Trinidadians and Tobagonians

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Trinidadians and Tobagonians
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg
Total population
c. 1.7 million
Regions with significant populations
 Trinidad and Tobago        1,363,985 (2019)[1]
 United States223,639 (2013 est.) [2]
 Canada68,225 (2011)[3]
 United Kingdom25,000 (2013 est.)[4]
Trinidadian and Tobagonian English, Trinidadian English Creole, Tobagonian English Creole, Trinidadian Hindustani, Antillean French Creole, Chinese, Arabic, Spanish[6][7]
Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Spiritual Baptist, Baháʼí, Orisha-Shango (Yoruba), Rastafari, Traditional African religions, Afro-American religions, Judaism, Buddhism, Chinese folk religions, Sikhism, Others
Related ethnic groups
Indo-Trinidadian and Tobagonian, Afro-Trinidadians and Tobagonians, Chinese Trinidadian and Tobagonian, European Trinidadian and Tobagonian, Creoles, Douglas, Cocoa panyols, Island Caribs, Arawaks, Arabs, Hispanics-Latin Americans, Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans, Trinidadian and Tobagonian Canadians, Trinidadian and Tobagonian British, Indo-Caribbean, Indo-Caribbean Americans, British Indo-Caribbean people, Afro-Caribbean, British African-Caribbean people, Caribbean people

Trinidadians and Tobagonians, colloquially known as Trinis or Trinbagonians, are the people who are identified with the country of Trinidad and Tobago. The country is home to people of many different national, ethnic and religious origins. As a result, Trinidadians do not equate their nationality with race and ethnicity, but with citizenship, identification with the islands as whole, or either Trinidad or Tobago specifically. Although citizens make up the majority of Trinidadians, there is a substantial number of Trinidadian expatriates, dual citizens and descendants living worldwide, chiefly elsewhere in the Anglosphere.


The total population of Trinidad and Tobago was 1,328,019 according to the 2011 census,[8] an increase of 5.2 per cent since the 2000 census. According to the 2012 revision of the World Population Prospects the total population was estimated at 1,328,000 in 2010, compared to only 646,000 in 1950. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 20.7 per cent, 71 per cent was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 8.3 per cent was 65 years or older.[9]

Ethnic groups[edit]

The ethnic composition of Trinidad and Tobago reflects a history of conquest and immigration.[10] While the earliest inhabitants were of Amerindian heritage, since the 20th century the two dominant groups in the country were those of South Asian and of African heritage.

Indians-South Asian[edit]

Indo-Trinidadian and Tobagonians make up the country's largest ethnic group (approximately 37.6 percent). They are primarily descendants from indentured workers from South Asia and India, brought to replace freed African slaves who refused to continue working on the sugar plantations from other Islands. Through cultural preservation residents of Indian descent continue to maintain traditions from their ancestral homeland.[citation needed]

Sub-Saharan African[edit]

Afro-Trinidadians and Tobagonians make up the country's second largest ethnic group, with approximately 36.3 percent of the population. Afro-Trinidadians are the descendants of enslaved West and Central Africans brought to the islands by multiple European parties through the trans-Atlantic slave trade. However, a good percentage of the Black population are descendants of people enslaved on other islands of the Caribbean, and later migrated to Trinidad and Tobago for various reasons. Especially Martinique, Guadeloupe, Saint Vincent and Grenada. Other Afro-Trinidadians trace their ancestry to American slaves recruited to fight for the British in the War of 1812 or from indentured labourers from West Africa.[citation needed]

Other origins[edit]

Chinese, Amerindians, Europeans, Arabs, Hispanic/Latinos, Douglas (mixed Indian and African), multiracial people, and Jews, reside in Trinidad and Tobago.[citation needed]


Emigration from Trinidad and Tobago, as with other Caribbean nations, has historically been high; most emigrants go to the United States, Canada, and Britain. Emigration has continued, albeit at a lower rate, even as the birth-rate sharply dropped to levels typical of industrialised countries. Largely because of this phenomenon, as of 2011, Trinidad and Tobago has been experiencing a low population growth rate (0.48 per cent).[citation needed]

Famous Trinidadians and Tobagonians[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ (CSO), Central Statistical Office. "Home".
  2. ^ Results   American Fact Finder (US Census Bureau)
  3. ^ "2011 National Household Survey: Data tables". 8 May 2013. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  4. ^ "Estimated overseas-born population resident in the United Kingdom by sex, by country of birth (Table 1.4)". Office for National Statistics. 28 August 2014. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  5. ^ a b c d "Trinidad y Tobago - Emigrantes totales".
  6. ^ "Trinidad and Tobago". Ethnologue.
  7. ^ "The languages spoken in Trinidad and Tobago".
  8. ^ Trinidad and Tobago 2011 Population and Housing Census Demographic Report Archived 2 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ "World Population Prospects: The 2012 Revision". Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat. Archived from the original on 17 April 2014.
  10. ^ ""Trouble in paradise". BBC News. 1 May 2002.