Trinity Cathedral (Pittsburgh)

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Trinity Cathedral
Pittsburgh trinitychurch.jpg
Trinity Cathedral is located in Pittsburgh
Trinity Cathedral
Trinity Cathedral
Location of Trinity Cathedral in Pittsburgh
40°26′29″N 79°59′55″W / 40.4413°N 79.9987°W / 40.4413; -79.9987Coordinates: 40°26′29″N 79°59′55″W / 40.4413°N 79.9987°W / 40.4413; -79.9987
Location 322 Sixth Avenue, Downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Built 1872
Architect Gordon W. Lloyd
Architectural style(s) Gothic Revival
Governing body Episcopal Church
Website www.trinitycathedralpgh.org
Designated 1970
Administration
Diocese Diocese of Pittsburgh
Clergy
Bishop(s) Rt. Rev. Dorsey W.M. McConnell
Dean Very Rev. Scott T. Quinn

Trinity Cathedral is an Episcopal Church in downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and is the cathedral for the Episcopal Diocese of Pittsburgh.[1]

The present Gothic church was completed in 1872 on the site of a hilltop cemetery on land deeded by heirs of Pennsylvania founder William Penn to the congregation's founders.[2] The site, centered on a terrace above the historic "point" (where the Allegheny River and the Monongahela River join to form the Ohio River) was sacred to Native Americans as a burial ground. The Trinity Churchyard has the oldest marked graves west of the Atlantic Seaboard, of both Native American leaders, French, English, and American colonists.[3]

1780s Round Church[edit]

The first Trinity Church was built two blocks to the west of this burial ground at the base of the hill or terrace initially. It was constructed from the 1780s to 1805. This first church was a brick building, octagonal in shape in the meeting-house style of architecture. It was known as “The Round Church.”[4] It was situated on a sort of triangular lot with streets on each of the three sides, so that enlargement was out of the question."[5]

1824 Cathedral[edit]

In 1824, Trinity moved to its current site in the middle of the terrace churchyard with what is regarded as the first Gothic structure in Western Pennsylvania. John Henry Hopkins was the architect for the new building. He designed it to seat a thousand people. Hopkins' plans were adopted by the Vestry without alteration. On May 1, the feast of S. Philip and S. James, the corner-stone was laid. The building was "brick, roughcast on the outside." The Church was wide, with galleries on three sides, supported by slender cluster. The ceiling was "painted in imitation fan-vaulting."[6] The growing congregation built St. Peter as a chapel of ease. However, in 1869 the growing congregation erected a new structure.[7]

Current Cathedral[edit]

The current cathedral was completed in 1872. It was the tallest building in the city until the construction of the Allegheny County Courthouse in 1888.

The cathedral was designed by architect Gordon W. Lloyd in 1870-71 with an exterior featuring English Gothic Style that was favored by mid-Victorian Episcopalians including a single central steeple and side transepts. The interior features a tall nave flanked by aisles and lit by clerestory windows. The nave walls are supported by clustered stone columns, and the austere interior ornamentation, in which the pointed arch predominates, is reminiscent of the work of the American Gothicist Richard Upjohn. Some of the stained glass windows in the nave were destroyed in a fire in 1967, and were replaced by new ones in a medieval style. All other windows date from 1872. The carved stone pulpit was built in 1922 to the design of the renowned American architect Bertram G. Goodhue.[8]

In 2007, the cathedral exterior was cleaned for the first time in preparation for the Episcopal Diocese of Pittsburgh's 250th anniversary. The cleaning removed remnants of industrial soot dating to Pittsburgh's steel making days. The grime was causing acid runoff to deteriorate the exterior stonework.[9]

Anglican Realignment[edit]

On November 2, 2007, the convention of the Episcopal Diocese of Pittsburgh approved a first reading of changes to the diocesan constitution and canons designed to seceed from the Episcopal Church as part of global Anglican realignment. The decision was affirmed by a second vote in October 2008 resulting in schism.

In preparation for the October 2008 schism, the Cathedral Chapter adopted a special resolution on July 24, 2008. It stated the Cathedral Chapter's intention "...neither to withdraw from The Episcopal Church nor to withdraw from a realigned Diocese of Pittsburgh."[10] Over the next three years, the cathedral continued to be led by the Rev. Dr. Catherine Brall as Canon Provost and included elected representatives from both the rump and breakaway dioceses and the cathedral's lay delegate had voice and vote in both the Episcopal and realigned Anglican diocesan conventions.[11] The arrangement was terminated on December 15, 2011, when the Cathedral Chapter voted to reaffirm its original 1928 articles of incorporation which specified that Trinity Cathedral was an Episcopal congregation.[12] That vote constituted a repudiation of the Special Resolution adopted in 2008 restoring the cathedral's service solely as the seat of the Episcopal Bishop of Pittsburgh.

In June 2015, Bishop Dorsey W. M. McConnell restored Trinity Cathedral to the center of diocesan life by relocating diocesan offices to the downtown cathedral from the suburb of Monroeville. During the tumultuous realignment, diocesan offices were located in the Oliver Building between 1999-2009 and the Jonnet Building in Monroeville from 2009 to 2015.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Constitution and Canons, Rules of Order, Financial Regulations, Growth Fund, Declaration of Trust" (PDF). July 1, 2011: 14. Episcopal Diocese of Pittsburgh. Retrieved January 8, 2017. 
  2. ^ Deasy, Deborah (November 29, 2010). "Old Pittsburgh Churches are a Sight to See". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. Retrieved January 7, 2017. 
  3. ^ Deasy, Deborah (November 29, 2010). "Old Pittsburgh Churches are a Sight to See". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. Retrieved January 7, 2017. 
  4. ^ The Round Church
  5. ^ John Henry Hopkins, Jr. (One of His Sons), The Life of the Late Right Reverend John Henry Hopkins, First Bishop of Vermont, and Seventh Presiding Bishop. (F. J. Huntington and Co., 1873), 70.
  6. ^ John Henry Hopkins, Jr. (One of His Sons), The Life of the Late Right Reverend John Henry Hopkins, First Bishop of Vermont, and Seventh Presiding Bishop. (F. J. Huntington and Co., 1873), 72-73.
  7. ^ 1824 Move.
  8. ^ "Pittsburgh Church Architecture". Visit Pittsburgh. Greater Pittsburgh Convention & Visitors Bureau. Retrieved January 7, 2017. 
  9. ^ McCune, Sara (June 25, 2007). "Landmark Downtown cathedral gets its first cleaning– Episcopal house of worship was being damaged by acid runoff whenever it rained". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved January 7, 2017. 
  10. ^ Chapter of Trinity Cathedral. "Special Resolution of Trinity Cathedral, Pittsburgh" (PDF). Lionel Deimel’s Farrago. Lionel Deimel. Retrieved January 7, 2017. 
  11. ^ Bonner, Jeremy. "Barchester Redivivus: A Tale of A Cathedral, A Resolution and Human Frailty (January 5, 2012)". Catholic and Reformed. Retrieved January 7, 2017. 
  12. ^ Chapter of Trinity Cathedral. "Special Resolution of Trinity Cathedral, Pittsburgh" (PDF). Lionel Deimel’s Farrago. Lionel Deimel. Retrieved January 7, 2017. 
  13. ^ "Return to Trinity Cathedral". Episcopal Diocese of Pittsburgh. Retrieved January 7, 2017. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Harriss, Helen L. 1999. Trinity & Pittsburgh: The History of Trinity Cathedral. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Trinity Cathedral. x + 214 pp. + 12 pp. of color photographs.

External links[edit]