A trihydroxyanthraquinone or trihydroxyanthracenedione is any of several isomeric organic compounds with formula C
5, formally derived from anthraquinone by replacing three hydrogen atoms by hydroxyl groups. They include several historically important dyes. The isomers may differ in the parent anthraquinone isomer and/or of the three hydroxyl groups.
In general there are 56 ways of choosing three out of the 8 hydrogens. However, if the underlying core is symmetrical, some of these choices will give identical molecules.
Due to the symmetry of the 9,10-anthraquinone core, there are only 14 isomers.
- 1,2,3-Trihydroxyanthraquinone (anthragallol)
- 1,2,4-Trihydroxyanthraquinone (purpurin), a component of madder root dye.
- 1,2,5-Trihydroxyanthraquinone (oxyanthrarufin)
- 1,2,6-Trihydroxyanthraquinone (flavopurpurin)
- 1,2,7-Trihydroxyanthraquinone (isopurpurin, anthrapurpurin)
- 1,2,8-Trihydroxyanthraquinone (oxychrysazin)
- Wahl, Andre; Atack, F. W (1919) The Manufacture Of Organic Dyestuffs. G. Bell And Sons, Limited. Online version accessed on 2010-01-22.
- Hugh Alister McGuigan (1921), An introduction to chemical pharmacology; pharmacodynamics in relation to chemistry. P. Blakiston's son, Philadelphia. Online version at archive.org, accessed on 2010-01-30.
- CRC (1996), Dictionary of organic compounds, Volume 1 CRC Press Online version at books.google.com, accessed on 2010-01-22.
- M. L. Crossley (1918), 1,4,6-TRIHYDROXYANTHRAQUINONE J. Am. Chem. Soc., volume 40 issue 2, pages 404–406 doi:10.1021/ja02235a011
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