Triatoma nigromaculata

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Triatoma nigromaculata
Tnigromaculata.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hemiptera
Suborder: Heteroptera
Family: Reduviidae
Subfamily: Triatominae
Genus: Triatoma
Species: T. nigromaculata
Binomial name
Triatoma nigromaculata
Stål, 1859

Triatoma nigromaculata is a sylvatic species of insect usually found in hollow trees, in vertebrate nests on trees and occasionally in human dwellings. It usually lives in relatively humid forests at high altitudes on mountain regions and foot hills (300 to 1700 m above sea level). As all members of the subfamily Triatominae, T. nigromaculata is a blood-sucking bug and a potential vector of Chagas disease.[1] This species is distributed mainly in Venezuela (Aragua, Barinas, Bolívar, Cojedes, Delta Amacuro, Distrito Capital, Lara, Mérida, Monagas,Portuguesa, Sucre and Yaracuy), but some specimens have also been found in Perú and Colombia (Cauca).[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ V. Scorza, José; Solarte, Yezid; Moreno, Elio (1994). "The epidemiological importance of Triatoma nigromaculata (Stal, 1859) colonizing human dwellings of the Venezuelan Andes". Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. 89 (3): 299–299. ISSN 0074-0276. doi:10.1590/S0074-02761994000300002. 
  2. ^ Cuba Cuba, César A; Abad-Franch, Fernando; Roldán Rodríguez, Judith; Vargas Vásquez, Franklin; Pollack Velásquez, Luis; Miles, Michael A (2002). "The Triatomines of Northern Peru, with Emphasis on the Ecology and Infection by Trypanosomes of Rhodnius ecuadoriensis (Triatominae)". Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. 97 (2): 175–183. ISSN 0074-0276. doi:10.1590/S0074-02762002000200005. 
  • Añez N, Crisante1 G, Rojas A, Néstor D, Silverio D, Lizano E, Superlano Y, Aldana E (2006) Domiciliación de Triatoma nigromaculata de la región Montana del sur de Mérida, Venezuela. BOLETÍN DE MALARIOLOGÍA Y SALUD AMBIENTAL Vol. XLV, Nº 1
  • Heger T (2004) Adaptations comportementales et importances des conditions microclimatiques chez deux espèces de Triatominae (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) pour le maintien de leur balances hydriques: Rhodnius prolixus (Stal, 1859) et Triatoma nigromaculata (Stal, 1872). Université de Neuchâtel
  • Reinel Vásquez L, Galvão C, Pinto NA, Granados H (2005) Primer registro de Triatoma nigromaculata (Stål, 1859) (Hemiptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae) para Colombia. Biomédica 25:417-21