Tricking (martial arts)

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A tricker performing a flashkick.

Tricking is a training discipline that combines kicks with flips and twists from gymnastics as well as many dance moves and styles from breakdancing. It aims to achieve an aesthetic display of different combinations of "tricks". Tricking practitioners are commonly referred to as trickers or tricksters. Examples of tricking techniques include the 540 kick, the corkscrew, the flashkick, the butterfly twist and the double leg.

History[edit]

A tendency to exhibit techniques that are more flashy and complex was observed in martial arts during the period following the 1960s, predating the current tricking movement. Especially in taekwondo, an increasing emphasis on spectacular spinning, jumping or flying kicks developed during the mid-1960s with the introduction of international competitions.[1]

The actual sport of tricking is an internet phenomenon, emerging in the early 2000s. Xtreme Martial Arts is thought to be a close precursor to the sport, being shown at various martial arts tournaments in the 90s and early 2000s.[citation needed] By late 2003, the online tricking community was well-developed, bringing trickers from across the globe together. With the rise of YouTube, trickers were able to share their videos with others and the discipline experienced a massive rise in popularity and interest.[citation needed] Since the beginning of 2008, tricking has been receiving much wider publicity and popularity among the general public due to efforts of popular tricking teams.[citation needed]

Progression[edit]

A tricker demonstrates a characteristic tricking move, the Corkscrew.

Unlike many established sports, tricking has no formal rules or regulations, and there are no governing bodies that regulate the sport. Strictly speaking, participants are free to perform any kind of dramatic maneuver and call it a 'trick' - though there are certain moves which are generally accepted as tricking moves. Some practitioners (especially those who discover tricking through the Internet) tend to learn the easier moves first (such as the 540 kick, aerial, kip-up, and backflip) and try to progress through a list of recognized tricks in the perceived order of difficulty. However, how difficult a trick is varies from person to person; certain tricks may be inexplicably easier or harder than normal for a particular tricker to learn.

Trickers can be divided into different categories of style: some prefer performing mainly martial arts tricks (which almost always incorporate kicks into a trick), others mostly freestyle gymnastics and flips (mainly focus on combining different types of rotations and twists), but most trickers combine moves from both of the disciplines. Trickers regularly train their bodies hard to be able to consistently perform their tricks at any time.

Training[edit]

A trickster performing a combination of tricks.

Due to tricking's relatively underground status, specialized training and coaching for the activity is almost non-existent. Some practitioners come from various martial arts and gymnastics backgrounds, however the majority of trickers are self-taught. In addition to martial arts and gymnastics foundations, trickers usually learn from friends or other individuals who have more experience than themselves. Many trickers, who do not have access to an environment with which to learn, train by simply reproducing movements seen in videos. A rising practice within the tricking community has been to form "teams" among friends. These groups serve not only as a form of self-encouragement for individuals, but also to build identity and credibility as a trickster in the community. Similarly, trainees seek aid from tricking camps and gatherings which expose trickers to other individuals with higher levels of skill. In recent years, tricking has had enough exposure to the point that some martial arts and gymnastics studios in big cities feature classes for it,[promotional language].

Practitioners usually perform the majority of their tricks on grass or plyometric flooring. Foam landing mats, trampolines or jumping jamporees are utilized to become familiar with new movements in a safe environment. In addition to practicing the movements of tricking, many tricksters improve physical fitness to complement their training. A mutually common skill among many tricksters is body conditioning and strength training, as many of the movements within the activity require a high level of strength. Dynamic and static flexibility training is also commonly practiced by tricksters due to the high range of motion many tricks require.

Tricking techniques[edit]

This is an incomplete list of tricks extracted from online compendiums [2][3].

