MTA Bridges and Tunnels
|Public benefit corporation|
|Founded||New York State (1933)|
|Headquarters||2 Broadway, New York, NY, 10004|
|New York City|
|Cedrick T. Fulton, President|
|Revenue||US$ 437,200,000 (2010)|
|US$ 586.5 million (2013)|
Number of employees
|Parent||Metropolitan Transportation Authority|
The Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority, doing business as MTA Bridges and Tunnels, is an affiliate agency of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority that operates seven intrastate toll bridges and two tunnels in New York City. In terms of traffic volume, it is the largest bridge and tunnel toll agency in the United States, serving more than a million people each day and generating more than $1.5 billion in toll revenue annually as of 2012.
The seven bridges are:
- Triborough Bridge (officially Robert F. Kennedy Bridge), the agency's original namesake and flagship crossing, connecting Manhattan, the Bronx, and Queens, via Randalls and Wards Islands
- Bronx–Whitestone Bridge, connecting the Bronx and Queens
- Verrazano-Narrows Bridge, connecting Brooklyn and Staten Island
- Throgs Neck Bridge, connecting the Bronx and Queens
- Henry Hudson Bridge, connecting Manhattan and the Bronx
- Marine Parkway–Gil Hodges Memorial Bridge, connecting Brooklyn and the Rockaways (Queens)
- Cross Bay Veterans Memorial Bridge, connecting Broad Channel to the Rockaways (Queens)
The two tunnels are:
- Brooklyn–Battery Tunnel (officially Hugh L. Carey Tunnel), connecting Brooklyn and Manhattan
- Queens–Midtown Tunnel, connecting Queens and Manhattan
Originally named the Triborough Bridge Authority, the authority was created in 1933 as a public-benefit corporation by the New York State Legislature. It was tasked with completing construction of the Triborough Bridge, which had been started by New York City in 1929 but had stalled due to the Great Depression.
Under the chairmanship of Robert Moses, the agency grew in a series of mergers with four other agencies:
- Henry Hudson Parkway Authority, in 1940
- Marine Parkway Authority, in 1940
- New York City Parkway Authority, in 1940
- New York City Tunnel Authority, in 1946
With the last merger in 1946, the authority was renamed the Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority. Generating millions of dollars in toll revenue annually, the TBTA easily became a powerful city agency as it was capable of funding large capital projects. From the 1940s-60s, the TBTA built the Battery Parking Garage, Jacob Riis Beach Parking Field, Coliseum Office Building and Exposition Center and East Side Airlines Terminal, as well as many parks in the city.
The TBTA was merged into the Metropolitan Transportation Authority in 1968. Surplus revenue, formerly used for new automobile projects, would now be used to support public transportation.  Since then, more than $10 billion has been contributed by the TBTA to subsidize mass transit fares and capital improvements for the New York City Transit, Long Island Rail Road, and Metro-North Railroad. The MTA Bridges and Tunnels trading name was adopted in 1994. The name Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority is still the legal name of the Authority and was used publicly between 1946 and 1994.
The Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority (TBTA) employs approximately 525 Bridge and Tunnel Officers, Sergeants, Lieutenants and Captains who are NYS Peace Officers with limited authority to make arrests and carry firearms. Personnel patrol the Authority's nine facilities on foot and in marked patrol cars, which are now painted in New York State's official colors, dark blue and gold, identifying as a state agency. As of 2017 the Governor of New York deployed 150 New York State Police and New York National Guard at all the crossings with the responsibility of policing and counter-terrorism initiatives. Besides law enforcement, officers collect tolls (although all crossings are switching to electronic toll collection by the end of 2017). They also assist stuck or immobilized vehicles, operate tow trucks to clear those disabled vehicles, and clear snow from the roadways. The TBTA also has a Special Operations Division/Collision Reduction Unit, which enforces all aspects of the New York State Vehicle and Traffic Law and NYC Traffic Rules with a main emphasis on speed enforcement.
