Triple Crown of Acting

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The Triple Crown of Acting is a term used in the American entertainment industry to describe actors who have won a competitive Academy Award, Emmy Award, and Tony Award in the acting categories, the highest accolades recognized in American film, television and theatre respectively. As of today, only 24 people have achieved the triple crown of acting (15 women, 9 men). Helen Hayes's Emmy Award win on February 5, 1953, made her the first person to achieve the triple crown. Thomas Mitchell became the first man to achieve the triple crown with his Tony Award win later the same year on March 29, 1953. Hayes and Rita Moreno are the only triple crown winners in competitive acting categories who have also won a Grammy Award to complete the EGOT (Emmy, Grammy, Oscar, Tony). Dame Maggie Smith has the most triple crown wins, with 7 awards.

In the British entertainment industry, the same name has been given to the equivalent accolades in that industry; the BAFTA Film Awards, the BAFTA Television Awards and the Laurence Olivier Awards, or simply the Olivier awards. Eight actors have completed the British Triple crown. Of those, only Helen Mirren has completed both the American and British Triple Crowns.

Members of the Triple Crown of Acting still living only include 12 actors. Rita Moreno, Jeremy Irons, Vanessa Redgrave, Maggie Smith, Helen Mirren, Geoffrey Rush, Al Pacino, Frances McDormand, Jessica Lange, Ellen Burstyn, Glenda Jackson, and Viola Davis.

Summary[edit]

  • The year in the Oscar, Emmy, and Tony columns indicates the year the actor first won the award (the year of the award ceremony)
  • The total wins column indicates the total number of competitive Oscar, Emmy, and Tony wins
Actor Completed Years to
complete
Oscar Emmy Tony Total
wins
Ref.
Helen Hayes 1953 21 1932 1953 1947 5
Thomas Mitchell 1953 13 1940 1953 1953 3 [1]
Ingrid Bergman 1960 15 1945 1960 1947 6
Shirley Booth 1962 13 1953 1962 1949 6
Melvyn Douglas 1968 8 1964 1968 1960 4
Paul Scofield 1969 7 1967 1969 1962 3
Jack Albertson 1975 10 1969 1975 1965 4
Rita Moreno 1977 15 1962 1977 1975 4
Maureen Stapleton 1982 31 1982 1968 1951 4
Jason Robards 1988 29 1977 1988 1959 4
Jessica Tandy 1990 42 1990 1988 1948 5 [2]
Jeremy Irons 1997 13 1991 1997 1984 4 [3]
Anne Bancroft 1999 41 1963 1999 1958 4 [4]
Vanessa Redgrave 2003 25 1978 1981 2003 4 [5]
Maggie Smith 2003 33 1970 2003 1990 7 [6]
Al Pacino 2004 35 1993 2004 1969 5 [7]
Geoffrey Rush 2009 12 1997 2005 2009 3 [8]
Ellen Burstyn 2009 34 1975 2009 1975 4 [9]
Christopher Plummer 2012 38 2012 1977 1974 5 [10]
Helen Mirren 2015 19 2007 1996 2015 6 [11]
Frances McDormand 2015 18 1997 2015 2011 5 [12]
Jessica Lange 2016 33 1983 2009 2016 6 [13]
Viola Davis 2017 16 2017 2015 2001 4 [14]
Glenda Jackson 2018 47 1971 1972 2018 6 [15]

Triple Crown winners[edit]

Years given are the years of the respective ceremonies. Performers are listed in order of completing the Triple Crown.

Helen Hayes[edit]

American actress Helen Hayes (1900–1993) was the first performer to achieve the triple crown of acting, doing so in 1953. Hayes was a 9-time Emmy (1), 3-time Tony (2), and 2-time Oscar (2) nominee, for a total of 14 TC nominations. She won two Oscars, two Tonys and an Emmy for a total of five competitive triple crown awards. She also won a Grammy in 1977 for Best Spoken Word Recording to complete the EGOT, for competitive Emmy, Grammy, Oscar and Tony wins. Hayes is one of only two Triple Crown winners (along with Rita Moreno) to have achieved the EGOT.

