|The Library of Trinity College Dublin|
|Location||College Street, Dublin 2, Ireland|
|Items collected||Books, journals, newspapers, magazines, sound and music recordings, databases, maps, prints and manuscripts|
|Size||c. 7,000,000 volumes|
|Criteria for collection||Acquisition through purchase, bequest and legal deposit|
|Legal deposit||Republic of Ireland (Copyright and Related Rights Act, 2000) and United Kingdom (Legal Deposit Libraries Act 2003)|
|Access and use|
|Access requirements||Staff, graduates (reading privileges only) and students of the university. Other readers admitted under cross-institutional arrangements, or if material is unavailable elsewhere. Old Library and Library Gift Shop open to public|
|Director||College Librarian and Archivist Helen Shenton|
The Library of Trinity College Dublin (Irish: Leabharlann Choláiste na Tríonóide) serves Trinity College. It is a legal deposit or "copyright library", under which, publishers in Ireland must deposit a copy of all their publications there, without charge. It is the only Irish library to hold such rights for works published in the United Kingdom.
The Library is the permanent home to the Brian Boru harp which is a national symbol of Ireland, a copy of the 1916 Proclamation of the Irish Republic, and the Book of Kells. One of the four volumes of the Book of Kells is on public display at any given time. The volumes and pages shown are regularly changed; a new display case installed in 2020 facilitated all pages to be displayed including many which had not been seen in public for several decades. Members of the University of Dublin also have access to the libraries of Tallaght University Hospital and the Irish School of Ecumenics, Milltown.
- The oldest library building, now known as the Old Library, is Thomas Burgh's magnum opus. Construction began in 1712. A large building which took twenty years to complete in its original form, it towered over the university and city after its completion in 1732. Even today, surrounded by similarly scaled buildings, it is imposing and dominates the view of the university from Nassau Street. The Book of Kells is located in the Old Library, along with the Book of Durrow, the Garland of Howth and other ancient texts. Also incorporating the Long Room, the Old Library is one of Ireland's biggest tourist attractions and holds thousands of rare, and in many cases very early, volumes. In the 18th century, the college received the Brian Boru harp, one of the three surviving medieval Gaelic harps, and a national symbol of Ireland, which is now housed in the Library. Housed within the Old Library are:
- Early Printed Books and Special Collections.
- Manuscripts & Archives.
- The Berkeley/Lecky/Ussher (BLU) Libraries complex, incorporating:
- The Berkeley Library, in Fellows' Square. Designed by Paul Koralek of ABK Architects, an imposing Brutalist structure opened in 1967 as the "New Library". The Berkeley name was adopted in 1978. In April 2023, the college decided to "dename" the library due to the fact that Berkeley owned and worked slaves on his property in Rhode Island. The library will be renamed in the future.
- The Lecky Library, attached to the Arts Building. Also designed by ABK, officially opened in 1978.
- The Ussher Library, overlooking College Park. Designed by McCullough Mulvin Architects, officially opened in 2003.
- The Glucksman Map Library.
- The Preservation and Conservation Department.
- The Hamilton Science and Engineering Library, located within the Hamilton Building.
- The 1937 Reading Room (for postgraduate use).
- The John Stearne Medical Library (JSML), housed at St James's Hospital.
Further materials are held in storage in Stacks, either in closed access within College or at a book depository in the Dublin suburb of Santry.
The Library began with the founding of Trinity College in 1592. In 1661, Henry Jones presented it with the Book of Kells, its most famous manuscript. James Ussher (1625–56), Archbishop of Armagh, whose most important works were Veterum Epistolarum Hibernicarum Sylloge (1632) and Brittanicarum Ecclesiarum Antiquitates (1639), left his valuable library, comprising several thousand printed books and manuscripts, to the Library. His complete works were published by the Library in twenty-four volumes.
Legal deposit library status
In accordance with the Copyright and Related Rights Act 2000, the library is entitled, along with the National Library of Ireland and the libraries of the National University of Ireland, the University of Limerick, and Dublin City University, to receive a copy of all works published in the Republic of Ireland.
Also, as a result of the British Legal Deposit Libraries Act 2003, which continues a more ancient right dating from 1801, the Library is entitled, along with the Bodleian Library at Oxford, Cambridge University Library, the National Library of Wales and the National Library of Scotland, to receive a copy on request of all works published in the United Kingdom. Many works are now being received electronically rather than in print under new UK regulations which came into force in April 2013.
The 65-metre-long (213 ft) main chamber of the Old Library, the Long Room, was built between 1712 and 1732 and houses 200,000 of the Library's oldest books. Initially, The Long Room had a flat ceiling, shelving for books only on the lower level, and an open gallery. By the 1850s the room had to be expanded as the shelves were filled due to the fact that the Library had been given permission to obtain a free copy of every book that had been published in Ireland and Britain. In 1860, The Long Room's roof was raised to accommodate an upper gallery. The Long Room is lined with marble busts. The marble bust collection was formed when 14 busts from the sculptor Peter Scheemakers were acquired by the college. Many of the busts are of great philosophers, writers, and men who supported the college. The most outstanding bust in the collection is of the writer Jonathan Swift, created by Louis François Roubiliac.
