Tribal Council

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A Tribal Council is an association of First Nations bands in Canada, generally along regional, ethnic or linguistic lines.[1]

An Indian band, usually consisting of one main community, is the fundamental unit of government for First Nations in Canada. Bands may unite to form a tribal council, but they need not do so. Bands that do not belong to a tribal council are said to be independent. Bands may and do withdraw from tribal councils. Furthermore, the authority that bands delegate to their tribal council varies, with some tribal councils serving as a strong, central organization while others are granted limited power by their members.

Nunavut and Newfoundland and Labrador do not have any tribal councils.[2]

Tribal Councils in Canada[edit]


As of 2019, Alberta has 10 tribal councils:[3]

See also: Confederacy of Treaty 6 First Nations, Treaty 7 First Nations Chiefs' Association (formerly Treaty 7 Management Corporation),[4][5] and Treaty 8 First Nations of Alberta.[6]

British Columbia[edit]



As of 2019, Manitoba has 8 tribal councils:[3][8]

Manitoba Keewatinook Ininew Okimowin (MKO), though not a tribal council, represents citizens of 26 First Nations who are signatories to Treaties 4, 5, 6, and 10.[9]

Northwest Territories[edit]

As of 2019, the Northwest Territories has 5 tribal councils:[3]

Atlantic Canada[edit]

As of 2019, Atlantic Canada has a collective total of 9 tribal councils, with Newfoundland and Labrador having no tribal councils at all.[10]

New Brunswick[10]

The New Brunswick Aboriginal Peoples Council (NBAPC), though not a tribal council, represents 28,260 status and non-status Aboriginal People in New Brunswick.[14]

Nova Scotia[10]

Prince Edward Island[10]


As of 2019, the Ontario has 16 tribal councils:[3]


As of 2019, the Quebec has 7 tribal councils (First Nations listed in English):[3]

Grand Council of the Crees is not a tribal council in the same sense of the above, but serves a similar purpose. Its powers are not delegated from member communities but are derived from the 1975 James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement and subsequent agreements with Canada and Quebec.


As of 2019, Saskatchewan has 9 tribal councils:[3]


As of 2019, Yukon has 2 tribal councils:[3]


  1. ^ Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat. "Tribal Councils Location | Open Government Portal". Retrieved 2021-08-18.
  2. ^ Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada (2019-04-09). "Search by Tribal Council". Retrieved 2021-08-18.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h
  4. ^ "About Us". T7CA. Retrieved 2021-08-19.
  5. ^ "Treaty 7 | The Canadian Encyclopedia". Retrieved 2021-08-19.
  6. ^ "Home". Retrieved 2021-08-19.
  7. ^ Reconciliation, Ministry of Indigenous Relations and. "Skatin Samahquam Negotiations Inc. (formally In-SHUCK-ch Nation) - Province of British Columbia". Retrieved 2021-08-18.
  8. ^ Branch, Government of Canada; Indigenous Services Canada; Communications (2010-03-04). "Manitoba First Nation Tribal Councils". Retrieved 2021-08-18.
  9. ^ "About MKO * Manitoba Keewatinowi Okimakanak". Manitoba Keewatinowi Okimakanak. Retrieved 2021-08-19.
  10. ^ a b c d
  11. ^ a b "Aboriginal Organizations in New Brunswick." Government of New Brunswick, 1 October 2020. Retrieved 2021-08-18.
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^ "About - New Brunswick Aboriginal Peoples Council (NBAPC)". New Brunswick Aboriginal Peoples Council. Retrieved 2021-08-19.
  15. ^ "About Mamaweswen". Mamaweswen. Retrieved 2021-08-19.

External links[edit]