Triglochin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Arrowgrass
Triglochium palustris BotGartBln310505.JPG
Triglochin palustris
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Alismatales
Family: Juncaginaceae
Genus: Triglochin
L.
Synonyms[2]
  • Juncago Ség.
  • Lilaea Bonpl.
  • Tristemon Raf. 1819 not Raf. 1838 (Juncaceae) nor Klotzsch 1838 (Ericaceae) nor Scheele 1848 (Cucurbitaceae)[1]
  • Abbotia Raf.
  • Heterostylus Hook.
  • Hexaglochin Nieuwl.

Triglochin is a genus in the family Juncaginaceae described as a genus by Linnaeus in 1753.[3][4] It is very nearly cosmopolitan in distribution, with species on every continent except Antarctica. North America has four accepted species, two of which can also be found in Europe: Triglochin palustris (marsh arrowgrass) and Triglochin maritima (sea arrowgrass).[5][6] Australia has many more.[2][7]

The most widely used common name for the genus is arrowgrass,[8] although these plants are not really grasses. Many of the common names for species make use of the term "arrowgrass", although there are exceptions: T. procera, for example, is commonly known as water ribbons.

Arrowgrasses are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Grey Chi.

Species[2]
formerly included

now in other genera: Bulbine, Cycnogeton and Tetroncium

References[edit]

External links[edit]