Tags

  • (n) Novice tricks
  • (b) Beginner tricks
  • (i) Intermediate tricks
  • (a) Advanced tricks
  • (e) Expert tricks
  • (e+) Even more expert tricks

Novice Tricks (and variations)[edit]

  • 540 kick (n)
    • 540 Gyro (i)
      • 540 Gyro Hyper (e)
        • Gyroknife (e+)
    • 540 Switch (i)
    • Sideswipe (i)
      • Suicideswipe (i)
      • Swipeknife (a)
  • Aerial (n) ex.
    • Aeriola (n)
    • Aerial Hook (b)
    • Aerial Switch (b)
    • Axe 2 Aerial (b)
      • Axe 2 Aerial Switch (i)
    • Reverse Aerial (b)
    • Front aerial (b)
    • Aerial Twist (i)
      • Hyperswipe (a)
        • Hyperswipe Hook (e)
        • Reverse Hyperswipe (e)
      • Touchdown Aerial Twist (a)
      • Double Aerial Twist (e+)
      • Triple Aerial Twist (e+)
      • Aerial Twist Doubleleg Twist (e+)
    • Hyper Aerial (Mega) (i)
    • Scissorswipe Aerial (a)
  • Au-Batido (n)
    • Au-batido 1990 (a)
  • Butterfly Kick (n)
    • Butterfly Twist (B-twist) (b)
      • B-Twist Round (b)
      • B-Twist Doubleleg (i)
        • B-Twist Doubleleg Hook (a)
      • B-Twist Swipe (i)
        • B-Twist Swipeknife (a)
      • Spiral Knuckle (i)
      • Hypertwist (i)
      • Hyperhook (a)
      • Double B-Twist (e)
        • Double B-Twist Hyper (e+)
        • Double B-Twist Hyperhook (e+)
        • Double B-Twist Round (e+)
      • Triple B-Twist (e+)
      • B-Twist Snapuswipe (e+)
    • Butterfly Knife (b)
      • Butter Knife double (e+)
    • Butterfly Switch (b)
      • Butterfly Switch Hyperhook (a)
    • Butterfly Helicoptero (a)
    • Butterfly Kickflip (e)
  • Pop
    • Pop 360 (n)
      • Pop 360 Gyro (b)
      • Pop 360 Double (i)
      • Pop 360 Kickflip (e+)
    • Pop 540 (n)
      • Pop 540 Double Gyro (e)
    • Pop 720 (b)
      • Pop 720 Double (i)
      • Pop 720 Triple (a)
      • Pop 720 Feilong (a)
      • Pop 720 Hyper (a)
      • Pop 720 Doubleleg (a)
        • Pop 720 Double Doubleleg (e+)
    • Pop 900 (i)
      • Pop 900 Triple (e+)
      • Pop 900 Double (e)
      • Pop 900 Hyper (e)
    • Pop 1080 (a)
      • Pop 1080 Jacknife (e)
    • Pop 1260 (e)
    • Pop 1440 (e+)
    • Pop Swipe (b)
      • Pop Swipe Knife (a)
    • Pop Jacknife (i)
    • Pop Snapuswipe (e)
  • Backside
    • Backside 720 (n)
      • Backside 720 Doubleleg Twist (e+)
    • Backside 900 (b)
      • Backside 900 Snapuswipe (e+)
    • Backside 1080 (i)
      • Backside 1080 Jacknife (a)
    • Backside 1260 (a)
      • Backside 1260 Crowd Awakener (e)
      • Backside 1260 Feilong (e)
      • Backside 1260 Hyper (e+)
    • Backside 1440 (e+)
      • Backside 1440 Jackknife (e+)
  • Feilong (n)
    • Hyper Feilong (b)
    • Feilong Cross (i)
    • Feilong Snapuswipe (e)
    • Full Feilong Twist (e)
    • Shaolin Cross (a)
      • Shaolin Cross Knife (e)
  • Kip-up (n)
    • Star Kip (b)
    • Suicide Kip Up (b)
    • Coin Drop (b)
    • 360 Suicide Kip Up (i)
  • Other novice tricks
    • 360 Front Kick (n)
    • Auto-Bahn (n)
    • Narabong (n)
    • Tornado Kick (n)

Begginer Tricks (and variations)[edit]

