269 Kilburn High Road|
|Owner||Tricycle Theatre Company Ltd|
|Rebuilt||1989, 1998, 2018|
Tim Foster ArchitectsChapman Architects
The Kiln Theatre (formerly the Tricycle Theatre) is a theatre located in Kilburn, in the London Borough of Brent, England. Since 1980, the theatre has presented a wide range of plays reflecting the cultural diversity of the area, as well as new writing, political work and verbatim reconstructions of public inquiries.
The theatre has produced original work by playwrights such as Lynn Nottage, Patrick Barlow, Richard Bean, David Edgar, Stephen Jeffreys, Abi Morgan, Simon Stephens, Roy Williams, Lolita Chakrabarti, Moira Buffini, Alexi Kaye Campbell, Florian Zeller and Ayad Akhtar.
Wakefield Tricycle Company
The theatre opened on the Kilburn High Road in 1980 as the permanent home of the Wakefield Tricycle Company, a touring theatre company that was known for producing British premieres, new writing, children's shows and theatre for the community in London and south-east England. The Wakefield Tricycle Company had been started in 1972 by Ken Chubb and Shirley Barrie, performing initially in a room behind the Pindar of Wakefield pub in King's Cross. The name Wakefield Tricycle Company was adopted as a pun on the Wakefield Cycle of mystery plays, the pub's name and the fact that the initial company had three members.
The company commissioned new plays which it presented at arts centres around the country and then brought into small London theatres, such as The Bush and King's Head. The Wakefield Tricycle produced over 60 plays including works by Sam Shepard, John Antrobus, Olwen Wymark and co-founder Barrie.
After securing the support of Brent London Borough Council, the Greater London Council and Arts Council England, the company was given a lease and began converting the Foresters' Hall on the Kilburn High Road into the Tricycle Theatre ("Wakefield" being dropped from the company's name at this point), opting for this space due to the lack of local entertainment facilities for the residents of Kilburn at the time. The Foresters' Hall, which was built for the Ancient Order of Foresters, had previously been used for various purposes, including as a cinema and as a music and dance hall and as temporary offices for Brent Housing Department and Rent Tribunal.
The then 235-seat auditorium, designed by architect Tim Foster and theatre consultant Iain Mackintosh, was modelled on the Georgian Theatre Royal in Richmond, Yorkshire. It was built using free-standing system-scaffolding that supported padded benches rather than individual seats. The pre-existing proscenium arch was in front of a stage so shallow as to be almost useless, so a large apron was built to take the acting area out into 'the courtyard', leaving the old stage as almost a backstage area, frequently unused in productions, but leaving the theatre with the oddity of a proscenium arch framing a small rear, inner acting area.
In 1987 the theatre suffered a devastating fire that spread from a neighbouring timber yard and which seriously damaged the building. However, after extensive fundraising, the theatre was rebuilt and reopened in 1989, with only minor alterations.
In 1998, a 300-seat cinema was added to the complex, and in 2001 the Creative Space was built for the theatre's extensive education and community work. All stages of the development were designed by Tim Foster Architects (now Foster Wilson Architects).
In July 2016, the theatre went into a capital development project to refurbish the theatre auditorium and front of house spaces, led by commissioned architects Chapman Architects. In April 2018, the theatre announced its planned reopening for September 2018, as well as a season of plays for 2018/19.
The refurbished building opened on 5 September 2018 and has:
- A new auditorium with a flexible stage
- Increased capacity in the auditorium (292 seats) and individual seating
- Eight wheelchair positions within the auditorium with access at stalls level and increased accessibility in front of house and backstage areas
- Additional toilets
- Upgraded façade and street-facing café
- Technical bridges and increased access to technical equipment
In April 2018 the theatre was renamed as Kiln Theatre. Artistic Director Indhu Rubasingham explained that the new name helped strengthen the venue's association with the local area of Kilburn. Kilns also have a relationship with all cultures around the world, and are symbols of creativity and culture.. Following this, a public petition arguing that the name change was "unnecessary, costly and squanders the established reputation of The Tricycle" gained over three hundred signatures.
In 1984 co-founder Ken Chubb turned leadership over to new artistic director Nicolas Kent, who had previously brought a successful production of Playboy of the West Indies by Mustapha Matura to the theatre with the Oxford Playhouse Company. Ken Chubb and Shirley Barrie returned shortly thereafter to their native Canada where they have continued working in theatre and education.