Thomas Mitchell[edit]

American actor Thomas Mitchell (1892–1962) completed the triple crown in 1953, two months after Helen Hayes. He was a 3-time Emmy (1), 2-time Oscar (1), and 1-time Tony (1) nominee, for a total of six TC nominations. Mitchell won three awards.

Ingrid Bergman[edit]

Swedish actress Ingrid Bergman (1915–1982) completed the triple crown in 1960. She was a 7-time Oscar (3), 3-time Emmy (2), and 1-time Tony (1) nominee, for a total of 11 TC nominations.

Shirley Booth[edit]

American actress Shirley Booth (1898–1992) completed the triple crown in 1962. She was a 4-time Emmy (2), 3-time Tony (3), and 1-time Oscar (1) nominee, for a total of eight TC nominations. Booth won six awards.

Melvyn Douglas[edit]

American actor Melvyn Douglas (1901–1981) completed the triple crown in 1968. He was a 3-time Oscar (2), 2-time Emmy (1), and 1-time Tony (1) nominee, for a total of six TC nominations. Douglas won four awards.

Paul Scofield[edit]

English actor Paul Scofield (1922–2008) completed the triple crown in 1969. He was a 2-time Oscar (1), 1-time Emmy (1), and 1-time Tony (1) nominee, for a total of four TC nominations. Scofield won three awards. His seven-year completion is the fastest of any triple crown recipient.

Jack Albertson[edit]

American actor Jack Albertson (1907–1981) completed the triple crown in 1975. He was a 5-time Emmy (2), 2-time Tony (1), and 1-time Oscar (1) nominee, for a total of eight TC nominations. Albertson won four awards.

Rita Moreno[edit]

Puerto Rican actress Rita Moreno (born 1931) completed the triple crown in 1977. She is a 6-time Emmy (2), 1-time Oscar (1), and 1-time Tony (1) nominee, for a total of eight TC nominations. Her Emmy win saw her complete the EGOT for competitive Emmy, Grammy, Oscar and Tony wins. Her Grammy win was in 1972 in the Best Recording for Children category. Moreno is the first Hispanic actor to win the Triple Crown and is one of only two Triple Crown winners who have also achieved the EGOT.

Maureen Stapleton[edit]

American actress Maureen Stapleton (1925–2006) completed the triple crown in 1982. She was a 7-time Emmy (1), 6-time Tony (2), and 4-time Oscar (1) nominee, for a total of 17 nominations. Stapleton won four awards.

Jason Robards[edit]

American actor Jason Robards (1922–2000) completed the triple crown in 1988. He was an 8-time Tony (1), 5-time Emmy (1), and 3-time Oscar (2) nominee, for a total of 16 TC nominations. Robards won four awards.

Jessica Tandy[edit]

British-American actress Jessica Tandy (1909–1994) completed the triple crown in 1990. She was a 5-time Tony (3), 3-time Emmy (1), and 2-time Oscar nominee (1), for a total of 10 TC nominations. Tandy won five awards.

Jeremy Irons[edit]

British actor Jeremy Irons (born 1948) completed the triple crown in 1997. He is a 3-time acting Emmy (2), 1-time Oscar (1), and 1-time Tony (1) nominee, for a total of five TC nominations. Irons has won four TC awards.

Note: Irons has an additional Emmy win in a non-acting category, winning the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Narrator in 2014 for Game of Lions.

Anne Bancroft[edit]

American actress Anne Bancroft (1931–2005) completed the triple crown in 1999. She was a 6-time (1) acting Emmy, 5-time Oscar (1), and 3-time Tony (2) nominee, for a total of 14 TC nominations. Bancroft won four triple crown awards.

Note: Bancroft won an additional Emmy in 1970 in the variety program category, as the star of the special Annie, the Women in the Life of a Man.

