Trick or Treat (1952 film)
|Trick or Treat|
|Donald Duck series|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Jack Hannah|
|Produced by||Walt Disney|
|Story by||Ralph Wright|
|Voices by||June Foray
|Music by||Paul J. Smith|
|Animation by||Volus Jones
Dan MacManus (effects)
|Layouts by||Yale Gracey|
|Backgrounds by||Yale Gracey|
|Studio||Walt Disney Productions|
|Distributed by||RKO Radio Pictures|
|Running time||8 minutes|
|Preceded by||Uncle Donald's Ants|
|Followed by||Don's Fountain of Youth|
Trick or Treat is a 1952 animated short film produced by Walt Disney Productions and released by RKO Radio Pictures. The cartoon, which takes place on Halloween night, follows a series of pranks between Donald Duck and his nephews with Witch Hazel. The film was directed by Jack Hannah and features the voices of Clarence Nash as Donald and his nephews, and June Foray as Hazel. The film introduced the song "Trick or Treat for Halloween" which was written by Mack David, Al Hoffman, and Jerry Livingston and performed by The Mellowmen.
The film opens with the song "Trick or Treat for Halloween", the lyrics of which tell the film's moral – one must be generous on Halloween or face trouble.
One Halloween night, Witch Hazel observes Huey, Duey, and Louie trick-or-treating. When the trio go to their uncle Donald Duck's house, Donald decides to prank the boys (giving them a "trick" instead of a treat). So instead of giving them candy, he intentionally puts firecrackers in their bags, then pulls a string that dumps a bucket of water on their heads. After Donald bids farewell to the boys, the discouraged nephews go and sit on the curb.
But Hazel, who was watching the drama unfold, approaches the boys and tries to encourage them. When she discovers that they believe in witches, she offers to help them get their treats from Donald after all. At first, she tries to convince Donald herself, but he skeptically retorts, pulls and releases her stretchy nose, and pranks her as well with a bucket of water, not believing she is a real witch. Realizing that the job may be tougher than she anticipated, Hazel tells the boys she will use her magic for this situation. In another location, a scene paying homage to Shakespeare's Macbeth shows Hazel and the nephews concocting a magic potion, adding somewhat more whimsical ingredients than the Three Witches in Macbeth. After testing the potion, Hazel fills an insecticide duster (similar in appearance to a Flit gun) and returns to Donald's house.
Upon arriving back at Donald's house, Hazel sprays the potion at an assortment of objects, causing them to become animated or anthropomorphic. Donald, stunned at the magic being displayed before him, immediately gives in and agrees to treat his nephews, but when Hazel refers to him as a pushover, he changes his mind. Donald locks his pantry and swallows the key. Hazel then uses the potion on Donald's feet to give her control of their maneuverability, and commands them to kick out the key, causing Donald to perform a crazy dance. When the key is kicked out, Donald throws it under the pantry door. Hazel sprays Donald's feet again and orders them to smash the door down with Donald. This is initially unsuccessful, so Hazel commands him to take a longer start ('bout a MILE OR TWO!), and he literally runs that far before he breaks down the pantry door and is left unconscious on the floor in defeat.
In the end, Huey, Duey, and Louie collect their treats and Hazel departs. A final shot shows an enchanted Jack-o'-lantern suddenly pop onto the screen saying "Boo!" to the viewers before smiling.
A print adaptation by Carl Barks was published simultaneously in the Donald Duck comic book. Barks was given a storyboard of the film by Ralph Wright while production of the film was still in progress. Barks was asked to create a 32-page comic adaptation, yet Barks did not believe he had enough material. In the end he wound up making a lot of his own material, even creating new characters such as Smorgie the Bad.
When the final product was sent to the publisher, Barks' segment with Smorgie was rejected, and the story was cut to 27 pages. To fill out the rest of the comic book, Barks created an additional story called "Hobblin' Gobblins." The original story was later restored with the publication of the Carl Barks Library.
Disneyland Records also produced an audio adaptation that was narrated by Ginny Tyler who also voices Witch Hazel. This version was 12 minutes long and also included a song and story from the Haunted Mansion Disneyland attraction.
- 1952 – Original theatrical release
- 1957 – Disneyland, episode #3.15: "All About Magic" (TV)
- c. 1965 – Super 8 release
- 1972 – The Mouse Factory, episode #1.4: "Spooks and Magic" (TV)
- 1983 – A Disney Halloween (TV special)
- 1990 – "Cartoon Classics: Halloween Haunts" (VHS)
- 1992 – The Ink and Paint Club, episode #1.34: "Donald's Nephews" (TV)
- 2000 – The Legend of Sleepy Hollow, Gold Classics Collection (VHS and DVD)
- 2000 – The Black Cauldron, Gold Classics Collection (VHS and DVD)
- 2001 – Disney Cartoon Classics - Birdbrain Donald (International Video CD Release)
- 2002 – Mickey's House of Villains (DVD)
- 2008 – "Walt Disney Treasures: The Chronological Donald, Volume Four" (DVD)
- 2010 – The Black Cauldron, 25th Anniversary Edition (DVD)
- 2010 – 13 Nights of Halloween