In November 2020, Trinity College announced the addition of four marble busts featuring female scholars: Rosalind Franklin, Ada Lovelace, Augusta Gregory, and Mary Wollstonecraft. Notably, it is "the first time in over a century that Trinity has commissioned new sculptures for the Long Room of the Old Library." Following the unveiling, Trinity archivist Helen Shenton remarked, “As the first woman Librarian in the College’s 428-year history, I am especially delighted to champion this initiative to address the historic inequity in the Long Room.”
The Long Room also holds one of the last remaining copies of the 1916 Proclamation of the Irish Republic. This proclamation was read by Patrick Pearse near the General Post Office on 24 April 1916. Visitors may also view the Trinity College harp (also known as the "Brian Boru harp") in the Long Room that is the oldest of its kind in Ireland dating back to the 15th century. The harp is made out of oak and willow and includes 29 brass strings.
Beginning in 2022, the Long Room will be closed to the public as Trinity librarians undergo a €90m restoration project, utilizing €25m of government funding. The project is said to have "taken on a degree of urgency following the catastrophic fire which destroyed Notre-Dame de Paris cathedral in 2019." Accordingly, the project will prioritize the modernization of environmental control and fire protection measures.
In popular culture
The Jedi archives of the Jedi Temple in the movie Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones bear a startling resemblance to the Long Room of the Trinity College Library. This resemblance resulted in controversy as permission had not been sought to use the building's likeness in the film. However, Lucasfilm denied that the Long Room was the basis for the Jedi archives, and officials from Trinity College Library decided not to take any legal action.
- "College Administrative, Executive and other Officers". College Calendar, Trinity College Dublin (PDF). 2022. p. H11.
- "Legal Deposit (Copyright Libraries)". Trinity College Dublin. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
- "The Old Library and the Book of Kells". Retrieved 11 November 2021.
- "Trinity unveils New Book of Kells Treasury and Display Case". Tcd.ie. 14 September 2020. Retrieved 11 November 2021.
- "Trinity College Dublin to dename the Berkeley Library" (Press release). Trinity College Library. 26 April 2023.
- "History of the Library". Tcd.ie. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
- Copyright and Related Rights Act 2000, s. 198: Delivery of certain materials to libraries (No. 28 of 2000, s. 198). Enacted on 10 July 2000. Act of the Oireachtas. Retrieved from Irish Statute Book.
- O'Keeffe, Hazel; Gaffney, John (2005). "The Copyright and Related Rights Act 2000". The Journal of World Intellectual Property. 5 (4): 613–629. doi:10.1111/j.1747-1796.2002.tb00175.x.
- "Legal Deposit Libraries Act 2003: Section 13", legislation.gov.uk, The National Archives, 30 October 2003, c. 28 (s. 13)
- "Electronic Legal Deposit (UK)". The Library of Trinity College Dublin. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
- "The Long Room". Tcd.ie. Retrieved 20 April 2017.
- "Four statues of female scholars to be added to the Long Room". 26 November 2020.
- "Trinity College to move 750,000 books during restoration of Old Library". The Irish Times.
- O’Loughlin, Ed (28 May 2022). "An Irish National Treasure Gets Set for a Long-Needed Restoration". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 29 May 2022.
- Williams, Eoghan (29 September 2002). "Trinity to strike back at return of the Jedi". The Irish Independent. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
- "Jedi Archives Clones Long Room, Trinity Attacks". Archiseek. 6 October 2002. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
- Power, Ed. "Foundation: It stars Jared Harris, was filmed in Ireland and cost $45m to make. So is it any good?". The Irish Times. Retrieved 5 October 2021.
- Fox, Peter Treasures of the Library: Trinity College Dublin. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy, 1986 ISBN 978-0-901714-45-9
- Fox, Peter. Trinity College Library Dublin: A History (Cambridge University Press, 2014).
- Fox, Peter "The Librarians of Trinity College", in: Vincent Kinane, Anne Walsh, eds., Essays on the History of Trinity College Library, Dublin. Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2000 ISBN 1-85182-467-7
- Rogers, Charles. "Notes in the History of Sir Jerome Alexander, Second Justice of the Court of Common Pleas, and Founder of the Alexander Library, Trinity College Dublin." Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 1 (1872): 220–40. doi:10.2307/3677907 online.
- The Library of Trinity College Dublin
- Search the Library's catalogue
- The Library of Trinity College Dublin at Google Cultural Institute
- 360-degree panorama of the Long Room Library