampshire.
- The Providence metropolitan area covers nearly all of Rhode Island and Bristol County, Massachusetts; though Connecticut is not included in any official definitions of the metropolitan area, three of Rhode Island's five counties border Connecticut.
- The Pittsburgh tri-state area, covering parts of Pennsylvania, Ohio, and West Virginia.
- The Erie, Pennsylvania, tri-state area includes portions of New York and Ohio.
- The Minisink Valley tri-state region, which covers Orange County, New York; Sussex County, New Jersey; and Pike County, Pennsylvania.
- The Chicago tri-state area, or Chicagoland, includes northeast Illinois, Northwest Indiana, and southeast Wisconsin. Parts of southwest Michigan in the Michiana region are also culturally tied to Chicago. The Tri-State Tollway connects Illinois' portion of Chicagoland with Northwest Indiana and southeast Wisconsin.
- The Greater Memphis area or Mid-South, includes West Tennessee, Northwest Mississippi, and the Arkansas delta.
- The Dubuque, Iowa tri-state area spills over into Illinois and Wisconsin.
- The La Crosse, Wisconsin, tri-state area includes La Crosse and Onalaska in Wisconsin; La Crescent, Hokah, and Brownsville in Minnesota; and New Albin and Lansing in Iowa.
- The Chattanooga, Tennessee, tri-state area includes portions of Alabama and Georgia.
- The area that includes Washington, D.C. and the nearby parts of Maryland and Virginia is sometimes loosely referred to as a "tri-state area," although the District of Columbia is not a state. However, with the presence of Jefferson County, West Virginia, in the official Washington–Arlington–Alexandria metropolitan statistical area, the region, as defined by the US Government, does in fact include three states. This area is colloquially referred to as "the DMV" (DC, Maryland, Virginia).
- The "Joplin District", a lead and zinc mining region of Oklahoma, Kansas, and Missouri, produces mineral specimens known as "tri-state" minerals, typically consisting mainly of sphalerite.
- The Wiregrass Region includes Southeast Alabama, Southern Georgia, and the Florida Panhandle.
- The Sioux City metropolitan area region of Iowa, Nebraska, and South Dakota.
- Northwest Litchfield County, Connecticut, southern Berkshire County, Massachusetts, and eastern Dutchess County, New York are referred to as a tri-state area or sometimes the "tri-corners".
- The Keokuk, Iowa, tri-state area includes parts of Missouri and Illinois.
- The Illinois–Indiana–Kentucky tri-state area includes Evansville, Indiana, and adjacent parts of Illinois and Kentucky.
- The Huntington–Ashland metropolitan area incorporates towns in ten counties in Kentucky, Ohio, and West Virginia. This area is sometimes referred to as “Kyova”, a portmanteau of the state abbreviations.
- The Ark-La-Tex is a socio-economic tri-state region that includes thirty-nine counties/parishes in Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas.
- The Delmarva area, which includes Delaware and the eastern shores of Maryland and Virginia.
The Quincy, Evansville, and Huntington–Ashland areas are noteworthy for the states included all being separated by rivers.
Of the 62 points in the United States where three and only three states meet (each of which may be associated with its own tri-state area), 35 are on dry land and 27 are in water. Of the 27 points on water, 3 of them are in the Great Lakes, and thus have no land nearby.
CO–KS–OK tripoint marker (8 Mile Corner)
|State 1||State 2||State 3||Coordinates||Notes|
|Alabama||Florida||Georgia||Marker on Chattahoochee riverbank is actually a few feet above and west of true tripoint at high-water line.|
|Alabama||Georgia||Tennessee||Tri-State Corner. Marker on dry land at surface level and unmarked on lake in cavern directly below. Stolen in 2009 and returned two years later.|
|Arizona||Nevada||Utah||Marked with a red sandstone monument.|
|Arkansas||Louisiana||Mississippi||Probably unmarked on silt island in river sometimes connected to west bank by mud flat accreted by riprap.|
|Arkansas||Louisiana||Texas||See Ark-La-Tex. Marker in process of being surrounded and absorbed by tree.|
|Arkansas||Missouri||Oklahoma||Marked with a stone monument.|
|Arkansas||Oklahoma||Texas||Unmarked on seasonal silt island or in river bed, but Oklahoma–Texas state line as revised in 2000 is defective in not extending from vegetation line on south bank to pre-established tripoint.|
|California||Nevada||Oregon||Marked with a cairn.|
|Colorado||Kansas||Nebraska||Marked with a brass disc.|
|Colorado||Kansas||Oklahoma||8 Mile Corner. Marker is concealed in crypt beneath removable manhole cover.|
|Colorado||Nebraska||Wyoming||Marked with a stone surrounded by a three-stone colored base.|
|Colorado||New Mexico||Oklahoma||Preston Monument|
|Connecticut||Massachusetts||New York||See Brace Mountain or Mount Frissell. Marked with a stone inscribed with MASS-1898-NY and sometimes a "scratched-on" CONN.|
|Connecticut||Massachusetts||Rhode Island||See Thompson, Connecticut. Marked with a stone inscribed with MASS-CONN-RI.|
|Delaware||Maryland||Pennsylvania||See Delaware Wedge. Marked with a stone inscribed with M-M-P-P, as this was not the original intended tri-point.|
|Idaho||Montana||Wyoming||Located within Yellowstone National Park. Marked, although difficult to access.|
|Idaho||Nevada||Oregon||Marked with a three-sided stone inscribed with N-I-O on the respective faces.|
|Idaho||Nevada||Utah||Marked with a granite monument inscribed with the respective states' names.|
|Idaho||Utah||Wyoming||Marked with a stone.|
