Tribhuvan University

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Coordinates: 27°40′55″N 85°17′11″E / 27.68184°N 85.28646°E / 27.68184; 85.28646

Tribhuwan University
त्रिभुवन विश्वविद्यालय
Tribhuvan University Logo.png
Logo of Tribhuvan University
(blue and red hexagram)
Established1959; 63 years ago (1959)
BudgetRs. 15 billion (USD $130 million) for 2019–2020
ChancellorPrime Minister of Nepal
Vice-ChancellorDr. Dharma Kanta Baskota
Academic staff
7,049 professorial faculty
5607 other faculty[1]

Tribhuvan University (TU; Nepali: त्रिभुवन विश्वविद्यालय) is a public university located in Kirtipur, Kathmandu. Established in 1959, TU is the oldest university in Nepal.[3] In terms of enrollment, it is the 12th largest university in the world. The college offers 1000 undergraduate and 500 postgraduate programs across a wide range of disciplines.[citation needed] Additionally, the institution has 30 constituent campuses and over 600 affiliated colleges across the country.[4] Because it is government-funded, the tuition fees are less expensive than that of private (affiliated) college campuses.


Established on 25 June 1959 (or 11 Ashar 2016 BS),[5] Tribhuvan University is the oldest and largest university in Nepal. The university was named after the late King Tribhuvan. In its early years, all the postgraduate classes were held at Tripureshwor Campus. The administrative office was also located in Tripureshwor. It was only in 1967, that the university was relocated to its main campus in Kirtipur – an ancient town about 5 km south-west of the city of Kathmandu. The university, which spreads over an area of 154.77 hectares, constitutes the Central Administrative Office and the Central Campus.[6]

TU marked its golden jubilee in 2009 organizing programmes.


Tribhuvan University Administrative Building
Tribhuvan University

Since its inception, the state-owned university has expanded its programmes. There are five technical institutes and four general faculties. The university offers 115 courses for the technical proficiency certificate level. TU offers 1079 courses at Bachelor's level and 1000 courses at Master's level. It offers Ph.D. degrees in the technical institutes and faculties.

Tribhuvan University ran its programmes only through its constituent campuses before 1980. With the increasing number of students seeking higher education, it was not possible to accommodate all the students in the constituent campuses. This situation led to the establishment of colleges in the private sector because the constituent campuses alone could not meet the demand. From 1979 to 1980, TU started providing affiliation to private colleges. As of April 2016, 1,084 private and public colleges were affiliated with TU.[7]

In the 2014–2015 academic session 4,05,341 students were enrolled in TU academic programmes. 1,48,141 (36.55%) students study in its 60 constituent campuses including 38 central departments, while 2,57,200 (63.45%) students study in 1,053 affiliated colleges.[8][citation needed]

TU has 7,841 teaching faculty and 7,413 non-teaching staff including the support staff in its constituent campuses. The number of total employees is 15,254.[9][citation needed]


Tribhuvan University is ranked as 800-1000 universities of the world as per the Times Higher Education World University Rankings in 2021, published by the Times Higher Education (THE) magazine. It is ranked among the 251-300 best universities of Asia.[10] It is ranked at 6676 in the world and 2nd in the country as per the 4icu Organisation of University Ranking.[11]

Technical institutes[edit]

The university administers its science and technology programs, such as BSc, BE, MBBS, etc., through its technical institutes. There are five technical institutes at the university, each taking care of a specific domain within the field of science and technology education.

Faculties and associated Central Departments[edit]

There are four faculties and a total of 40 associated central departments at the university:[12]

Constituent Campuses[edit]

The following is a partial list of constituent colleges of the university:[13]

Province 1[edit]

Madhesh Province[edit]

Mahendra bindeshwori multiple campus Rajbiraj

Bagmati Province[edit]

Gandaki Province[edit]

Lumbini Province[edit]

Karnali Province[edit]

Sudurpaschim Province[edit]


TU is government financed but still an autonomous organization.[1] The head of the government, the prime minister, is its chancellor.[15]

  • Chancellor: Prime Minister of Nepal (Sher Bahadur Deuba)
  • Pro-Chancellor: Minister of Education (Devendra Paudel)
  • Vice Chancellor: Prof. Dr. Dharma Kant Baskota
  • Rector: Prof. Dr. Shiva Lal Bhusal
  • Registrar: Prof. Dr. Peshal Dahal


Tribhuvan University has five decision-making bodies:

  • The University Council is the supreme body that makes decisions on policies, budget, rules and regulations and the formation of special committees and commissions.
  • Executive Council implements operational decisions while the University Council accepts donations to the university. It makes decisions on grants, affiliation to private campuses and appointments of university officials.
  • The Academic Council makes decisions on policies and practices regarding curriculum, teaching, examinations and research.
  • The Research Coordination Council makes policies on TU research activities, approves guidelines for researchers and coordinates the functions of university level research organizations.
  • The Planning Council has an advisory role of preparing plans (long- and short-term), developing annual programs and evaluating programs implementation.



Research centers[edit]

Tribhuvan University has the following research centers:[16]

  • Centre for Economic Development and Administration (CEDA)
  • Centre for Nepal and Asian Studies (CNAS), formerly called the Institute for Nepal and Asian Studies (INAS)
  • Research Centre for Applied Science and Technology (RECAST)
  • Research Centre for Educational Innovation and Development (CERID)

Notable alumni[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Tribhuvan University". Tribhuvan University. 6 October 2007. Archived from the original on 6 October 2007. Retrieved 30 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Tribhuvan university".
  3. ^ "Nepal :: Health and education". Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved 9 February 2010.
  4. ^ Ghimire, Binod (25 September 2020). "Tribhuvan University to hold exams after festivals". The Kathmandu Post. Retrieved 25 September 2020. The country's largest university has 61 constituent and over 1,100 private and community affiliated colleges.
  5. ^ K.C., Tanka (2009). प्रज्ञान प्रतियोगितात्मक सामान्यज्ञान [Pragyan Competitive General Knowledge] (in Nepali). Kathmandu, Nepal: Pragyan Prakashan. p. 77.
  6. ^ "About Us". Tribhuvan University. Retrieved 6 October 2016.
  7. ^ "Over 1,000 colleges only temporarily affiliated to Tribhuvan University - The Himalayan Times". The Himalayan Times. 9 April 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
  8. ^ "About Us - Tribhuvan University of Nepal". Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  9. ^ "about us".
  10. ^ "Tribhuvan University". Times Higher Education (THE). 10 April 2019. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  11. ^ "Tribhuvan University World Ranking 2020". 2005-2020 uniRank ™. Retrieved 8 March 2020.
  12. ^ "Tribhuvan University of Nepal - Central Departments". Tribhuvan University. Retrieved 24 June 2021.
  13. ^ "LIst of Constituent Campuses of Tribhuvan University". Tribhuvan University's Official Website. TU. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  14. ^ "Welcome :: CCT Dharan".
  15. ^ "PM Dahal stresses need of reforming TU". Retrieved 24 January 2017.
  16. ^ "TU Research Centres". Retrieved 20 October 2018.