Trientalis latifolia

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Trientalis latifolia
Trientalis borealis 1177.JPG
Trientalis borealis in Squak Mountain State Park
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Primulaceae
Genus: Trientalis
Species: T. latifolia
Binomial name
Trientalis latifolia

Trientalis latifolia[1][2][3] is a species in the genus Trientalis in the family Primulaceae. It is also known as starflower,[2][3][4] chickweed-wintergreen,[4] or Pacific starflower.[citation needed]


  • Height and spread: Low-growing, creeping perennial[4][5] reaching (5 to 30 cm (2.0 to 11.8 in)).[citation needed]
  • Roots: Tuberous,[4][5] creeping rhizomes.[5]
  • Stems: Erect,[5] 10-20cm (4-8in) high.[4]
  • Leaves: 5 to 7 whorled, lanceolate, entire leaves distributed levelly in a single group.[5]
  • Flowers: White[4][5] or pink[4] flowers are borne in April[4] or May.[4][5] Calyx (the collective term for sepals) is 5- to 9-parted and persistent. Corolla (the collective term for petals) is also 5- to 9-parted, rotate,[4][5] with a very short tube[5] and elliptic-lanceolate segments. Stamens occur in the same number as the corolla lobes (5-9)[4][5] and are positioned opposite them.[4] 1-3 Peduncles, 1-flowered, filiform, and ebracteate.[5]
  • Ovary: One-celled. Style (gynoecium) is filiform.[4]


Propagate in spring by division or seeds,[5] for which no treatment is needed, but only fresh seeds should be used.[3]


Occurs on moist, shaded[2][5] slopes in deep,[2] light[5] soil rich in organic matter,[2][5] particularly leaf mould.[5]



Trientalis is derived from the Latin triens, and is an allusion to the height of the plant, which is one third of a foot, or four inches (10.16cm) high.[4][7] Latifolia is derived from two words in Latin, latus, meaning 'broad' or 'wide', and folius, meaning 'leaved'. Latus-folius – 'broad-leaved'.[7]


  1. ^ The Plant List
  2. ^ a b c d e Howell, John Thomas. "Marin Flora: Manual of the Flowering Plants and Ferns of Marin County, California", University of California, Ltd. Copyright 1949, 1970, 1985. ISBN 0520056213, pp 217
  3. ^ a b c Emery, Dara E. "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants", 6th edition (printed 2011). Copyright 1988 Santa Barbara Botanic Garden. ISBN 0916436039
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Parsons, Mary Elizabeth "The Wild Flowers of California", illustrated by Margaret Warriner Buck. Published by Cunningham, Curtiss & Welch, San Francisco 1912. Copyright William Doxey 1897, copyright Mary Elizabeth Parsons 1902, 1906. (no ISBN for this edition)
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Chittenden, Fred J., Synge, Patrick M., editors. 1977. “The Royal Horticultural Society Dictionary of Gardening”, edn. 2, Oxford University Press. ISBN 0198691068. Volume 4, pp. 2145-2146
  6. ^ a b c USDA Plants database Trientalis latifolia
  7. ^ a b Gledhill, David (2008). "The Names of Plants". Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521866453 (hardback), ISBN 9780521685535 (paperback). pp 231, 387

External links[edit]

Media related to Trientalis latifolia at Wikimedia Commons