In 2012 the role of artistic director was taken over by Indhu Rubasingham, who had previously worked as a guest director at the theatre working on shows such as Fabulation by Lynn Nottage (2006), The Great Game (with Nicolas Kent in 2009) and Detaining Justice by Bola Agbaje (2009).
Tricycle Theatre productions 1980s - 1990s
Among the highpoints of the 1980s and early 1990s were productions of Return to the Forbidden Planet, Just So (a musical based on the Rudyard Kipling children's stories) and productions by The Black Theatre Co-operative, Carib Theatre, Druid, Field Day, Foco Novo, Market Theatre of Johannesburg, National Theatre of Brent, Paines Plough, Shared Experience, Talawa Theatre Company.
From 1994, during the tenure of Nicolas Kent as Artistic Director, the theatre established a reputation for its distinctive "tribunal plays" based on verbatim reconstructions of public inquiries.
In 1994 the theatre produced Half the Picture by Richard Norton-Taylor and John McGrath (a dramatisation of the Scott Arms to Iraq Inquiry), which was the first play ever to be performed in the Houses of Parliament. This was the first of a series of plays that have subsequently become known as the Tricycle Tribunal Plays. The next, marking the 50th anniversary of the 1946 War Crimes Tribunal, was Nuremberg, which was followed by Srebrenica – the UN Rule 61 Hearings, which later transferred to the National Theatre and the Belfast Festival at Queen's.
In 1999, the theatre's reconstruction of The Stephen Lawrence Inquiry – The Colour of Justice received critical and public acclaim, The Guardian calling it "the most vital piece of theatre on the London stage". It went on to play for two weeks at Theatre Royal, Stratford East and transferred to the Victoria Palace in the West End. It completed a national tour in 1999 which included the Belfast Festival and the National Theatre.
In 2004 the theatre produced Guantanamo: Honor Bound to Defend Freedom written by Victoria Brittain and Gillian Slovo from spoken evidence, which transferred to the New Ambassadors Theatre in the West End and the Culture Project in New York (where Archbishop Desmond Tutu appeared in the production). In 2006 the theatre presented a performance of the play at the Houses of Parliament and also on Washington's Capitol Hill. It has since been performed around the world. Through the "Guantanamo Reading Project" there have been 25 community productions of readings of the play in the United States.
Bloody Sunday: Scenes from the Saville Inquiry opened in 2005 and later transferred to Belfast, Derry and to the Abbey Theatre for the Dublin Theatre Festival. In 2006 the theatre was awarded an Evening Standard Special Drama Award for "pioneering political work", and a Laurence Olivier Award for Outstanding Achievement for Bloody Sunday.
In 2007 Called to Account – the indictment of Tony Blair for the crime of aggression against Iraq – a hearing was staged at the Tricycle with evidence from American political lobbyist Richard Perle, the Chilean Ambassador to the United Nations Security Council in 2003, Juan Gabriel Valdes, and ex-Cabinet Minister Clare Short.
In 2010 Nicolas Kent, Indhu Rubasingham and the Tricycle Theatre were awarded a Human Rights Award from Liberty for "their proud record of highlighting some of the most important human rights issues of the day". The award named several of the tribunal plays.