E-ZPass rates are for tags issued by the New York Customer Service Center only -- vehicles with E-ZPass accounts from other agencies pay the cash rate. Tolls are charged in both directions unless otherwise noted. All rates are effective on March 19, 2017.
Open-road cashless tolling will be in place at all MTA Bridges and Tunnels facilities by the end of 2017. Both TBTA tunnels, as well as the Henry Hudson, Triborough, Verrazano, Cross Bay, and Marine Parkway Bridges now feature open-road tolling. All tollbooths are being dismantled under the program, and drivers will no longer be able to pay cash at the crossings. Instead, there will be cameras mounted onto new overhead gantries near where the booths are currently located. Drivers without E-ZPass will have a picture of their license plate taken, and the toll will be mailed to them. For E-ZPass users, sensors will detect their transponders wirelessly.
|Crossing(s)||Cars||Vehicles over 7,000 lbs GVWR||Motorcycles||Resident Programs||Franchise Buses
|Robert F. Kennedy (Triborough) Bridge;
Throgs Neck Bridge;
Hugh L. Carey (Brooklyn–Battery) Tunnel
|$8.50||$5.76||$17.00||$10.40||$3.50||$2.51||None||$4.17 (2 axles)
$4.95 (3 axles)
|Each additional axle is $9 Cash or $6.14 E-ZPass.
|Verrazano-Narrows Bridge||$17.00||$11.62||$34.00||$20.80||$7.00||$5.02||$9.00||$6.84 or
|$3.20||$8.34 (2 axles)
$9.90 (3 axles)
|Resident E-ZPass discount is $6.84 for 1-2 trips per month and $6.48 for 3+ trips per month. Each additional axle is $18 Cash or $12.18 E-ZPass.
|Henry Hudson Bridge||$6.00||$2.64||Not allowed||$3.50||$1.80||None||Vehicles without E-ZPass are sent a bill by mail.
|Marine Parkway Bridge;
Cross Bay Bridge
|$4.25||$2.16||$8.50||$5.20||$3.50||$1.80||$1.92||$1.41||None||$2.08 (2 axles)
$2.61 (3 axles)
|Each additional axle is $4.50 Cash or $3.07 EZ-Pass.|
Part 1022 of the Rules and Regulations Governing the Use of the Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority Facilities prohibits certain types of vehicles, such as:
- Vehicles with flat, solid, or metal tires
- Bicycles on the roadways. Bicycles may be walked across the Cross Bay Veterans Memorial Bridge, the Marine Parkway-Gil Hodges Memorial Bridge, and the Triborough Bridge
- Horses and horse-drawn vehicles
- Trucks and other non-passenger autos on the Henry Hudson Bridge
- MTA BudgetWatch May 2010 (PDF), Metropolitan Transportation Authority, retrieved May 30, 2010
- http://web.mta.info/mta/investor/pdf/2013/StantecEngineerReport042613.pdf APPENDIX E History & Projections Of Traffic, Toll Revenues & Expenses April 26, 2013
- Armode Schwabe, NY Times, 1954 July 12 Seven-Month-Old Air Terminal Doing a Good Job for Just About Everyone
- Roberts, Sam (July 11, 2006), "Reappraising a Landmark Bridge, and the Visionary Behind It", The New York Times, retrieved October 9, 2007
- McKinley, James C, Jr. (August 28, 1994), "What's in a Symbol? A Lot, the M.T.A. Is Betting", New York Times, retrieved February 23, 2008
- "Crossing Charges". MTA Bridges and Tunnels. March 19, 2017. Retrieved March 16, 2017.
- Siff, Andrew (October 5, 2016). "Automatic Tolls to Replace Gates at 9 NYC Spans: Cuomo". NBC New York. Retrieved December 25, 2016.
- WABC (December 21, 2016). "MTA rolls out cashless toll schedule for bridges, tunnels". ABC7 New York. Retrieved December 25, 2016.
- Rules and Regulations Governing the Use of the Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority Facilities, Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Accessed October 9, 2007.