  • Back Flip (b)
    • Back Layout (n)
    • Flash Kick (b)
      • X-Out Flash Kick (a)
      • Double Flash Kick (i)
      • Triple Flash Kick (i)
      • Quadruple Flash Kick (a)
      • Quintuple Flash Kick (a)
      • Flash Full (a)
        • Flash Full Doubleleg (e)
    • Back Full (i)
      • Full Hyper (i)
      • Full Round (i)
        • Full Swipe (a)
          • Double Full Swipe (e+)
      • Tak Full (i)
        • Double Tak Full (e+)
        • Tak Full Snapuswipe (e+)
      • Wrap Full (i)
      • Ironman (a)
      • Full Hyperhook (a)
      • Full-Up (a)
      • Full Double-leg Twist (e)
        • Full Shuriken Twist Doubleleg (e)
        • Full Shuriken Twist Round (e)
        • Full-Doubleg-In Back-Out (e+)
      • Full-Up Terada Grab (e)
      • Full Swipeknife (e+)
      • Full-In Back-Out (e+)
      • Full-In Full-Out (e+)
      • Full Dleg Twist Round (e+)
      • Double Full (a)
        • Double Full Hyper (e)
        • Double Full Round (e)
      • Triple Full (e+)
      • Quadruple Full Twist (e+)
    • Rodeo (i)
    • Rocketboii (i)
      • Back-in Rocketboii-out (e)
    • Double Back Flip (e)
    • Triple Back Flip (e+)
    • X-out (i)
      • Double X-Out (a)
      • Half X-out Half (a)
      • X-Out Full (a)
      • Full X-Out Full (e+)
  • Brandy (b)
    • Barani (b)
  • Doubleleg (b)
    • Doubleleg X-out (i)
    • Doubleleg Hook (a)
    • Doubleleg X-out Swipe (a)
    • Double Full Doubleleg (e)
    • Double Full Doubleleg Swipe (e)
    • Doubleleg Twist (e)
    • Doubleleg X-out Twist (e)
    • Full Doubleleg Twist (e+)
    • Full Doubleleg Twist Round (e+)
    • Doubleleg Double Twist (e+)
    • Full Doubleleg Hook (e+)
  • Donut Boy (b)
    • Donut Boy Hook (i)
  • Cheat nº
    • Cheat 720 (b)
      • Cheat 720 Twist Doubleleg (e)
      • Cheat 720 Hyper (a)
      • Cheat 720 Twist (a)
      • Cheat 720 Twist Hyper (a)
      • Cheat 720 Twist Round (a)
      • Cheat 720 Feilong (e)
      • Shuriken Cheat 720 Twist (e)
      • Cheat 720 Feilong Hyper (e+)
      • Cheat 720 Hyperhook (e+)
    • Cheat 900 (i)
      • Tak 9 (a)
      • Cheat 900 Double (e)
      • Cheat 900 Hyper (e)
      • Cheat 900 Double Hyper (e+)
      • Cheat 900 Gyro (e+)
      • Cheat 900 Parafuso (e)
      • Cheat Parafuso 900 Double (e)
    • Cheat 1080 (e)
      • Cheat 1080 Jacknife (e+)
      • Cheat 1080 Triple (e+)
      • Cheat 1080 Twist (e+)
    • Cheat 1260 (e+)
    • Cheat 1440 (e+)
  • Crowd Awakener (b)
    • Crowd Awakener Level 2 (a)
      • Crowd Awakener Level 2 Hook (e)
    • Crowd Awakener Level 3 (a)
    • Crowd Awakener Level 4 (e+)
  • Front Flip (b)
    • Double Front Flip (e+)
    • Front Full (i)
  • Gainer (b)
    • Gainer Flash Kick (b)
      • Holy Hook (a)
    • Slant Gainer (b)
    • Gainer Arabian (i)
    • Gainer Doubleleg (i)
    • Gainer Flash Gyro (i)
    • Gainer Full (i)
    • Gainer Rocketboii (i)
    • Gainer Switch (i)
    • Gainer X-out (i)
    • Gainer Arabian X-out (a)
    • Hyper Gainer Full (a)
    • Slant Gainer Triple Flash Hook (a)
    • Gainer Double Full (e+)
    • Double Gainer (e+)
    • Moon Kick (b)
      • Hyper Moon kick (a)
  • Gumbi(b)
    • Sailor Moon (b)
      • Sailor Moon Knife (i)
      • Sailor Moon Swipe (i)
      • Sailor Moon Twist (a)
      • Bergen Twist (e)
    • Raiz (b)
      • Touchdown Raiz (i)
    • Harold Switch (e+)
    • Herald Switch (e+)
  • Handspring
    • Back Handspring (b)
      • Valdez (b)
      • Back Handspring Twist (i)
    • Front Handspring (b)
  • Illusion Kick (b)
    • Illusion Twist (b)
    • Illusion Twist Feilong (i)
    • Illusion Hyperhook (e+)
  • Shuriken Twist (b)
    • Shuriken Hyperhook (e)
    • Shuriken Twist Gyro (e+)
  • Singleleg (b)
    • Singleleg Hook (a)
    • Singleleg Twist (e)
  • Spyder (b)
    • Spyder Twist (i)
  • Swingthru 360 Hyper (b)
    • Swingthru 900 (b)
    • Swingthru Feilong (i)
      • Flik Flak (i)
    • Swingthru 1080 (i)
    • Swingthru Doubleleg (i)
    • Swingthru 1260 (a)
  • Webster (b)
    • Webster X-out (a)
    • Axe Webster (i)
    • Loser (i)
  • Arabian (b)
    • Pike Arabian Full (a)
    • Double Arabian (e+)
  • Other beginner tricks
    • Masterswipe (b)
    • Sideflip (b)