Productions 2006 – 2012
- The 39 Steps adapted by Patrick Barlow (10 August − 9 September 2006)
- Fabulation, or the Re-Education of Undine by Lynn Nottage (14 September − 21 October 2006)
- Called to Account edited by Richard Norton-Taylor (19 April − 9 June 2007)
- Moonlight & Magnolias by Ron Hutchinson (September 2007 − 3 November 2007; revived 2 July − 2 August 2008)1 *Doubt: A Parable by John Patrick Shanley (22 November 2007 − 12 January 2008)
- Let There Be Love by Kwame Kwei-Armah (17 January − 16 February 2008; revived 5 − 30 August 2008)
- Radio Golf by August Wilson (2 October − 1 November 2008)
- Loot by Joe Orton, starring Matt Di Angelo, David Haig and Doon Mackichan (11 December 2008 – 31 January 2009)
- The Great Game: Afghanistan – A festival that included 12 newly commissioned short plays by Richard Bean, David Edgar, David Greig, Amit Gupta, Ron Hutchinson, Stephen Jeffreys, Abi Morgan, Ben Ockrent, J. T. Rogers, Simon Stephens, Colin Teevan and Joy Wilkinson (17 April − 14 June 2009). The production, which received an Olivier Award Nomination for Outstanding Achievement, returned to the Tricycle in the autumn of 2010, before embarking on a tour of the USA
- Not Black and White by Roy Williams, Kwame Kwei-Armah and Bola Agbaje (8 October − 19 December 2009), a season of full-length plays looking at 21st-century London from a black perspective
- Greta Garbo Came to Donegal (7 January – 20 February 2010) by Frank McGuinness
- Women, Power and Politics (4 June − 17 July 2010). Following the 2010 General Election, the Tricycle presented a season of twelve new plays that examined both the history of women's role in politics, and the complex issues surrounding women's participation and role in contemporary governments
- Broken Glass by Arthur Miller (10 August − 10 September 2010)
- The Riots, written by Gillian Slovo from spoken evidence (17 November − 10 December 2011; transferred to the Bernie Grant Arts Centre 4 − 14 January 2012)
- The Bomb – a partial history with plays by Lee Blessing, John Donnelly, Elena Gremina, Amit Gupta, Zinnie Harris, Ron Hutchinson (9 February – 1 April 2012)
- Lover's Rock Monologues, the story of how a subgenre of reggae born in the UK defined a generation in the late 1970s and 1980s and had huge impact on British pop culture (9–14 July 2012)
- Jazz at Cafe Society, a show about the 1940s New York Cafe Society nightclub, written and produced by Alex Webb, narrated by DJ and BBC Radio presenter Max Reinhardt and featuring Gwyneth Herbert, Alexander Stewart and China Moses (16–21 July 2012)
Productions 2012 – 2018
Indhu Rubasingham opened her 2012 inaugural season by directing Red Velvet.
- Red Velvet, a world premiere of a play by Lolita Chakrabarti based on the true story of Ira Aldridge, the first black actor to play Othello on a London stage in 1833 (played 11 October – 24 November 2012; revived 23 January 2014 – 15 March 2014; transferred to New York 25 March – 20 April 2014). The production received awards for Most Promising Playwright and Best Actor at the Evening Standard Award and Critics' Circle Theatre Awards, and transferred to the West End in 2016 as part of the Kenneth Branagh season at the Garrick.
- The Arabian Nights by Mary Zimmerman, adapted from The Book of the Thousand Nights and One Night (30 November 2012 – 12 January 2013)
- Paper Dolls by Philip Himberg, a play about a Filipino drag act in Tel Aviv (28 February – 28 April 2013)
- Bracken Moor by Alexi Kaye Campbell, presented by Shared Experience and the Tricycle Theatre (6 June – 20 July 2013)
- A Boy and His Soul by Colman Domingo, a play about growing up in Philadelphia with Soul music (4 September – 21 September 2013) 
- Handbagged by Moira Buffini, directed by Indhu Rubasingham (October 2013). In 2014 Handbagged transferred to the Vaudeville Theatre in London's West End, and the Tricycle Theatre received an Olivier Award for "Outstanding Achievement in an Affiliate Theatre". The play was nominated for an Olivier Award for "Best Comedy" and went on national tour in 2015.
- The Colby Sisters of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania by Adam Bock (19 June − 26 July 2014)
- The Kilburn Passion by Suhayla El-Bushra, presented by the Young Company's 19–25 Ensemble (5 – 9 August 2014)
- The House That Will Not Stand by Marcus Gardley (9 October – 29 November 2014)
- Lionboy, from the novel by Zizou Corder, adapted by Marcelo Dos Santos and Complicite (17 December 2014 – 10 January 2015)
- Multitudes by John Hollingworth(19 February – 21 March 2015)
- The Dissidents by Shamser Sinha presented by the Young Company's 19–25 Ensemble (26 – 28 March 2015)
- After Electra by April De Angelis (7 Apr – 2 May 2015)
- The Father by Florian Zeller, in a translation by Christopher Hampton (7 May – 13 June 2015). This show transferred to the West End in Sep/Nov 2015 and won Kenneth Cranham an Olivier Award for Best Actor.
