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|Ghorahi Sub-Metropolitan City
घोराही उप महानगरपालिका
Climatic Capital of Nepal
|Nickname(s): हरित नगर, महको सहर|
|Motto: Clean Green Ghorahi|
|Development Region||Mid Western Development Region|
|HPI||20.8 Very Low|
|Literacy Rate||73% Medium|
|• Executive Officer||Krishna Prasad Sapkota|
|Area of Sub Metropolitan|
| • City
Climatic Capital of Nepal
|134 km2 (52 sq mi)|
|Dang District: 2955sq km
Dang Valley: 1550 sq km
|Elevation||701 m (2,300 ft)|
Male: 70,000 Female: 75,000
|Dang District: 5,48,141
Dang Valley: 3,51,023
|• Local||Nepali, English, Gurung, Magar, Tharu|
|• Official||Nepali, Tharu|
|Time zone||NST (UTC+5:45)|
|Postal Code||22400 (Ghorahi), 22402, 22407, 22415|
|Official website of Ghorahi Submetropolitan City|
Ghorahi Submetropolitan City (formerly Tribhuvannagar) , capital city of the state of Lumbini, Province no 5 in Mid-Western part of Nepal is the largest city of Dang Deukhuri District of Rapti Zone, southwest Nepal. It is one of the largest cities of Mid-Western and Far-Western Nepal. Located in the Inner Terai region, it lies 413 kilometres (257 mi) south-west of Nepal's capital Kathmandu and is one of the "Counter Magnets" being developed as an alternative centre of growth to help ease the migration and population explosion in the Kathmandu metropolitan area.It is the largest city of Rapti Region and is surrounded by the Sivalik in the south and Mahabharat range of Hills in the north.
Ghorahi Submetropolitan is in the Dang Valley on the foothills of the Himalayas nestled between the river Babai on the east , south and on the west which ends being the famous Sarayu and Ganges in India. The city is famous for its picturesque landscape and slightly milder climate and provides a gateway to the surrounding region of Rolpa, Pyuthan, Salyan and Rukum. It is well connected and in proximity to tourist destinations such as Bardiya National Park in west, Surkhet in north-west, Thawang, Kapurkot, Rara Lake and the Hindu holy lands of Swargadwari and along with the Hindu temples as Pandaveshwor and Ambikeshwori.
It hosts training institutions of national importance such as Nepal Sanskrit University, Central Ayurveda College, Rapti Engineering College, Deepjyoti Nursing College, Mahendra Multiple College. The city population has significant contribution of government servants. It is home to national foundations such as the Ghorahi Cements Ghorahi, Sonapur Cement Factory, Dang Cement Industry.
Ghorahi Submetropolitan Office is locally known as Ghorahi Upamahanagarpalika Karyalaya. Other urban entities involved in civic services and city governance and management include Tripur Nagar Bikas Samiti, Rampur Gaubikas Samiti, Lakshmipur Gaubikas Samiti, Saudiyar Gaubikas Samiti, Dharna Gaubikas Samiti and others.
Ghorahi (Dang) is best known for its high quality Honey and Hemp( अल्लो) fabric products.
The municipality was established January 29, 1979 with the amalgamation of Ghorahi VDC and Sewar Bangaun VDC with a combined population of 12,279. It was named Tribhuvannagar Municipality after King Tribhuvan (ruled 1911-1955). After Nepal became a republic in 2008 the name changed back to Ghorahi Municipality.
Ghorahi is 23 kilometers north of the East-west highway via a spur road from Lamahi. Roads connect Ghorahi to Rukum, Rolpa, Pyuthan, Salyan and Surkhet districts. There is also a road to the Swargadwari pilgrimage site. Dang airport (code DNG) is 23 kilometers west of the city.
Population was 55,435 in 2001 and increased to 62,928 in 2011. Migration into the city is considered to be very high.
The literacy rate is 73%. Ghorahi is home to Mahendra Multiple College and Nepal's only Sanskrit university Nepal Sanskrit University lies near Beljhundi. The city is being developed as an educational hub of Mid-Western Nepal.
Recently, Government of Nepal has decided to establish a government medical college.The public though are expecting to reinnovate the existing sub regional hospital to Autonomous Medical Institute i.e. Swasthya Bigyan Pratisthan.
Some of the notable institutions are
- Nepal Sanskrit University
- NSU Ayurvedic Medical College
- Mahendra Multiple College
- Rapti Shikshya Campus
- Padmodaya College (Government run)
- Vidhyanilkantha Multiple College
- Rapti Engineering College
- Deepjyoti Nursing College
- Mark International College
- Victoria International College
- Deepshikha College
- Gorkha International College
- Ambikeshwori College
- Madan Bhandari Memorial College of Agriculture Studies
- Saraswati Madhyamik Vidhyalaya, Katekohal (Govt. School)
- Janajyoti Vidhyamandir
- Rajhena Government School
- Shantisudha Private School
|Level||Number of institutions|
A sub-regional level hospital along with child hospital, eye hospital and regional ayurveda hospital are serving the people here.Many other private and community level hospital are providing 24 hrs service to the dwellers of rapti region there.Many private hospitals and nursing homes are also under construction. It also has many clinics with highly experienced and qualified doctors.
