2018 Tripura Legislative Assembly election

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Tripura Legislative Assembly election, 2018

← 2013 18 February 2018 2023 →

59 of 60 seats in the Tripura Legislative Assembly
30 seats needed for a majority
Turnout91.09%
  Majority party Minority party
  Biplab Deb with Nitin Gadkari (cropped).png Manik Sarkar.jpg
Leader Biplab Kumar Deb Manik Sarkar
Party BJP CPI(M)
Alliance NDA Left Front
Leader since 2016 1998
Leader's seat Banamalipur Dhanpur
Last election 0 50
Seats won 44[1] 16[1]
Seat change Increase44 Decrease34
Popular vote 1,172,696 1,042,610
Percentage 51.56% 44.9%
Swing Increase50.06% Decrease5.51%

Tripura 2018.svg

Chief Minister before election

Manik Sarkar
CPI(M)

Elected Chief Minister

Biplab Kumar Deb
BJP

A Legislative Assembly election was held on 18 February 2018 in 59 out of 60 constituencies of the Legislative Assembly of Tripura.[2] The counting of votes took place on 3 March 2018. BJP won and formed the government.

Background[edit]

The tenure of Tripura Legislative Assembly ends on 6 March 2018.[3] The Left Front led by Manik Sarkar is seeking re-election, having governed Tripura since the 1998 election. Meanwhile, the region in general had been under the political control of the Communist Party for 25 years prior to the election, leading to the region being dubbed a "red holdout".[4]

Their primary challengers came in the form of the Bharatiya Janata Party, which under the leadership of Narendra Modi is the governing party of India on a national level.[5] The BJP is a nationalist, rightist party, whose policies directly oppose those of the Communists.[6] However, the party claimed no seats, and a mere 1.5% of the vote, in the region's previous election.[7] Despite the relatively small size of Tripura, the election took on additional significance on a national level as it was an acid test to gauge the successes of the BJP ahead of next year's general election,[8] and a chance to strip the communists, the party's "primary ideological enemy", of its stronghold.[4]

Prior to the election, a number of workers of the BJP were murdered. The BJP alleged that the murders were committed by CPI(M) members, which the party denies.[9][10][11]

Schedule[edit]

The Election Commission of India announced that the Legislative Assembly elections in Tripura will be held on 18 February 2018 and the results will be announced on 3 March 2018.[12]

Event Date Day
Date for nominations 24 Jan 2018 Wednesday
Last date for filing nominations 31 Jan 2018 Wednesday
Date for scrutiny of nominations 1 Feb 2018 Thursday
Last date for withdrawal of candidatures 3 Feb 2018 Saturday
Date of poll 18 Feb 2018 Sunday
Date of counting 3 Mar 2018 Saturday
Date before which the election shall be completed 5 Mar 2018 Monday

Electoral process changes[edit]

VVPAT-fitted EVMs was used in entire Tripura state in all polling stations in the 2018 elections, which was the first time that the entire state saw the implementation of VVPAT.[13]

The election took place in a single phase on 18 February 2018 with 89.8% voter turnout.[14] The results will be announced on 3 March 2018.

Contesting parties[edit]

297 candidates registered to contest the election.

Party Symbol Alliance Seats contested
Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPM) Indian Election Symbol Hammer Sickle and Star.png Left Front 57
Communist Party of India (CPI) Indian Election Symbol Ears of Corn and Sickle.png Left Front 1
Revolutionary Socialist Party (RSP) Left Front 1
All India Forward Bloc (AIFB) Left Front 1
Indian National Congress (INC) Hand INC.svg UPA 59
Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) Lotos flower symbol.svg NDA 51
Indigenous Peoples Front of Tripura (IPFT) NDA 9
Independents (IND) 27
Indigenous Nationalist Party of Twipra (INPT) 15
Tripura People's Party 7
Amra Bangalee 23
All India Trinamool Congress (AITC) 24
Socialist Unity Centre of India (Communist) 5
Tipraland State Party 9
Communist Party of India (ML) (Liberation) 5
North East India Development Party 1
Pragatishil Amara Bangali Samaj 1
I.P.F.T Tiprahaa (Independent) 1
Total 297

Campaign[edit]

The other major force in the election was the Indian National Congress, who had taken 36.5% of the popular vote in the region in 2013.[15] They are also, on a wider scale, the largest force in opposing Modi and the BJP in parliament. As such, Rahul Gandhi, in his capacity as the party's leader, campaigned in the region.[16] They were determined to prevent the BJP from seizing control on the region, as such an outcome would represent the "demise of the Left".[17]

