3D model (Jmol)
|Molar mass||184.37 g·mol−1|
|Odor||Gasoline-like to odorless|
|Density||0.756 g mL−1|
|Melting point||−6 to −4 °C; 21 to 25 °F; 267 to 269 K|
|Boiling point||232 to 236 °C; 449 to 457 °F; 505 to 509 K|
|Vapor pressure||100 kPa (at 59.4 °C)|
|4.3 nmol Pa−1 kg−1|
Refractive index (nD)
|406.89 J K−1 mol−1|
Std enthalpy of
|−379.3–−376.1 kJ mol−1|
Std enthalpy of
|−8.7411–−8.7383 MJ mol−1|
|GHS signal word||WARNING|
|H315, H319, H335|
EU classification (DSD)
|Flash point||94 °C (201 °F; 367 K)|
|Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):|
LD50 (median dose)
|1.161 g kg−1 (intravenous, mouse)|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Tridecane is any alkane hydrocarbon with the chemical formula C
28, or to a mixture of them. There are 802 constitutional isomers with that formula. In the IUPAC nomenclature, the name refers exclusively to one isomer, the straight-chain CH3(CH2)11CH3, also called normal or n-tridecane; the other isomers are named as derivatives of lighter hydrocarbons, as in 2,2,4,4-tetramethyl-3-t-butyl-pentane.
Tridecanes are combustible colourless liquids. In industry, they have no specific value aside from being components of various fuels and solvents. In the research laboratory, n-tridecane is sometimes also used as a distillation chaser.
Nymphs of the southern green stink bug produce n-tridecane as a dispersion/aggregation pheromone which possibly serves also as a defense against predators. It is also the main component of the defensive fluid produced by the stink bug Cosmopepla bimaculata.
- "tridecane - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 16 September 2004. Identification. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- Davidson, Scott (2002). "Fast Generation of an Alkane-Series Dictionary Ordered by Side-Chain Complexity". J. Chem. Inf. Comput. Sci. 42 (2): 147–156(10). doi:10.1021/ci010094b.
- Todd, J. W. (1989). "Ecology and behavior of Nezara viridula". Annual Review of Entomology. 34: 273–292(20). doi:10.1146/annurev.en.34.010189.001421.
- Krall, Brian S.; Bartelt, Robert J.; Lewis, Cara J.; Whitman, Douglas W. (1999). "Chemical Defense in the Stink Bug Cosmopepla bimaculata". Journal of Chemical Ecology. 25 (11): 2477–94(18). doi:10.1023/A:1020822107806.