Triphala

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Triphala (Sanskrit: triphalā [t̪ripʰəl̪aː], “three fruits”)[1] is an Ayurvedic[2] herbal rasayana formula consisting of equal parts of three myrobalans, taken without seed: Amalaki (Emblica officinalis), Bibhitaki (Terminalia bellirica), and Haritaki (Terminalia chebula).[1]

Folk medicine[edit]

In traditional Ayurvedic medicine, triphala is believed to be useful for:[1]

  • immune system stimulation
  • improvement of digestion
  • relief of constipation
  • gastrointestinal tract cleansing
  • relief of gas (carminative)
  • treatment of diabetes
  • treatment of eye disease
  • in dentistry as root canal irrigant in endodontics[3]

There is no evidence from high-quality clinical research that these effects exist.

Active constituents[edit]

The active constituents are unknown. Triphala contains several compounds that have been proposed to be responsible for its claimed health benefits, including gallic acid, chebulagic acid, and chebulinic acid.[4][5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Ayurvedic pharmacopoeia committee. The Ayurvedic Formulary of India, Part I, 2nd English ed. New Delhi: Controller of Publications; 2003
  2. ^ Anne McIntyre (7 September 2005). Herbal treatment of children: Western and Ayurvedic perspectives. Elsevier Health Sciences. pp. 278–. ISBN 9780750651745. Retrieved 24 July 2010. 
  3. ^ Choudhary E, Indushekar K R, Saraf BG, Sheoran N, Sardana D, Shekhar A. Exploring the role of Morinda citrifolia and Triphala juice in root canal irrigation: An ex vivo study. J Conserv Dent [serial online] 2018 [cited 2018 Jul 31];21:443-9. Available from: http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/4/443/237744
  4. ^ Reddy TC, Aparoy P, Babu NK, Kalangi SK, Reddanna P (May 2010). "Kinetics and Docking Studies of a COX-2 Inhibitor Isolated from Terminalia bellerica Fruits". Protein Pept Lett. 17 (10): 1251–7. PMID 20441561. 
  5. ^ Pawar V, Lahorkar P, Anantha Narayana DB. Development of a RP-HPLC method for analysis of Triphala curna and its applicability to test variations in Triphala curna preparations. Indian J Pharm Sci [serial online] 2009 [cited 2010 Aug 1];71:382-6. Available from: http://www.ijpsonline.com/text.asp?2009/71/4/382/57286