Trifocals are mostly used by people with advanced presbyopia who have been prescribed 2 diopters or more of reading addition. The intermediate addition is normally half the reading addition. So, for someone with a distance prescription of −4 diopters and a reading addition of +3, the reading portion of their trifocals would have a net power of −1, and the intermediate segment would be −2.5 diopters.
Trifocal lenses are made in similar styles to bifocals, but with an additional segment for intermediate vision above the reading section. A common style is the 7×28 flat-top or D-shaped segment, 28 mm wide, with a 7 mm high intermediate segment. Larger intermediate segments are available, and are particularly useful for people who spend a lot of time using computers.
Trifocals are becoming rarer as more people choose to wear progressive lenses.
Astigmatism is a widespread vision condition that can cause people to have blurred vision. It's caused by an imperfection in the cornea or lens of the eyes. Corneal astigmatism is when the cornea isn't evenly curved and smooth. Lenticular astigmatism is when the shape of the lens is distorted. Both conditions can be corrected by using toric contact lenses.
- Stein, Harold A. (2012). The Ophthalmic Assistant: A Text for Allied and Associated Ophthalmic Personnel (9th ed.). Philadelphia: Elsevier Mosby. p. 205. ISBN 978-1-4557-3346-0.
- "Contact lens for Astigmatism". Misaki. Retrieved 2019-12-21.
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