Intermediate Tricks (and variations)[edit]

  • Corkscrew (i)
    • Double Corkscrew (e)
      • Double Corkscrew Hyper (e+)
      • Double Corkscrew Round (e)
    • Quadruple Corkscrew (e+)
    • Hyper Corkscrew (i)
    • Shuriken Corkscrew (i)
      • Shuriken Corkscrew Feilong (a)
      • Cork Shuriken Hyper Hook (e)
      • Shuriken Cork Jacknife (e+)
      • Shuriken Cork Snapuswipe (e+)
      • Shuriken Cork Swipenife (e+)
    • Iron Man Cork (a)
    • Cork Swipeknife (a)
    • Corkscrew Doubleleg (a)
      • Double Corkscrew Doubleleg (e+)
      • Corkscrew Doubleleg Hook (e)
    • Corkswipe (a)
    • Dragonfly Corkscrew (a)
    • Rodeo Corkscrew (a)
    • Cork Snapuswipe (e+)
    • Rodeo Cork Gyro (e+)
    • Cork-in Back-out (Snatchcannon) (e+)
  • 1990 (i)
    • 2000 (i)
  • Dragonfly Twist (i)
    • Dragonfly Twist Round (i)
  • Envergado (i)
    • Touchdown Envergado (i)
    • Envergado Gyro (e+)
  • Flare (i)
    • Air Flare (e)
  • Grandmaster Swipe (i)
    • Grandmaster Terada Swipe (i)
    • Grandmaster Swipeknife (a)
    • Grandmaster Twist (a)
    • Grandmaster Snapuswipe (e)
  • Jackknife (i)
    • Wackknife (i)
    • Hyper Jacknife (e)
    • Jack 9 (e)
    • Paraknife (a)
  • Parafuso (i)
    • Parafuso Gyro (e+)
  • Terada Grab (i)
    • Terada Grab Full-out (e)
  • Other intermediate tricks
    • Tai-Fighter (i)
    • Takuraba (i)

Advanced Tricks (and variations)[edit]

  • Boxcutter (a)
    • Double Boxcutter (e+)
  • Other Advanced tricks
    • Kroc (a)

Expert Tricks (and variations)[edit]

  • 720
    • 720 Doubleleg Hook (e)
    • 720 Feilong Cross (e)
    • 720 Singleleg Hook (e)
    • 720 Doubleleg Twist (e+)
  • Snapuswipe (e)
    • Double Snapuswipe (e+)
    • Hyper Snapuswipe (e+)
    • Suicide Snapuswipe (e+)
  • Other expert tricks
    • Bullet Flip (e)

Even more expert tricks[edit]

  • Even more expert tricks
    • Lonestar-In Front-Out (e+)
    • Graham Cracker (e+)

Other movements[edit]

