Trincomalee Harbour

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This article is about the seaport. For the geographic feature, see Trincomalee Bay.
Trincomalee Harbour
Sri Lanka Navy troop transport catamaran.JPG
Naval ship at Trincomalee
Country Sri Lanka
Location Trincomalee
Coordinates 08°34′01″N 81°13′52″E / 8.56694°N 81.23111°E / 8.56694; 81.23111Coordinates: 08°34′01″N 81°13′52″E / 8.56694°N 81.23111°E / 8.56694; 81.23111
Opened Pre-Independence
Land area 5261 hectares[1]

Trincomalee Harbour is a seaport in Trincomalee Bay or Koddiyar Bay, a large natural harbour situated on the north-east cost of Sri Lanka.

Located by Trincomalee, Sri Lanka in the heart of the Indian Ocean, its strategic importance has shaped its recent history. There have been many sea battles to control the harbour. The Portuguese, Dutch, French, and the English have each held it in turn. In 1942 the Japanese Imperial Navy attacked Trincomalee harbour and sunk three British warship anchored there.


Trincomalee Harbour, formerly a British Naval Base, was taken over by the Sri Lankan Government in 1956 to be developed as a Commercial Port. The base in Trincomalee was fitted out to perform slipway repairs for the Navy.[2]

The harbour is being developed for bulk and break bulk cargo and port related industrial activities including heavy industries, tourism and agriculture etc. At present SLPA is in the process to re-develop Trincomalee as a metropolis growth center.[2]


The harbour, the second largest natural harbour in the world, is overlooked by terraced highlands, and its entrance is guarded by two headlands.[3] The harbour has 1630 hectares of water, while the entrance channel is 500 metres wide.[1] The bay includes the first of a number submarine canyons, making Trincomalee one of the finest deep-sea harbours in the world.[4]

Port facilities and operation[edit]

Trincomalee Habour

The Port of Trincomalee works on a 24-hour basis. It is open every day of the year, except on May Day, when only day light navigation is open.[1]

Port dimensions[edit]

Water - 1,630 ha (4,000 acres)

Entrance channel - 500 m (1,600 ft)

Land Area - 5,261 ha (13,000 acres)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Port of Trincomalee". Sri Lanka Port Authority. Retrieved 2012-01-19. 
  2. ^ a b "Sri Lanka Navy - Trincomalee Harbor". Retrieved 2015-10-25. 
  3. ^ Trinco Harbour will be developed next – SLPA Chief, Ceylon Today dated 5/02/2013
  4. ^ Stoddart, David (1996-12-26). Process and Form in Geomorphology. Routledge (UK). ISBN 0-415-10527-7. 

External links[edit]