American Triple Tiara of Thoroughbred Racing

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The Triple Tiara of Thoroughbred Racing, formerly known as the Filly Triple Crown, is a set of three horse races in the United States which is open to three-year-old fillies. Presently the only official Triple Tiara is the three race series in New York; they are: The Acorn Stakes, run at Belmont Park at a distance of 1 mile, The Coaching Club American Oaks, run at Saratoga Race Course at a distance of 1⅛ miles and The Alabama Stakes, also run at Saratoga at a distance of 1¼ miles.[1]


There have been attempts to develop a "Filly Triple Crown" or a Triple Tiara for fillies only, but no set series of three races consistently remained in the public eye. At least four different configurations of races have been designated as such. Two fillies won the series of the Kentucky Oaks, the Pimlico Oaks (now the Black-Eyed Susan Stakes), and the Coaching Club American Oaks, in 1949 and 1952, but the racing press did not designate either accomplishment as a "triple crown." The New York Racing Association designated three of its races as a filly triple crown of sorts, but the races so designated changed over the years. Eight fillies won variations of the NYRA Triple Tiara between 1968 and 1993.[2]

The New York Filly Triple Tiara (1957-2002 and 2007-2009)[edit]

The original Triple Tiara consisted of three races at Belmont Park: the 1 mile Acorn Stakes, the 1⅛ mile Mother Goose Stakes and the Coaching Club American Oaks, which varied in distance between 1¼ and 1½ miles.

Eight horses have won the series under this system:

*A* = Denotes that the horse also won the Alabama Stakes in the same year, which has been part of the Triple Tiara series since 2010, and was also part of that series from 2003 through 2006.

The New York Filly Triple Tiara (2003–2006)[edit]

In 2003, the Triple Tiara was reconfigured for a time to consist of the Mother Goose Stakes, Coaching Club American Oaks, and the Alabama Stakes, a 1¼ mile race held in August at Saratoga Race Course in Saratoga Springs, New York. The New York Racing Association, the operator of Belmont Park and Saratoga Race Course, once offered a $2 million bonus to any filly that swept the three races. The bonus was discontinued in 2005. In 2007 the New York Racing Association reverted to the original three races of the tiara; the Acorn, Mother Goose and Coaching Club American Oaks. No filly swept this reconfigured series.

The New York Filly Triple Tiara (2010–present)[edit]

The Triple Tiara is now a set of three horse races in New York which is open to three-year-old fillies. The three races that compose the series now are The Acorn Stakes, run at Belmont Park at a distance of 1 mile, The Coaching Club American Oaks, run at Saratoga Race Course at a distance of 1⅛ miles and The Alabama Stakes, also run at Saratoga at a distance of 1¼ miles. The current race system was implemented in 2010 by the New York Racing Association and the series is sponsored by Betfair and TVG.[1] No filly has swept this reconfigured series.

National Triple Tiara Proposals[edit]

In recent years, many owners and trainers of fillies have submitted proposals to the National Thoroughbred Racing Association to change the three races that compose the Triple Tiara. Although a great deal of prestige is attached to winning one or more of the current Triple Tiara races, all three are held in New York; because of this, the series is skewed to fillies that race in the northeast. Some from outside the area even modify the name of the series by calling it the "New York Triple Tiara."

Several options of races have been suggested to compose the "National Triple Tiara." The most popular proposal of races to compose a "Triple Tiara" series are the Kentucky Oaks, run at Churchill Downs in Louisville; the Black-Eyed Susan Stakes, run at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore; and the Acorn Stakes, run at Belmont Park. A second proposal has been to use the Kentucky Oaks, the Black-Eyed Susan Stakes and the Mother Goose Stakes. This version would allow more time for fillies to recuperate between races. Using the Mother Goose would also allow the NYRA to keep its three races in place as its own series without interfering with the three National races. In another concept, made more popular since American Pharoah's historic Grand Slam win, the Oaks, Black-Eyed Susan, and Acorn are joined by the Breeders' Cup Distaff, run the Friday of the Breeders' Cup weekend, to form the fourth leg of the Grand Slam for fillies.

  • In 1979 Davona Dale was the only filly to have won any combination of races seriously proposed for the National Triple Tiara. She won the Kentucky Oaks and Black-Eyed Susan Stakes, and also won both races proposed for the New York leg (Acorn Stakes and Mother Goose Stakes).

These races in the most popular proposal are near equal distance to their Triple Crown counterparts except for the Acorn, which is at a distance of one mile as opposed to the Belmont's mile-and-a-half distance. This series is thought to be a better choice for the Triple Tiara series, seeing that the three races are considered the most popular races for fillies. Each race receives considerable national network coverage, as it is run within 24 hours of the marquee event at each track. The Kentucky Oaks itself is known for drawing the third biggest crowds of any stakes races throughout the year, except for the Kentucky Derby and the Preakness Stakes.[3] The Kentucky Oaks even outdraws the Belmont Stakes, the Travers Stakes and the Breeders' Cup series. Each race is also the night before its Triple Crown counterpart, except the Acorn, which is held on the Belmont Stakes undercard. (See "Triple Crown")


  1. ^ a b "Betfair TVG Sponsors Triple Tiara" (Press release). New York Racing Association. 2010-05-28. Archived from the original on 2010-05-29. Retrieved 2010-05-28. 
  2. ^ Genaro, Teresa (June 7, 2011). "The Triple Tiara". Hello Race Fans. Retrieved October 27, 2015. 
  3. ^ Bravo's cable network coverage of "Ladies First" on May 1, 2009, during the introductory monologue recited by Bob Costas opening the 135th running of The Kentucky Oaks.

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