Exit Polls[edit]

Polling firm Date published
BJP+ CPI(M)+ INC Others
JanKiBaat-NewsX[18] 27 January 2018 35-45 14-23 - -
CVoter[18] 27 January 2018 24-32 26-34 0-2 -
AxisMyIndia[18] 27 January 2018 44-50 9-15 - 0-3
Dinraat[19] 27 January 2018 10-19 40-49

Result[edit]

The incumbent Left Front government was defeated after 25 years of office out of which Manik Sarkar served for about 20 years, with the Bharatiya Janata Party and Indigenous Peoples Front of Tripura winning a large majority of seats. The Indian National Congress, which was the second largest party in the 2013 election, lost all its seats and most of its vote share.

Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Won +/−
Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) 999,093 43.0% 36 Increase36
Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPM) 992,575 42.7% 16 Decrease33
Indigenous Peoples Front of Tripura (IPFT) 173,603 7.5% 8 Increase8
Indian National Congress (INC) 41,325 1.8% 0 Decrease10
Communist Party of India (CPI) 19,352 0.8% 0 Decrease1
Revolutionary Socialist Party (RSP) 17,568 0.8% 0 Steady
Indigenous Nationalist Party of Twipra (INPT) 16,255 0.7% 0 Steady
All India Forward Bloc (AIFB) 13,115 0.6% 0 Steady
All India Trinamool Congress (AITC) 6,989 0.3% 0 Steady
Independents (IND) 0 Steady
Other parties and coalitions 0 Steady
None of the Above (NOTA)
Total 100.00 60 ±0

Elected members[edit]

No. Constituency Elected MLA Party
1 Simna Brishaketu Debbarma IPFT
2 Mohanpur Ratan Lal Nath BJP
3 Bamutia Krishnadhan Das BJP
4 Barjala Dilip Kumar Das BJP
5 Khayerpur Ratan Chakraborty BJP
6 Agartala Sudip Roy Barman BJP
7 Ramnagar Surajit Datta BJP
8 Town Bordowali Asish Kumar Saha BJP
9 Banamalipur Biplab Kumar Deb BJP
10 Majlishpur Sushanta Choudhury BJP
11 Mandai Bazar Dhirendra Debbarma IPFT
12 Takarjala Narendra Chandra Debbarma IPFT
13 Pratapgarh Rebati Mohan Das BJP
14 Badharghat Dilip Sarkar BJP
15 Kamalasagar Narayan Chandra Choudhury CPI (M)
16 Bishalgarh Bhanu Lal Saha CPI (M)
17 Golaghati Birendra Kishore Debbarma BJP
18 Surjamaninagar Ramprasad Pal BJP
19 Charilam Jishnu Deb Burman BJP
20 Boxanagar Sahid Choudhury CPI (M)
21 Nalchar Subhash Chandra Das BJP
22 Sonamura Shyamal Chakraborty CPI (M)
23 Dhanpur Manik Sarkar CPI (M)
24 Ramchandraghat Prashanta Debbarma IPFT
25 Khowai Nirmal Biswas CPI (M)
26 Asharambari Mevar Kumar Jamatia IPFT
27 Kalyanpur–Pramodnagar Pinaki Das Choudhuri BJP
28 Teliamura Kalyani Roy BJP
29 Krishnapur Atul Debbarma BJP
30 Bagma Rampada Jamatia BJP
31 Radhakishorpur Pranajit Singha Roy BJP
32 Matabari Biplab Kumar Ghosh BJP
33 Kakraban–Shalgara Ratan Bhowmik CPI (M)
34 Rajnagar Sudhan Das CPI (M)
35 Belonia Arun Chandra Bhowmik BJP
36 Shantirbazar Pramod Reang BJP
37 Hrishyamukh Badal Choudhury CPI (M)
38 Jolaibari Jashabir Tripura CPI (M)
39 Manu Prabhat Choudhury CPI (M)
40 Sabroom Shankar Roy BJP
41 Ampinagar Sindhu Chandra Jamatia IPFT
42 Amarpur Ranjit Das BJP
43 Karbook Burbu Mohan Tripura BJP
44 Raima Valley Dhananjay Tripura IPFT
45 Kamalpur Manoj Kanti Deb BJP
46 Surma Ashish Das BJP
47 Ambassa Parimal Debbarma BJP
48 Karamchara Dibachandra Hrangkhawl BJP
49 Chawmanu Shambhulal Chakma BJP
50 Pabiachara Bhagaban Das BJP
51 Fatikroy Sudhangshu Das BJP
52 Chandipur Tapan Chakraborty CPI (M)
53 Kailashahar Mabaswar Ali CPI (M)
54 Kadamtala–Kurti Islam Uddin CPI (M)
55 Bagbassa Bijita Nath CPI (M)
56 Dharmanagar Biswa Bandhu Sen BJP
57 Jubarajnagar Ramendra Chandra Debnath CPI (M)
58 Panisagar Binoy Bhushan Das BJP
59 Pencharthal Shantana Chakma BJP
60 Kanchanpur Prem Kumar Reang IPFT

