Trinitramide

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Trinitramide
Structural formula of trinitramide
Space-filling model of trinitramide
Names
IUPAC name
N,N-Dinitronitramide
Other names
Trinitroamine
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
Properties
N4O6
Molar mass 152.02 g·mol−1
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Trinitramide is a compound of nitrogen and oxygen with the molecular formula N(NO2)3. The compound was detected and described in 2010 by researchers at the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) in Sweden.[1] It is made of a nitrogen atom bonded to three nitro groups(-NO2).

Earlier, there had been speculation[by whom?] whether trinitramide could exist.[need quotation to verify] Theoretical calculations by Montgomery and Michels in 1993 showed that the compound was likely to be stable.[2]

Trinitramide has a potential use as one of the most efficient and least polluting of rocket propellant oxidizers, as it is chlorine-free.[3] This is potentially an important development, because the Tsiolkovsky rocket equation implies that even small improvements in rocket delta-v can make large improvements in the size of practical rocket launch payloads. The density impulse (impulse per volume) of a trinitramide based propellant could be 20 to 30 per cent better than most existing formulations,[4] however the specific impulse (impulse per mass) of formulations with liquid oxygen is higher.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rahm Martin (2010). "Experimental Detection of Trinitramide, N(NO2)3". Angewandte Chemie International Edition. 50 (5): 1145–1148. doi:10.1002/anie.201007047.
  2. ^ J. A. Montgomery Jr. & H. H. Michels (July 1993). "Structure and stability of trinitramide". Journal of Physical Chemistry. 97 (26): 6774–6775. doi:10.1021/j100128a005.
  3. ^ Discovery of New Molecule Could Lead to More Efficient Rocket Fuel, Science Daily, 2010-12-22, accessed 2011-01-03.
  4. ^ http://www.rsc.org/chemistryworld/News/2011/January/07011103.asp
  5. ^ http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/store/10.1002/anie.201007047/asset/supinfo/anie_201007047_sm_miscellaneous_information.pdf?v=1&s=2b7789919ea7a0858400749fd4a8859942236a1e