Trifolium resupinatum

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Trifolium resupinatum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Trifolium
Species: T. resupinatum
Binomial name
Trifolium resupinatum

Trifolium resupinatum (reversed clover,[1][2] Persian clover, shaftal, syn. T. resupinatum L. var. majus Boss., T. suaveolens Willd.) is an annual clover used as fodder and hay, which reaches 60 cm (24 in) tall when cultivated, and forms rosettes when grazed or mowed. It is native to central and southern Europe, the Mediterranean, and southwest Asia as far south as the Punjab. It is an important hay crop in cold regions of Iran, Afghanistan and other Asian areas with cold winters.


  • Trifolium resupinatum var. majus Boss (syn. T. suaveolens Willd.)
  • Trifolium resupinatum var. resupinatum Gib & Belli.
  • Trifolium resupinatum var. microcephalum Zoh.[3]


  1. ^ "Trifolium resupinatum". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 15 December 2015. 
  2. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-02-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  3. ^ J. M. Suttie (1999). "Trifolium resupinatum L.". Grassland Species. Food and Agriculture Organization. Retrieved May 15, 2010.