  • Extra Skills
    • Crouch
    • Gyro
    • Helicoptero
    • Kyro
    • Mega
    • Rodeo Grab
    • Roll-In
    • Spindle
    • Step-down
    • Stepover Hook
    • Switch
    • To Splits
    • In/out
  • Transitions
    • Sweep
      • Back Sweep
      • Front Sweep
      • Pocketknife (i)
        • Pocket 9 (e)
    • Scoot
      • Scoot Hyper
      • Arashiswipe (i)
  • Other transitions
    • Carry-Through
    • Cartwheel
    • Hook Kick
    • J-Step
    • Missleg
    • Reverse Swing
    • Round-Off
    • Slide-In
    • Swing-Through
    • Wrap-Through

Prefixes and sufixes[edit]

  • Cheat (Prefix) – a trick that begins with a 180 degree spin into a jump, or a rick that begins like a tornado kick.
  • Hyper (Prefix) – to land a trick on the opposite designated leg by over-rotation.
  • Switch (Suffix) – to land a trick on the opposite designated leg by switching the legs shortly before the landing.
  • Swipe (Suffix) – a "Hyper" or "Switch" that happens while twisting horizontaly or inverted, or a "540-style" trick executed from a twisting position.
  • Knife (Suffix) – a hook or spin outside crescent kick executed immediately after a round.
  • - (place kick here) (suffix) – indicates a specific kick that replaces another kick originaly designated for the nominal trick.
  • Jesus (Prefix) – any flip that is executed by rising straight up and reducing the amount of rotational momentum, it´s notable for it´s extremely high set into the flip and the “crucifix” position resembling Christ the Reedemer.
  • Reverse (Prefix) – to walk backwards into a trick.

Gatherings[edit]

Since its inception, gatherings have been a regular part of the tricking community. Organized by trickers, usually with the assistance of online forums, gatherings are an opportunity for individual trickers to showcase their styles and seek advice from other trickers. Gatherings usually have one or more Gym Sessions, where a gymnastics studio is rented out specifically for the gathering.

In addition, there are also mini-gatherings (also known as seminars/sessions) that usually take place in grassy fields. Compared to regular gatherings where trickers from all over the world attend, mini-gatherings generally attract local trickers to a one-day session. This in turn allows local trickers to meet, trick together, strengthen tricking in their own communities, and help expose it to more people in their local area.

Team tricking[edit]

Trickers sometimes make teams and practice together, but often perform together as well. Many teams choreograph demos which they then perform at events. Not only do the demos promote their teams, they also bring tricking out into the light for the rest of the world. Some trickers choose to pair up with other trickers at competitions and perform. Teams often organize open tricking sessions and gatherings. Some examples of teams are: Loopkicks[4], Club540 online community[5]

Media exposure[edit]

Since its rise in popularity, tricking has been featured in various media.

  • Anis Cheurfa, a French professional trickster, portrayed the masked antagonist Rinzler in the 2010 film Tron: Legacy, utilizing tricking in combat.
  • Jacob Pinto, a three-time Red Bull Tricking Champion, has been featured tricking in television, film and commercials, such as Best Time Ever with Neil Patrick Harris, Blackish and The Voice with CeeLo Green.
  • Arrow, the DC television series played on the CW, showcased fight scenes by actress Caity Lotz, who portrays Sara Lance in the series.
  • Daredevil, the marvel television series, showcased fight scenes which incorporated tricking as well as many other martial arts
  • Got7, a South Korean boy group under JYP Entertainment is famous for using tricking as part of their choreography.
  • Andy Le, an American trickster who is known for his videos on his YouTube channel Martial Club, he was also a winner of the Red Bull Kick It competition

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Green, Thomas A.; Svinth, Joseph R. (2010). Martial Arts of the World: An Encyclopedia of History and Innovation. ABC-CLIO. p. 202. ISBN 9781598842432.
  2. ^ www.club540.com http://www.club540.com/tricktionary. Retrieved 2019-01-19. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ "Tricking Bible" (PDF).
  4. ^ "Martial Arts Tricking in the Bay Area | Loopkicks Tricking Classes & Events". Team Loopkicks. Retrieved 2019-01-19.
  5. ^ www.club540.com http://www.club540.com/. Retrieved 2019-01-19. Missing or empty |title= (help)