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Tribal council

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A tribal council is an association of First Nations bands in Canada, generally along regional, ethnic or linguistic lines.[1]

An Indian band, usually consisting of one main community, is the fundamental unit of government for First Nations in Canada. Bands may unite to form a tribal council, but they need not do so. Bands that do not belong to a tribal council are said to be independent. Bands may and do withdraw from tribal councils. Furthermore, the authority that bands delegate to their tribal council varies, with some tribal councils serving as a strong, central organization while others are granted limited power by their members.

Nunavut and Newfoundland and Labrador do not have any tribal councils.[2]

Tribal councils in Canada[edit]


As of 2019, Alberta has ten tribal councils:[3]

British Columbia[edit]



As of 2021, Manitoba has seven tribal councils:[3][5]

Manitoba Keewatinook Ininew Okimowin (MKO), though not a tribal council, represents citizens of 26 First Nations who are signatories to Treaties 4, 5, 6, and 10.[6]

Northwest Territories[edit]

As of 2019, the Northwest Territories has five tribal councils:[3]

Atlantic Canada[edit]

As of 2019, Atlantic Canada has a collective total of nine tribal councils, with Newfoundland and Labrador having no tribal councils at all.[7]

New Brunswick[edit]

Nova Scotia[edit]

Prince Edward Island[edit]


As of 2019, Ontario has sixteen tribal councils:[3]


As of 2019, Quebec has seven tribal councils (First Nations listed in English):[3]


As of 2019, Saskatchewan has nine tribal councils:[3]


As of 2019, Yukon has two tribal councils:[3]


  1. ^ Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat. "Tribal Councils Location | Open Government Portal". open.canada.ca. Retrieved 2021-08-18.
  2. ^ Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada (2019-04-09). "Search by Tribal Council". fnp-ppn.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca. Retrieved 2021-08-18.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "First Nation Profiles".
  4. ^ Reconciliation, Ministry of Indigenous Relations and. "Skatin Samahquam Negotiations Inc. (formally In-SHUCK-ch Nation) - Province of British Columbia". www2.gov.bc.ca. Retrieved 2021-08-18.
  5. ^ Branch, Government of Canada; Indigenous Services Canada; Communications (2010-03-04). "Manitoba First Nation Tribal Councils". www.sac-isc.gc.ca. Retrieved 2021-08-18.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  6. ^ "About MKO * Manitoba Keewatinowi Okimakanak". Manitoba Keewatinowi Okimakanak. Retrieved 2021-08-19.
  7. ^ "First Nation Profiles".
  8. ^ a b "Aboriginal Organizations in New Brunswick." Government of New Brunswick, 1 October 2020. Retrieved 2021-08-18.
  9. ^ "First Nation Profiles".
  10. ^ "First Nation Profiles".
  11. ^ "About - New Brunswick Aboriginal Peoples Council (NBAPC)". New Brunswick Aboriginal Peoples Council. Retrieved 2021-08-19.
  12. ^ "About Mamaweswen". Mamaweswen. Retrieved 2021-08-19.

External links[edit]