Vanessa Redgrave[edit]

British actress Vanessa Redgrave (born 1937) completed the triple crown in 2003. She is a 6-time Oscar (1), 6-time Emmy (2), and 3-time Tony (1) nominee, for a total of 15 TC nominations. Redgrave has won four awards.

Maggie Smith[edit]

British actress Maggie Smith (born 1934) completed the triple crown in 2003. She is a 9-time Emmy (4), 6-time Oscar (2), and 3-time Tony (1) nominee, for a total of 18 TC nominations. Smith is the first and only Triple Crown winner to win seven awards.

Al Pacino[edit]

American actor Al Pacino (born 1940) completed the triple crown in 2004. He is a 9-time Oscar (1), 3-time Emmy (2), and 3-time Tony (2) nominee, for a total of 15 TC nominations. Pacino has won five awards.

Geoffrey Rush[edit]

Australian actor Geoffrey Rush (born 1951) completed the triple crown in 2009. He is a 4-time Oscar (1), 2-time Emmy (1), and 1-time Tony (1) nominee, for a total of seven TC nominations. Rush has won three awards.

Ellen Burstyn[edit]

American actress Ellen Burstyn (born 1932) completed the triple crown in 2009. She is an 8-time Emmy (2), 6-time Oscar (1), and 1-time Tony (1) nominee, for a total of 15 TC nominations. Burstyn has won four awards.

Christopher Plummer[edit]

Canadian actor Christopher Plummer (1929–2021) completed the triple crown in 2012. He was a 7-time Emmy (2), 7-time Tony (2), and 3-time Oscar (1) nominee, for a total of 17 TC nominations. Plummer won five awards.

Helen Mirren[edit]

British actress Helen Mirren (born 1945) completed the triple crown in 2015. She is an 11-time Emmy (4), 4-time Oscar (1), and 3-time Tony (1) nominee, for a total of 18 TC nominations. Mirren has won six awards.

Helen Mirren is the only person to have also won the British Triple Crown of Acting by being awarded the three equivalent honours in the British entertainment industry, the BAFTA Film Award, the BAFTA Television Award and the Laurence Olivier Award. It took her twenty-one years to complete the British Triple Crown, beginning with a BAFTA Television Award for Best Actress for Prime Suspect in 1992 and finishing in 2013 with the Laurence Olivier Award for Best Actress in a Play for The Audience. In the meantime, she also won two more Television BAFTAs for Prime Suspect in 1993 and 1994 and the Film BAFTA for Best Leading Actress for The Queen in 2007. She was the seventh of eight people to have won the British Triple Crown of Acting, with Virginia McKenna, Peggy Ashcroft, Judi Dench, Nigel Hawthorne, Albert Finney and Julie Walters all preceding her to the honour and Mark Rylance succeeding her.

Frances McDormand[edit]

American actress Frances McDormand (born 1957) completed the triple crown in 2015. She is a 6-time acting Oscar (3), 2-time Tony (1), and 2-time acting Emmy (1) nominee, for a total of 10 TC nominations. McDormand has won five awards.

Note: McDormand has two additional Emmy and Oscar wins in non-acting categories, winning the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Limited Series for executive producing Olive Kitteridge, and the Academy Award for Best Picture for producing Nomadland.

Jessica Lange[edit]

American actress Jessica Lange (born 1949) completed the triple crown in 2016. She is an 10-time Emmy (3), 6-time Oscar (2), and 1-time Tony (1) nominee, for a total of 17 TC nominations. Lange has won six awards.

Viola Davis[edit]

American actress Viola Davis (born 1965) completed the triple crown in 2017.[16] She is the first African American actor to win the triple crown, and is also currently the youngest.[16][17] She is a 4-time Oscar (1), 3-time Tony (2), and 5-time Emmy (1) nominee, for a total of 12 TC nominations. Davis has won four awards.

