|Incorporated||November 13, 1819|
|• Total||2.82 sq mi (7.31 km2)|
|• Land||2.80 sq mi (7.26 km2)|
|• Water||0.02 sq mi (0.06 km2)|
|Elevation||623 ft (190 m)|
|• Density||1,031.7/sq mi (398.34/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0157170|
Triana (//) is a town in Madison County, Alabama, United States, and is included in the Huntsville-Decatur Combined Statistical Area. As of the 2020 census, the population of the town was 2,890, up from 496 at the 2010 census.
Triana was originally incorporated on November 13, 1819, as the second town in Madison County. It purportedly was named after Rodrigo de Triana, the crewman who first sighted land while sailing with Christopher Columbus on their first voyage to the Americas. For a time in the 19th century, it was a thriving riverport on the Tennessee River prior to the construction of the railroads. Its incorporation later lapsed and it was reincorporated on July 13, 1964, with the help of Clyde Foster, who later became Triana's mayor. Until the 2020 census, it was the only incorporated community in Madison County with a majority black population.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.82 square miles (7.31 km2), of which 2.80 square miles (7.26 km2) are land and 0.02 square miles (0.06 km2), or 0.80%, are water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
|Black or African American (non-Hispanic)||1,207||41.76%|
|Hispanic or Latino||229||7.92%|
As of the 2020 United States census, there were 2,890 people, 384 households, and 238 families residing in the town.
As of the census of 2000, there were 458 people, 162 households, and 116 families residing in the town. The population density was 360.4 people per square mile (139.2/km2). There were 176 housing units at an average density of 138.5 per square mile (53.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 11.35% White, 86.46% Black or African American, 1.09% Native American, 0.44% Asian, and 0.66% from two or more races. 0.22% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 162 households, out of which 38.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.2% were married couples living together, 34.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.8% were non-families. 26.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.44.
In the town, the population was spread out, with 33.0% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, and 8.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.5 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $26,250, and the median income for a family was $30,750. Males had a median income of $26,875 versus $16,538 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,012. About 27.3% of families and 27.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 44.6% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.
In 1977, the EPA issued warnings that fish and waterfowl from the Huntsville Spring Branch had shown high levels of Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) in their bodies. Two years later, the EPA began to investigate how the pollutant had contaminated the water supply of the area. The findings indicated that the pollutant came from the Olin Corporation's production of the chemical on Redstone Arsenal. Lawsuits were filed against Olin Corporation by residents of Triana, as well as the United States Department of Justice. These lawsuits were eventually settled.
The water near Triana was monitored by the EPA from 1982–1995 to track the levels of DDT that was still in the Huntsville Spring Branch. During that time, the amount of DDT in the water was reduced by 97%. The EPA now considers the physical cleanup process for the site to be complete. Despite this, it is still on the Agency's Superfund list.
- A Digest of the Laws of the State of Alabama: Containing The Statutes and Resolutions in Force at the end of the General Assembly in January, 1823. Published by Ginn & Curtis, J. & J. Harper, Printers, New-York, 1828. Title 62. Chapter XXXII. Page 810."An Act to Establish the Town of Triana, and to Incorporate its Trustees.—Passed November 13, 1819." (Google Books)
- "2021 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 1, 2022.
- "Triana town, Alabama: 2020 DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 1, 2022.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Triana town, Alabama". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved February 1, 2013.
- "Clippings from Triana Municipal Files: Welcome to Town of Triana, "The City of Wonders"" (PDF). The Historic Huntsville Quarterly: 124–28. 1997. Retrieved July 8, 2019.
- Mohon, Lee (February 15, 2018). "Clyde Foster". NASA. Retrieved July 8, 2019.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 3, 2014.
- "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2021-12-17.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Rebitzke, Jeffery. "Triana Justice Page". Environmental Justice Case Studies. Retrieved 6 January 2012.
- "NPL Site Narrative for Triana/Tennessee River". National Priorities List. Retrieved 6 January 2012.
- "Superfund Site Progress Profile". Superfund Information Systems. Retrieved 6 January 2012.