- A Wolf in Snakeskin Shoes by Marcus Gardley (8 October – 14 November 2015)
- Ben Hur by Patrick Barlow (19 November 2015 – 9 January 2016)
- The Mother by Florian Zeller (21 January – 12 March 2016)
- The Invisible Hand by Ayad Akhtar (12 May – 2 July 2016)
- The Great Wave by Francis Turnly (co-production with the National Theatre, 10 March – 14 April 2018)
- Holy Sh!t by Alexis Zegerman (5 September - 6 October 2018)
2014 Jewish Film Festival funding
In August 2014, the theatre informed the UK Jewish Film Festival (UKJFF) that it could not host the festival in 2014 (as it had done for the previous eight years) if the festival continued to pursue a £1400 grant it had sought from the Israeli Embassy in London. The theatre offered to make up the loss itself but the festival's chief executive director Stephen Margolis dismissed this offer as a "publicity stunt", saying that artistic director Indhu Rubasingham had also demanded to scrutinise the list of films to be shown. The decision led to accusations of anti-semitism and The Jewish Chronicle described the decision as "open racism". Rubasingham drew attention to her own and the theatre's record, adding, "I am not anti-Semitic or anti-Israeli".
Nick Cohen, writing in The Spectator, accused the Tricycle of inconsistency, as other groups' or events' funding had not, he claimed, previously been examined in this way. Cohen also pointed out that the theatre accepted Arts Council funding during times that the UK was actively involved in military conflicts. In an editorial, The Guardian said that the theatre had made "a bad error of judgment". Sajid Javid, the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport was reported as saying that the theatre had been "misguided" in demanding the festival drop its sponsorship by the Israeli Embassy.
Theatre directors Nicholas Hytner and Richard Eyre both supported the Tricycle's stance and deplored those who had misrepresented that position. Hytner also said "Rubasingham and the Tricycle board could not have made clearer their commitment to Jewish culture ... It is entirely understandable that they felt obliged to insist that no government agency should sponsor the festival. The Tricycle ... has a clear responsibility to make no statement about the dispute that is behind the current conflict. It greatly saddens me that the UKJFF have unwisely politicised a celebration of Jewish culture".
However, in a joint statement on 15 August, the UKJFF and Tricycle Theatre said: "Some weeks ago the UKJFF fell out, very publicly, with the Tricycle over a condition imposed by the Tricycle regarding funding. This provoked considerable public upset. Both organisations have come together to end that. Following lengthy discussions between the Tricycle and UKJFF, the Tricycle has now withdrawn its objection and invited back the UK Jewish Film Festival on the same terms as in previous years with no restrictions on funding from the Embassy of Israel in London." The 2014 festival did not take place at the theatre, but it was suggested that the Tricycle might hold some UKJFF-related events later in the year.
In May 2015 the Tricycle Theatre's chair, Jonathan Levy, issued an apology in a piece published in The Jewish Chronicle, saying that the theatre had taken the wrong decision when it had asked UKJFF to return to the Israeli Embassy the £1400 funding it had received and that it was now seeking ways to rebuild mutual trust with the Jewish community.
- 292-seat theatre
- 300-seat cinema
- The Cameron Mackintosh Rehearsal Studio
- The James Baldwin Studio – for workshops and smaller scale theatre works
- The Paint Box – a visual arts studio endowed by the John S Cohen Foundation
- The August Wilson Creative Space – for education and outreach workshops
- "About Us". Tricycle Theatre. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
- "Tim Foster: Partner". Foster Wilson Architects. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
- "Biography". Ken Chubb. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
- "About Me". Shirley Barrie. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
- "Tricycle Theatre Archive, 1972–2004". Theatre Collections. Victoria and Albert Museum. Retrieved 16 August 2014.
- "Tim Foster". World Stage Design 2013. September 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
- "Tricycle Theatre – Chapman Architects". Chapman Architects. Retrieved 2018-04-11.
- "Tricycle Theatre renamed Kiln after £5.5m revamp | Carousel, News | The Stage". The Stage. 2018-04-11. Retrieved 2018-04-11.
- "Capital Project | Kiln Theatre". kilntheatre.com. Retrieved 2018-05-08.
- "Have a first glimpse inside revamped 'widescreen' Kiln Theatre". Evening Standard. Retrieved 2018-09-17.
- Raffray, Natalie (31 May 2018). "Tricycle Theatre row: Rebranded 'Kiln' under fire as hundreds sign petition to bring back old name". Kilburn Times. Retrieved 6 July 2018.
- Carrier, Dan (9 April 2018). "Protests over plan to change Tricycle theatre's name to The Kiln". Camden New Journal. Retrieved 6 July 2018.
- Hoggard, Liz (9 October 2012). "Trike in turnaround: Tricycle Theatre's new director's first season opens this week. She talks about her vision". Evening Standard. Retrieved 19 September 2014.