Some of the hospitals include
- Rapti Subregional Hospital
- Umashankarnath Memorial Child Hospital
- Deepjyoti Hospital
- Ghorahi Hospital
- Gorkha Hospital
- Chinari Hospital
- Miteri Hospital
- Dental Clinics
Drinking Water and Sanitation
More than six different local water management commitees are active for the smooth supply of water in the region.Equal number of private water suppliers are also supplying deepwater supply to selected households in different regions.Recently water industries are also supplying packaged mineral water in the city.
Ghorahi municipality has won the title of "Most clean and sanitated city" of Nepal many times. It has managed its sanitation project with landfill site in its 9th ward ; Karautee Danda with the total area of 95 hectres.A total of 10 tons of waste is produced in the city in daily basis. Waste produced in the city is collected through one compactor, one tipper, and some rickshaws.A total of thirty people are involved in sanitory field work. It is one of the five municipalities who have managed their Dumping and Sanitary site in nepal.
Banks and Financial Institutions
- Nepal Bank Limited
- Agricultural Development Bank Limited
- Himalayan Bank Limited
- Nabil Bank Limited
- Prabhu Bank Limited
- Bank of Kathmandu Lumbini
- Global IME Bank
- Sanima Bank
- Nepal SBI Bank
- Laxmi Bank
- Citizens Bank
- Janata Bank
- Machhapuchre Bank
- Siddhartha Bank
- Civil Bank
- Western Development Bank
- Karnali Dev Bank
- Shangrila Dev Bank
- Siddhartha Dev Bank
- Nepal Bangladesh Bank
- Goodwill Finance
- Shine Resunga Dev Bank
- United Finance Limited
- Namaste Bittiya Sanstha Limited
- Bhargav Bikas Bank
- Synergy Finance
Ghorahi has its proposed industrial site in its 5th ward with huge possibility of industrial development. It has already hosted more than 1000 big,small,medium,and cottage industry.Many cement industry are under construction which are supposed to minimize huge quantity of import of cement from India.The cement industries like Ghorahi cement industry and Sonapur cement industry have already started their production. Ghorahi cement industry is supposed to be the largest cement industry in Nepal.Besides all these Dang district is also forward in poultry feed industries. Many small scale and medium scale industries related to poultry are running in this region.
Food and Cuisine
Dal Bhat is a popular cuisine among most of the people in the city.It is taken two times in a day: once after breakfast and other at night.
Mo:Mo, Chowmein, Samosas, Chhat are famous in the city.
- Newspapers: The people of Ghorahi are served by several daily local newspapers and national newspapers. There are 13 local newspapers in total. Among all of these, the most popular are New Yougbodh Daily, Ganatantra Daily , Rapti Post Daily and Gorakshya Daily.
National newspapers are also provided to the people on a daily basis. Some of the National newspapers are The Kathmandu Post, Kantipur, Annapurna Post, Himalayan Times among others. Several monthly neighborhood papers serve the town.
- Radio: The state-owned Radio Nepal is broadcast on the frequency wave of 98Mhz in the city. Similarly 6 private local FM stations are available. They are
- Madhyapaschim FM 91.4 MHz
- Indreni FM 92.4 MHz
- Jharana FM 88 MHz
- Radio Pathshala FM 105.8 MHz
- Radio Ganatantra Rapti FM 95.1 MHz
- Radio Swargadwari FM 102.8 Mhz
- Television: Nepal's state-owned television broadcaster, Nepal Television relay station is present near its border, which provides two free-to-air terrestrial channels. Beside that a mix of Nepali, Hindi, English, and other international channels are accessible via cable subscription and direct-broadcast satellite services. Ambikeshwori TVand RC Television are local television channel that covers events in the city.
- Internet: Internet facilities are provided by Nepal Telecom, BroadLink, Lumbininet, WorldLink and Subisu, Nepal Telecom is leading internet facilities provider. Wi-Fi connectivity is available at many cafes.
Place of Interest
It is one of the famous temples of Western Nepal. Its history is mentioned in the famous religious book of Hindus, swosthani.
It lies in the 4th ward of the municipality and famously known as Gorakshya Siddha Ratna Nath Mandir. It is one of the historic place of Nepal.
- Barhakune Tal and Baraha Temple
It lies in the 7th ward of the municipality. There is a beautiful pond that has twelve corners ( angles ); hence named " barha kune daha ". Temple of god Bishnu " barah " is also an important place for Pilgrims at that area and couple of temples of Ganesh and Shiv are there . A special fair is organised here during Maghe sankranti. It is also a famous tourist spot.
It is related to the Pandavs of the famous epic Mahabharata. A special fair is organised during Maha Shiv Ratri.Recently. The temple management committee inaugurated the worlds largest trident or trishul in the temple area. A total of thousand trees were also planted in the region. The trishul is considered to be the largest in the world.
- Nama:chu Bouddha Stupa
- Charinge Daha and Bhote Daha
- Panaura Tharu Cultural Museum
- Martyr Lakhan Thapa Memorial Park
- Netralal Abaghi Memorial Park Gulariya
- Magar Village and Homestay
- Vulture Restaurant Bijauri
- Jhigaura Sports Stadium
- "Nepal Census 2001". Nepal's Village Development Committees. Digital Himalaya. Archived from the original on 12 October 2008. Retrieved 21 September 2008.
- Ghorahi municipality site ; www.ghorahi.gov.np