Trigona (bee)

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Trigona
Irapuã - REFON.jpg
Trigona spinipes
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Apidae
Tribe: Meliponini
Genus: Trigona
Subgenera

Duckeola
Frieseomelitta
Geotrigona
Heterotrigona
Homotrigona
Lepidotrigona
Papuatrigona
Tetragonula
Tetragonisca
Trigona

Trigona is the largest genus of stingless bees, formerly including many more subgenera than the present assemblage; many of these former subgenera have been elevated to generic status.[1] There are approximately 150 species presently included in the genus, in 11 subgenera. They differ from those groups now excluded in only minor structural details, primarily of the hind leg.

Range[edit]

Trigona species occur throughout the Neotropical region and also throughout the Indo-Australian region; as presently defined, no members of the genus occur in Africa.

Vulture bees[edit]

Vulture bees consist of three Trigona species that are the only known bees not to be herbivores.

Selected species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michener, C.D. (2000). The Bees of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press
  2. ^ a b Hoshiba and Imai (1993). "Chromosome evolution of bees and wasps (Hymenoptera, Apocrita) on the basis of C-banding patterns analyses". Japan Journal of Genetics. 
  3. ^ a b c d Kleber França Costa; Rute Magalhães Brito; Carlos Suetoshi Miyazawa (2004). "Karyotypic description of four species of Trigona (Jurine, 1807) (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponini) from the State of Mato Grosso, Brazil" (PDF). Genetics and Molecular Biology. Brazilian Society of Genetics. 27 (2): 187–190. doi:10.1590/s1415-47572004000200010. 
  4. ^ "The southernmost stingless bee in the world". Aussie Bee Bulletin (1). February 1, 1997. 
  5. ^ "Stingless Bees (Trigona and Austroplebeia)". 
  6. ^ Michener, Charles D. (1946-09-01). "Notes on the Habits of Some Panamanian Stingless Bees (Hymenoptera, Apidæ)". Journal of the New York Entomological Society. 54 (3): 179–197. JSTOR 25005167. 
  7. ^ a b Tarelho, Z. V. S. (1973). Contribuição ao estudo citogenético dos Apoidea (masters thesis). University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto. 
  8. ^ "Bees in your area". 
  9. ^ Brito and Pompolo (1997). "C:G patterns and fluorochrome staining with DAPI and CMA3, in Trigona spinipes (Jurine, 1807) (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponinae)". Brazilian Journal of Genetics. 

External links[edit]