Tripoli Central Hospital
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|Tripoli Central Hospital
(in Arabic: مستشفى طرابلس المركزي)
(former name: L'Ospedale Coloniale di Vittorio Emanuele III)
|Hospital type|| • Teaching hospital
• Trauma center
Tripoli's second-largest hospital, it is located downtown and occupies a big complete block between Zawia Street (شارع الزاويه) and Saidi Street (شارع السيدي.).
It was built on a piece of land that was occupied by some smaller clinics around Assaidi Street. These clinics used to care for patients with [tuberculosis] during the 1920s. The clinics were known locally as " Assomaa Alhamra ", which literally means the red [minaret], which was named because of " Assomaa Alhamra mosque " which has a red minaret in Assaidi street.
The main buildings that are standing now were built during the Italian administration of Libya in 1910. It was known as L'Ospedale Coloniale di Vittorio Emanuele III (or Vittorio Emanuele III Colonial Hospital). The service during those days used to be headed by Italian doctors.
Notable among them was Tomaso Casoni (1880–1933) who practiced there from 1912 to 1932. He described a test for diagnosing hydatid disease based on dermal hypersensitivity known after him as the Casoni test. The original building is still standing and is occupied by the hospital's surgery department.
The hospital continues to serve as the main trauma center in downtown Tripoli. During last three decades of the 20th century, it served as the sole trauma center for all of Tripoli.
In 2005, the Libyan National organ transplantation program was initiated. A building annexed to the old surgery serve as the transplantation department.