Triopas

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In Greek mythology, Triopas /ˈtrəpəs/ or Triops /ˈtr.əps/ or /ˈtrˌɒps/ (Ancient Greek: Τρίωψ, gen.: Τρίοπος) was the name of several characters whose relations are unclear.

  • Triopas, king of Argos and son of Phorbas.
  • Triopas of Thessaly, a son of Poseidon and Canace, husband of Myrmidon's daughter Hiscilla, father of Iphimedeia, Phorbas and Erysichthon.[1][2] He destroyed a temple of Demeter in order to obtain materials for roofing his own house, and was punished by insatiable hunger as well as being plagued by a snake which inflicted illness on him. Eventually Demeter placed him and the snake among the stars as the constellation Ophiuchus to remind others of his crime and punishment.[3] A city in Caria was named Triopion after him.[4]
  • Triopas, one of the Heliadae, sons of Helios and Rhodos and grandson of Poseidon. Triopas, along with his brothers, Macar, Actis and Candalus, were jealous of a fifth brother, Tenages's, skill at science, and killed him. When their crime was discovered, Triopas escaped to Caria and seized a promontory which received his name (the Triopian Promontory). Later he founded the city of Knidos.[5] There was a statue of him and his horse at Delphi, an offering by the people of Knidos.[6]

The name's popular etymology is "he who has three eyes" (from τρι- "three" + -ωπ- "see") but the ending -ωψ, -οπος suggests a Pre-Greek origin.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca, 1. 7. 4
  2. ^ Ovid, Metamorphoses, 8. 756
  3. ^ Hyginus, Poetical Astronomy, 2. 14
  4. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium s. v. Triopion
  5. ^ Diodorus Siculus, Library of History, 4. 57. 6
  6. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 10. 11. 1

Sources[edit]

  • Arthur Bernard Cook. "Zeus, Jupiter, and the Oak". The Classical Review 18:1:75-89 (February 1904).