- Clapp, Susannah (17 January 1999). "Here is racism in all of its subtle shades". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 September 2014.
- Billington, Michael (5 November 2003). "Justifying War". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
- Bird, Alan (24 June 2004). "Guantanamo 'honor bound to defend freedom'". London Theatre Archive. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
- "Olivier Winners 2006". Previous winners. Olivier Awards. Archived from the original on 29 December 2014. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
- "Called to Account: The Indictment of Anthony Charles Lynton Blair For the Crime of Aggression Against Iraq – A Hearing". About Us. Tricycle Theatre. 2007. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
- Liberty, List of previous winners
- "Nicolas Kent Biography". www.nicolaskent.com. Nicolas Kent. Retrieved 16 August 2014.
- Shenton, Mark (24 March 2010). "London's Tricycle to Reprise Great Game: Afghanistan, Plus New Blessing Play, Ahead of U.S. Tour". Playbill. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
- "Red Velvet (Garrick Theatre)". WhatsOnStage.com. Retrieved 2018-04-11.
- "Red Velvet – St. Ann's Warehouse". St. Ann's Warehouse. Retrieved 2018-05-08.
- "Evening Standard Theatre Awards: why our judges chose the winners". Evening Standard. 25 November 2012. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
- Masters, Tim (15 January 2013). "Adrian Lester named best actor at Critics' Circle Theatre Awards". BBC News. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
- "A Boy and His Soul". Tricycle Theatre. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
- "Handbagged, at Vaudeville Theatre, review". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
- Wyatt, Daisy (13 April 2014). "Olivier Awards 2014: Winners list in full – Chimerica and The Book of Mormon were the big winners on Sunday night". The Independent. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
- "Tour Dates Archive – Handbagged the Play". Handbagged the Play. Archived from the original on 25 August 2016. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
- "Lionboy". Tricycle Theatre. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
- "Multitudes". Tricycle Theatre. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
- "The Dissidents". Tricycle Theatre. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
- "After Electra". Tricycle Theatre. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
- "The Father". Tricycle Theatre. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
- "A Wolf In Snakeskin Shoes". Tricycle Theatre. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
- "Ben Hur". Tricycle Theatre. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
- "The Mother". Tricycle Theatre. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
- "The Invisible Hand". Tricycle Theatre. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
- "The Great Wave". National Theatre. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
- "Holy Sh!t | Kiln Theatre". kilntheatre.com. Retrieved 2018-09-17.
- "The Tricycle Theatre and the UK Jewish Film Festival" (Press release). The Tricycle Theatre. 5 August 2014. Archived from the original on 14 August 2014. Retrieved 16 August 2014.
- "The Tricycle refuses to host the UK Jewish Film Festival for having Israeli Embassy support" (Press release). UK Jewish Film. 5 August 2014. Archived from the original on 11 August 2014. Retrieved 16 August 2014.
- McVeigh, Tracey & Sherwood, Harriet (9 August 2014). "Theatre's decision to ban Jewish film festival is 'thin end of wedge'". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
- Leader (7 August 2014). "Racism in Kilburn". The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- Curtis, Nick (6 August 2014). "Theatre director Indhu Rubasingham: I just didn't want to take sides in a very emotional, passionate situation". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 7 August 2014.
- Cohen, Nick (6 August 2014). "Anti-Semitic double standards: the arts and the Jews". The Spectator. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
- Leader (8 August 2014). "The Guardian view on Gaza and the rise of antisemitism". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 August 2014.
- Rashty, Sandy (12 August 2014). "Culture Secretary Sajid Javid says Tricycle Theatre "misguided" over UK Jewish Film Festival boycott". The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- "The Tricycle Theatre and the UK Jewish Film Festival" (Press release). Tricycle Theatre. 5 August 2014. Retrieved 14 August 2014.
- Dysch, Marcus (15 August 2014). "Tricycle Theatre drops UK Jewish Film Festival boycott". The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
- "Tricycle Theatre in UK Jewish Film Festival U-turn". BBC News. 15 August 2015. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
- "The Tricycle Theatre and the UK Jewish Film Festival" (Press release). The Tricycle Theatre. 15 August 2014. Retrieved 29 October 2015.
- "Joint Statement with the Tricycle Theatre" (Press release). UK Jewish Film. 15 August 2014. Retrieved 29 October 2015.
- Levy, Jonathan (7 May 2015). "Sorry, we got it wrong over UKJFF". The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved 7 May 2015.