Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus andersoni

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Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus andersoni
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Viperidae
Genus: Trimeresurus
Species: T. purpureomaculatus
Subspecies: T. p. andersoni
Trinomial name
Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus andersoni
Theobald, 1868
  • T[rimeresurus]. Andersoni Theobald, 1868
  • T[rimeresurus]. obscurus Theobald, 1868
  • Crotalus Trimeres[urus]. Andersonii – Higgins, 1873
  • Trimeresurus andersonii
    Boulenger, 1890
  • Trimeresurus acutimentalis
    F. Werner, 1926
  • Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus andersoni M.A. Smith, 1943[1]
  • Trimeresurus andersonii
    – Gumprecht et al., 2004
  • Cryptelytrops andersonii
    – Malhotra & Thorpe, 2004
  • Trimeresurus (Trimeresurus) andersonii – David et al., 2011[2]
Common names: Nicobar mangrove pit viper,[3] Anderson's pitviper.[4]

Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus andersoni is a venomous pitviper subspecies[1] endemic to the Andaman Islands of India.



The specific name, andersonii, is in honor of Scottish zoologist John Anderson, who worked in India 1864-1886 and was the first curator of the Indian Museum in Calcutta (now called Kolkata).

Geographic range[edit]

It is found only in the Andaman Islands of India. The type locality given by Theobald (1868) is "No record", which was restricted to "Andaman Islands" by Regenass and Kramer (1981).[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. ^ The Reptile Database.
  3. ^ Mehrtens JM. 1987. Living Snakes of the World in Color. New York: Sterling Publishers. 480 pp. ISBN 0-8069-6460-X.
  4. ^ Gumprecht A, Tillack F, Orlov NL, Captain A, Ryabov S. 2004. Asian Pitvipers. Geitje Books. Berlin. 1st Edition. 368 pp. ISBN 3-937975-00-4.

Further reading[edit]

  • Das, I. 1999. Biogeography of the amphibians and reptiles of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. In: Ota, H. (ed). Tropical Island herpetofauna..., Elsevier, pp. 43–77.
  • Malhotra, A., & R.S. Thorpe. 1996. New perspectives on the evolution of south-east Asian Pit Vipers (genus Trimeresurus) from molecular studies. In: Thorpe, R.S., W. Wüster and A. Malhotra (eds).Venomous snakes: ecology, evolution and snakebite. The Zoological Society of London/Clarendon Press, Oxford. pp. 115–128. [1997]
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-region. Reptilia and Amphibia. Vol. III.—Serpentes. Secretary of State for India. (Taylor and Francis, Printers.) London. xii + 583 pp. (Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus andersoni, pp. 521–522.)
  • Theobald, W. 1868. Catalogue of Reptiles in the Museum of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal 37 ("Extra Number"): vi + 7-88. ("Trimeresurus Andersoni", pp. 75–76.).

External links[edit]