Trillium foetidissimum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Trillium foetidissimum
Trillium foetidissimum.jpg

Apparently Secure (NatureServe)[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Melanthiaceae
Genus: Trillium
Species: T. foetidissimum
Binomial name
Trillium foetidissimum
J. D. Freeman, 1975
  • Trillium foetidissimum f. luteum J.D.Freeman

Trillium foetidissimum, the Mississippi River wakerobin[3] or fetid trillium, is a perennial wildflower which blooms from early March to early April.[4]

Trillium foetidissimum is found along the LouisianaMississippi border in a variety of habitats.


The plant is brown colored with horizontal rhizomes and bracts. It carries 1-2 scapes which are 0.8–2.8 decimetres (3.1–11.0 in) from green to maroon colored and are round at cross section. Leaves are either light or bronze-green in color. Sepals are located above the bracts and are green colored, horizontal, and lanceolate. They are 16–40 millimetres (0.63–1.57 in) long and 4–6 millimetres (0.16–0.24 in) wide and are thick. Petals are erect while apex is acute. Flaments are 3–6 millimetres (0.12–0.24 in) long and are dark maroon in color while stamens are 9–25 millimetres (0.35–0.98 in) and are both erect and prominent. Anthlers are straight, 8–15 millimetres (0.31–0.59 in) long, and are blackish-maroon in color. The species also have erect and ovate ovary which is 5–12 millimetres (0.20–0.47 in) long and is reddish-purple in color. Stigma is also erect and dark purple in color but is subulate and fleshy unlike the ovary. The flower is sessile, of a maroon color fading to brown with narrow lanceolate petals. It emits a smell of rotting meat to attract insect pollinators, hence the name. Its leaves are strongly mottled. The flower turns to a purple-brown berry in autumn.[4]


  1. ^ "Trillium foetidissimum". NatureServe Explorer. NatureServe. Retrieved June 14, 2008. 
  2. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ "Trillium foetidissimum". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 15 December 2015. 
  4. ^ a b Flora of North America, Stinking trillium, fetid trillium, Trillium foetidissimum

External links[edit]