Glenda Jackson[edit]

British actress Glenda Jackson (born 1936) completed the triple crown in 2018. She is a 5-time Tony (1), 5-time Emmy (3), and 4-time Oscar (2) nominee, for a total of 14 TC nominations. Jackson has won six awards.

Two competitive awards[edit]

The following people have each won two out of the three major entertainment awards that honour acting in competitive categories.[18]

Missing an Emmy Award[edit]

Missing an Academy Award (Oscar)[edit]

Missing a Tony Award[edit]

Notes[edit]

  • † – Person is deceased.
  • ◊ – Person has been nominated at least once for a competitive acting category of the missing award, but has failed to win.
  • NCA – Person won a Non-Competitive Award in this category.

^1 Won an Emmy in a non-acting category.
^2 Nominated for an Emmy in a non-acting category.
^3 Won a Daytime Emmy.
^4 Won an International Emmy.
^5 Won a Tony in a non-acting category.

Three nominations[edit]

The following people have not won all three awards in competitive acting categories, but have received at least one nomination for each of them:

  1. Alan Alda
  2. Jane Alexander
  3. Joan Allen
  4. Judith Anderson
  5. Julie Andrews
  6. Alan Arkin
  7. Lauren Bacall
  8. Alec Baldwin
  9. Martin Balsam
  10. Antonio BanderasN/A
  11. Barbara Barrie
  12. Kathy Bates
  13. Ed Begley
  14. Ralph Bellamy
  15. Annette BeningN/A
  16. Cate Blanchett
  17. Richard Burton
  18. Diahann Carroll
  19. Art Carney
  20. Stockard Channing
  21. Patricia Clarkson
  22. Glenn Close
  23. James Coco
  24. Toni Collette
  25. Chris Cooper
  26. Gladys Cooper,N/A
  27. Tom CourtenayN/A
  28. Bryan Cranston
  29. Hume Cronyn
  30. Judi Dench
  31. Adam DriverN/A
  32. Charles Durning
  33. José Ferrer
  34. Sally Field
  35. Ralph Fiennes
  36. Albert Finney
  37. Laurence Fishburne
  38. Henry Fonda
  39. Jane Fonda
  40. Morgan Freeman
  41. Vincent Gardenia
  42. Marcia Gay Harden
  43. John Gielgud
  44. Jack Gilford
  45. Jackie Gleason
  46. Ruth Gordon
  47. Joel Grey
  48. Alec Guinness
  49. Tom Hanks
  50. Ed HarrisN/A
  51. Julie Harris
  52. Rosemary Harris
  53. Katharine Hepburn
  54. Judd Hirsch
  55. Dustin Hoffman
  56. Philip Seymour Hoffman
  57. Hal Holbrook
  58. Ian Holm
  59. Tom Hulce
  60. William Hurt
  61. Hugh Jackman
  62. Allison Janney
  63. James Earl Jones
  64. Madeline Kahn
  65. Anna KendrickN/A
  66. Kevin Kline
  67. Shirley Knight
  68. Angela Lansbury
  69. Eva Le Gallienne
  70. Margaret Leighton
  71. Jack Lemmon
  72. Laura Linney
  73. John Lithgow
  74. Walter Matthau
  75. Ian McKellen
  76. Janet McTeer
  77. Laurie Metcalf
  78. Bette Midler
  79. Mildred Natwick
  80. Patricia Neal
  81. Kate NelliganN/A
  82. Paul Newman
  83. Lupita Nyong'o
  84. Leslie Odom, Jr.
  85. Laurence Olivier
  86. Geraldine Page
  87. Joan Plowright
  88. Sidney Poitier
  89. Jonathan Pryce
  90. Anthony Quayle
  91. Anthony Quinn
  92. Stephen ReaN/A
  93. Lynn Redgrave,N/A
  94. Debbie Reynolds,N/A
  95. Beah Richards
  96. Thelma Ritter
  97. Mickey Rooney
  98. Mark Ruffalo
  99. Mark Rylance
  100. George C. Scott
  101. Gary Sinise
  102. Kevin Spacey
  103. Kim Stanley
  104. Beatrice Straight
  105. Meryl Streep
  106. Lily Tomlin
  107. Rip Torn
  108. Cicely Tyson
  109. Stanley Tucci
  110. Peter Ustinov
  111. Christopher Walken
  112. Sam WaterstonN/A
  113. Sigourney WeaverN/A
  114. James Whitmore
  115. Michelle Williams
  116. Mare Winningham

