Trigonostemon

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Trigonostemon
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Crotonoideae
Tribe: Trigonostemoneae
Genus: Trigonostemon
Blume
Synonyms[3]

Trigonostemon is a plant genus of the family Euphorbiaceae and the sole member of its tribe (Trigonostemoneae). It was first described as a genus in 1826.[1][2] It is native to Southeast Asia, southern China, the Indian Subcontinent, Queensland, and a few islands in the western Pacific.[3][4][5]

Species[3]

  1. Trigonostemon adenocalyx - Vietnam
  2. Trigonostemon albiflorus - Thailand, Guangxi
  3. Trigonostemon angustifolius - Philippines
  4. Trigonostemon apetalogyne - W New Guinea
  5. Trigonostemon aurantiacus - Andaman & Nicobar Is, Thailand, Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Myanmar
  6. Trigonostemon beccarii - Sumatra
  7. Trigonostemon birmanicus - Myanmar
  8. Trigonostemon bonianus - Vietnam, Yunnan
  9. Trigonostemon capillipes - Thailand, Borneo, W Malaysia, Surigao
  10. Trigonostemon capitellatus - Laos, Vietnam
  11. Trigonostemon carnosulus - W Malaysia
  12. Trigonostemon cherrieri - New Caledonia
  13. Trigonostemon chinensis - Vietnam, S China
  14. Trigonostemon cochinchinensis - Vietnam
  15. Trigonostemon croceus - W Malaysia
  16. Trigonostemon detritiferus - Brunei
  17. Trigonostemon diffusus - Sarawak
  18. Trigonostemon diplopetalus - Sri Lanka
  19. Trigonostemon dipteranthus - Sumatra
  20. Trigonostemon eberhardtii - Vietnam
  21. Trigonostemon elegantissimus - Borneo
  22. Trigonostemon elmeri - Sabah
  23. Trigonostemon everettii - Philippines
  24. Trigonostemon filiformis - Luzon
  25. Trigonostemon flavidus - Hainan, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand
  26. Trigonostemon fragilis - Guangxi, Hainan, Vietnam
  27. Trigonostemon gaudichaudii - Vietnam
  28. Trigonostemon hartleyi - Papua New Guinea
  29. Trigonostemon heteranthus - Myanmar, Thailand, W Malaysia, Borneo, Sumatra
  30. Trigonostemon hirsutus - Philippines, Sabah, Sarawak
  31. Trigonostemon howii - Hainan, Vietnam
  32. Trigonostemon hybridus - Cambodia
  33. Trigonostemon inopinatus - Queensland
  34. Trigonostemon ionthocarpus - Sabah, Sarawak
  35. Trigonostemon kerrii - Thailand
  36. Trigonostemon laetus - Myanmar
  37. Trigonostemon laevigatus - Andaman Is.,Indochina, Philippines, Borneo, Sumatra
  38. Trigonostemon lanceolatus - Myanmar
  39. Trigonostemon laoticus - Laos
  40. Trigonostemon laxiflorus - Philippines
  41. Trigonostemon longipedunculatus - Philippines, Borneo
  42. Trigonostemon longipes - Philippines
  43. Trigonostemon magnificus - Sumatra
  44. Trigonostemon malaccanus - W Malaysia, N Sumatra
  45. Trigonostemon matangensis - Sarawak
  46. Trigonostemon matanginsu - Sarawak
  47. Trigonostemon merrillii - Philippines, Sabah
  48. Trigonostemon murtonii - Thailand, Vietnam
  49. Trigonostemon nemoralis - SW India, Sri Lanka
  50. Trigonostemon nigrifolius - Myanmar
  51. Trigonostemon oblanceolatus - Philippines
  52. Trigonostemon pachyphyllus - S Thailand
  53. Trigonostemon pentandrus - W Malaysia
  54. Trigonostemon philippinensis - Philippines, Borneo, Sumatra
  55. Trigonostemon phyllocalyx - Thailand, Vietnam
  56. Trigonostemon pierrei - Phú Quốc Island
  57. Trigonostemon poilanei - Vietnam
  58. Trigonostemon polyanthus - Philippines, Borneo
  59. Trigonostemon praetervisus - N Bangladesh
  60. Trigonostemon quocensis - Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand, Myanmar
  61. Trigonostemon reidioides - Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand, Myanmar, Laos
  62. Trigonostemon rubescens - Laos, Cambodia
  63. Trigonostemon rufescens- W Malaysia
  64. Trigonostemon salicifolius - Selangor
  65. Trigonostemon sandakanensis - Sabah
  66. Trigonostemon sanguineus - Vietnam
  67. Trigonostemon semperflorens - Assam, Bangladesh
  68. Trigonostemon serratus - Bali, Java
  69. Trigonostemon sinclairii - W Malaysia
  70. Trigonostemon stellaris - Vietnam
  71. Trigonostemon stenophyllus - Luzon
  72. Trigonostemon sunirmalii - Myanmar
  73. Trigonostemon thorelii - Laos
  74. Trigonostemon thyrsoideus - S China, Indochina
  75. Trigonostemon tuberculatus - Yunnan
  76. Trigonostemon verrucosus - Java
  77. Trigonostemon verticillatus - S Thailand, W Malaysia, Sumatra
  78. Trigonostemon villosus - W Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, Nicobar Is
  79. Trigonostemon viridissimus - Assam, Andaman Is, W Malaysia, Sumatra, Myanmar, Bali
  80. Trigonostemon voratus - Fiji
  81. Trigonostemon wenzelii - Leyte
  82. Trigonostemon wetriifolius - W Malaysia
  83. Trigonostemon whiteanus - Philippines
  84. Trigonostemon xyphophylloides - Hainan
formerly included

moved to other genera (Cleidion Croton Dimorphocalyx Omphalea Paracroton Wetria )

  1. T. arboreus - Omphalea malayana
  2. T. asahanensis - Dimorphocalyx muricatus
  3. T. beddomei - Dimorphocalyx beddomei
  4. T. bulusanensis - Dimorphocalyx bulusanensis
  5. T. cumingii - Dimorphocalyx cumingii
  6. T. forbesii - Wetria insignis
  7. T. lawianus - Croton lawianus
  8. T. macrophyllus - Paracroton pendulus
  9. T. oliganthus - Cleidion papuanum
  10. T. zeylanicus - Paracroton pendulus subsp. zeylanicus

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Blume, Carl Ludwig von. 1826. Bijdragen tot de flora van Nederlandsch Indië 600 in Latin
  2. ^ a b Tropicos
  3. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  4. ^ Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  5. ^ Flora of China Vol. 11 Page 168, 272 三宝木属 san bao mu shu Trigonostemon Blume, Bijdr. 600. 1826.