Trillium rugelii

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Trillium rugelii
Trillium rugelii.jpg

Vulnerable (NatureServe)[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Melanthiaceae
Genus: Trillium
Species: T. rugelii
Binomial name
Trillium rugelii
Rendle, 1901

Trillium rugelii, the illscented wakerobin,[2] or southern nodding trillium, is a spring flowering perennial plant which is native to parts of the southeastern United States. Like a few other trillium species (T. catesbaei, T. cernuum, T. vaseyi and some T. flexipes), it hangs its flower below the leaves. It prefers to grow near streams in humus-rich soil under the shade of deciduous trees. It is in the Great Smoky Mountains,[3] Fernbank Forest, Steven's Creek Heritage Preserve, and other places of the Piedmont and southern Appalachian Mountains in Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina and Tennessee.

In the past, many authors cited specimens as T. cernuum, which has a similar though smaller flower with shorter stamens and thinner petals. Also, T. cernuum grows farther north and is less robust.

Status[edit]

As of 2009 the species is endangered in Tennessee[4] Georgia, and other parts of the United States.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Trillium rugelii". NatureServe Explorer. NatureServe. Retrieved May 3, 2008. 
  2. ^ "Trillium rugelii". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 15 December 2015. 
  3. ^ Tim Johnson (1998). CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference. CRC Press. p. 852. ISBN 0-8493-1187-X. LCCN 98-40036. 
  4. ^ Edward W. Chester; B. Eugene Wofford; Dwayne Estes; Claude Bailey (2009). Barney Lipscomb, ed. A Fifth Checklist of Tennessee Vascular Plants. Botanical Research Institute of Texas. p. 18. ISBN 978-1889878-26-3. 
  5. ^ Linda G. Chafin (2007). Field Guide to the Rare Plants of Georgia. University of Georgia/The State Botanical Garden of Georgia. p. 409. ISBN 978-0-9779621-1-2. LCCN 2006036364.