List of Triangulum's suspected satellite galaxies

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Triangulum Galaxy.

The Triangulum subgroup is made up of the Triangulum Galaxy (M33) and its satellites. Although the Triangulum Galaxy does not have any proven satellite galaxies, a number of galaxies are suspected of being in the system.

Andromeda XXII[edit]

Andromeda XXII is located much closer in projection to M33 than M31 (42 kiloparsecs (140 kly) vs. 224 kiloparsecs (730 kly)). This fact suggests that it might be the first Triangulum (M33) satellite ever discovered. However, it is currently catalogued as a satellite of Andromeda (M31).[1]

Pisces Dwarf[edit]

Pisces Dwarf is an irregular dwarf galaxy that is part of the Local Group. The galaxy is also suspected of being a satellite galaxy of the Triangulum Galaxy.[2]

Andromeda II[edit]

Andromeda II is a dwarf spheroidal galaxy about 2.22 Mly away in the constellation Andromeda. It is part of the Local group of galaxies and is a satellite galaxy of the Andromeda Galaxy (M31) but it is also situated closely to the Triangulum Galaxy (M33), it is not quite clear if it is a satellite of the one or the other galaxy.


Name Type Distance from Sun
(million ly)
Magnitude Year
Triangulum Galaxy SA(s)cd 2.88 +6.27 1654?
Triangulum I (Andromeda XXII) 2009
Pisces Dwarf dIrr/dSph 2.51 1976
Andromeda II dSph 2.13 +13 1970


  1. ^ Nicolas F. Martin, Alan W. McConnachie, Mike Irwin, Lawrence M. Widrow, Annette M. N. Ferguson, Rodrigo A. Ibata, John Dubinski, Arif Babul, Scott Chapman, Mark Fardal, Geraint F. Lewis, Julio Navarro, R. Michael Rich; "PAndAS' cubs: discovery of two new dwarf galaxies in the surroundings of the Andromeda and Triangulum galaxies"; The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 705, Issue 1, pp. 758-765 (2009); doi:10.1088/0004-637X/705/1/758; Bibcode2009ApJ...705..758M; arXiv:0909.0399;
  2. ^ McConnachie, A. W.; Irwin, M. J.; Ferguson, A. M. N.; Ibata, R. A.; Lewis, G. F.; Tanvir, N. (2005). "Distances and metallicities for 17 Local Group galaxies". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 356 (4): 979–997. arXiv:astro-ph/0410489Freely accessible. Bibcode:2005MNRAS.356..979M. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2004.08514.x.