|Indiana||Michigan||Ohio||Brass marker with the shapes of the three states is located in a monument box beneath the surface of a rural road. Was set in 1999 and is referenced by a granite marker 20 feet to the east on the Michigan-Ohio line.|
|Iowa||Minnesota||South Dakota||True point is marked with a disc in the center of a T-shaped road intersection. A witness monument nearby in the South Dakota corner acknowledges the tri-point being set in 1859.|
|Kansas||Missouri||Oklahoma||Marked with a plaque on a seldom used dead-end road.|
|Kentucky||Tennessee||Virginia||Tri-State Peak Located within Cumberland Gap National Historical Park. Marked.|
|Kentucky||Virginia||West Virginia||Marked with a USCG marker on top of a two-foot high iron pipe at the river's high point.|
|Maryland||Pennsylvania||West Virginia||Marked with a pyramid-like stone.|
|Massachusetts||New Hampshire||Vermont||Marker is technically on dry land, but buried within river bed due to a dam's construction downstream.|
|Massachusetts||New York||Vermont||Marked with a stone.|
|Montana||North Dakota||South Dakota||Marked with a red granite stone.|
|Montana||South Dakota||Wyoming||Marked with a stone within a fence.|
|Nebraska||South Dakota||Wyoming||Marked with a stone within a fence.|
|New Jersey||New York||Pennsylvania||Marked by the Tri-States Monument in Port Jervis, New York, at the confluence of the Delaware and Neversink rivers.|
|New Mexico||Oklahoma||Texas||Texhomex Marker|
|North Carolina||Tennessee||Virginia||North Carolina–Tennessee–Virginia Corners - Marked.|
Regions with no tripoint
The following tri-state areas are also notable, but have no tripoint:
- Four Corners
- Four State Area
- Twin cities (geographical proximity), which includes tri-city
- Quad cities
- Three-Country Cairn
- "New York: 2020 Core Based Statistical Areas and Counties" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 5, 2022.
- "Tri State Corners in the United States" (PDF). Jack Parsell.
- Wheatley, Thomas. "Camak Stone, border marker between Tennessee and Georgia, is missing". Creativeloafing.com. Retrieved May 7, 2017.
- Vardeman, Johnny. "Stolen stone returns home minus fanfare". Gainesville Times. Retrieved May 7, 2017.
- "Arizona–Nevada–Utah" (PDF). Bjbsoftware.com. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
- "Arkansas–Missouri–Oklahoma" (PDF). Bjbsoftware.com. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
- "Oregon–California–Nevada" (PDF). Bjbsoftware.com. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
- "Colorado–Nebraska–Kansas" (PDF). Bjbsoftware.com. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
- "Colorado–Nebraska–Wyoming" (PDF). Bjbsoftware.com. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
- "Colorado–Utah–Wyoming" (PDF). Bjbsoftware.com. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
- "Connecticut–Massachusetts–New York". Bjbsoftware.com. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
- "Connecticut–Massachusetts–Rhode Island". Bjbsoftware.com. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
- "Delaware–Maryland–Pennsylvania". Bjbsoftware.com. Archived from the original on March 19, 2002. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
- "Georgia–North Carolina–Tennessee" (PDF). Bjbsoftware.com. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
- "Idaho–Montana–Wyoming" (PDF). Bjbsoftware.com. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
- "Idaho–Nevada–Oregon" (PDF). Bjbsoftware.com. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
- "Idaho–Nevada–Utah" (PDF). Bjbsoftware.com. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
- "Idaho–Utah–Wyoming" (PDF). Bjbsoftware.com. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
- "Jack Parsell's description of the IN-MI-OH tripoint" (PDF). Bjbsoftware.com. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
- "Geocaching – The Official Global GPS Cache Hunt Site". Geocaching.com. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
- "Photo by Gregg A. Butler of the IA-MN-SD tripoint and its witness post" (JPG). Bjbsoftware.com. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
- "Kansas–Missouri–Oklahoma". Bjbsoftware.com. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
- "KY-TN-VA Tri-State Peak at Cumberland Gap National Historical Park". Nps.gov. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
- "Kentucky–Virginia–West Virginia" (PDF). Bjbsoftware.com. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
- "Maryland–Pennsylvania–West Virginia" (PDF). Bjbsoftware.com. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
- Eric Jones. New Hampshire Curiosities. Globe Pequot, 2006. p. 114-5
- "Massachusetts–New York–Vermont". Bjbsoftware.com. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
- "Montana–North Dakota–South Dakota" (PDF). Bjbsoftware.com. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
- "Montana–South Dakota–Wyoming" (PDF). Bjbsoftware.com. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
- "Nebraska–South Dakota–Wyoming" (PDF). Bjbsoftware.com. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
- "New York–Pennsylvania–New Jersey Tristate" (PDF). Bjbsoftware.com. Retrieved January 14, 2019.
- Graff, Bill (Summer 2006). "Sentinels at the Northern Border" (PDF). Unearthing New Jersey. New Jersey Geological Survey. 2 (2): 1–3.
Tri-States Monument ... this small granite slab serves as both the northern end of our boundary with Pennsylvania and the northwestern end with New York.
- "North Carolina–Tennessee–Virginia" (PDF). Bjbsoftware.com. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
- "Iowa–Minnesota–Wisconsin". Bjbsoftware.com. Retrieved August 27, 2018.