Notes[edit]

† – Person is deceased.
N/A – Person has not won any of the three awards (excluding non-acting awards and non-competitive awards).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Thomas Mitchell". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. Baseline & All Movie Guide. 2015. Archived from the original on October 1, 2015. Retrieved February 4, 2016.
  2. ^ Clark, Kenneth R. (December 9, 1991). "Jessica Tandy feels comfortable in the role of 'The Story Lady'". The Baltimore Sun. Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on August 8, 2016. Retrieved August 14, 2020.
  3. ^ "Actor Jeremy Irons". Tavis Smiley. September 7, 2012. PBS. Archived from the original on June 3, 2016. Retrieved August 14, 2020.
  4. ^ "Anne Bancroft obituary". The Scotsman. Edinburgh. June 5, 2005. Archived from the original on June 4, 2016. Retrieved August 14, 2020.
  5. ^ "Vanessa Redgrave". Encyclopædia Britannica. November 14, 2014. Archived from the original on February 5, 2016. Retrieved August 14, 2020.
  6. ^ "Dame Maggie Smith". Encyclopædia Britannica. March 5, 2015. Archived from the original on December 31, 2015. Retrieved February 4, 2016.
  7. ^ "Tour dates". An Evening with Pacino. Archived from the original on February 21, 2016. Retrieved February 4, 2016.
  8. ^ "Geoffrey Rush is named Australian of the year". BBC News. Archived from the original on 2018-11-23. Retrieved December 31, 2015.
  9. ^ "The inside track on Oscars, Emmys, Grammys and All the Award Shows". Los Angeles Times. September 13, 2009. Archived from the original on January 6, 2016. Retrieved December 28, 2015.
  10. ^ White, Carly (July 7, 2014). "The Triple Crown at the Tonys". New York Show Tickets. Archived from the original on January 7, 2016. Retrieved August 14, 2020.
  11. ^ Brenoff, Ann (July 25, 2015). "7 reasons to love Helen Mirren on her 70th birthday". Huffington Post. Archived from the original on October 23, 2015. Retrieved August 14, 2020.
  12. ^ "Frances McDormand". Breaking News. January 25, 2015. Archived from the original on December 22, 2015. Retrieved December 18, 2015.
  13. ^ Sheehan, Paul; Robert Pius (July 3, 2017). "Jessica Lange:Emmy win would tie her for first among triple crown acting champs". Gold Derby. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved June 12, 2018.
  14. ^ Levine, Nick (February 27, 2017). "Viola Davis makes history by winning the "triple crown of acting"". NME. Archived from the original on February 27, 2017. Retrieved February 27, 2017.
  15. ^ Lambe, Stacy (June 10, 2018). "Glenda Jackson wins Triple Crown of Acting". Entertainment Tonight. Archived from the original on June 11, 2018. Retrieved June 12, 2018.
  16. ^ a b Zak, Dan (February 27, 2017). "Only 22 people had ever accomplished this feat. Now, Viola Davis joins the club". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 2017-03-01. Retrieved August 14, 2020.
  17. ^ Mizoguchi, Karen. "SAG Awards 2017: Viola Davis Becomes First African American Actress to Score 5 Wins". People. Archived from the original on January 30, 2017. Retrieved February 1, 2017.
  18. ^ "Triple Crown of Acting watch – who can join next?". Gold Derby. April 9, 2017. Retrieved January 1, 2010.