Reactions[edit]

The BJP chose Biplab Kumar Deb to be the next Chief Minister. He said: "I am ready to take the responsibility. I will not run away from taking the responsibility. I have already been given a bigger responsibility, the party's state presidentship, which I have been fulfilling to the best of my ability. People responded favourably to our call 'Chalo Paltai' (let's change)." He claimed that having the same party in the central government and at the state level "helps in faster development." He further called for restraint in post-electoral violence: "We do not believe in the politics of vengeance and hatred, so we appeal to the people to maintain peace and calm." In addition he asserted that "the word development does not exist in the dictionary of the CPI-M. Our government will provide good governance and time-bound implementation of all developmental works."[20]

Former Chief Minister of Kerala and senior CPI(M) leader V. S. Achuthanandan called for the party's leadership to ally with "secular forces" to defeat the Sangh Parivar: "The country is facing serious challenges. The Congress, which had ruled for decades in the post-independence period, has become weaker now. He supported party General Secretary Sitaram Yechury's call for an "understanding" with the INC as "a tactical move with secular forces was necessary."[citation needed] The party's provincial minister claimed that the BJP had "misused" money and power at the central government in winning the election and that the "challenge to the democracy and the national integrity." Another CPI figure M. V. Jayarajan, private secretary to Kerala Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan, claimed that the INC voters and leaders were moving towards the BJP and that the result should "not be viewed lightly and all the patriots in the country have the responsibility to check and isolate any effort of the communal forces gaining strength in the country.[citation needed] Politbureau member M. A. Baby said that while the result was "unexpected", he did "respect the verdict of the people." He added: "However, there is a decline of 6-7 per cent vote share of the Left front. It's a concern...how the erosion has taken place and why this happened will be dispassionately examined by the party in Tripura and the national leadership."[21]

Media

It was suggested that in order to defeat the BJP, other opposition parties would have to unite.[22]

Charilam bypoll[edit]

Polling for the seat of Charilam was postponed to 12 March 2018 after the death of Communist Party of India (Marxist) candidate Ramendra Narayan Debbarma. The CPI(M) withdrew their candidate for the bypoll claiming that there was an increase in violence. This claim was refuted by BJP National Secretary Ram Madhav, who termed it as "bogus", and an attempt by the CPI(M) to hide their defeat.[23]

Despite this, the CPI(M) candidate continued to be present on the ballot paper, and subsequently lost their deposit.[24][25]

Tripura Legislative Assembly Bypoll, 2018: Charilam[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
BJP Jishnu Deb Burman 26,580 90.81
CPI(M) Palash Debbarma 1030 3.51
INC Arjun Debbarma 775 2.64
INPT Uma Shankar Debbarma 685 2.34
Independent Jyotilal Debbarma 198 0.67 N/A
Majority
Turnout
Registered electors
BJP gain from CPI(M) Swing

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Tripura Election 2018". Elections.in.
  2. ^ "Tripura Assembly Election 2018 LIVE: 78.56% Turnout Till 9 PM, Left Front's 25-Year-Long Run Faces BJP Challenge". NDTV. Retrieved 18 February 2018.
  3. ^ "Upcoming Elections in India". Retrieved 2017-03-13.
  4. ^ a b "Conquest of Tripura".
  5. ^ "Tripura polls: Communist cadres getting feel of competition from new foe BJP". United News of India. Retrieved 2018-03-04.
  6. ^ Banerjee 2005, p. 3118.
  7. ^ "Tripura election results 2018: Full list of winners". The Indian Express. 3 March 2018. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
  8. ^ "Modi ends communists' 25-year rule in provincial vote".
  9. ^ "Tripura: Booth president found dead, BJP alleges 12 murders by CPM". 12 February 2018. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  10. ^ "BJP worker hacked to death in poll-bound Tripura". Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  11. ^ Saikia, Arunabh. "In poll-bound Tripura, the BJP accuses the Left of Kerala-style political killings". Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  12. ^ "Legislative Assembly Elections 2018: Election Commission announces poll dates for Meghalaya, Tripura and Nagaland - Republic World". Republic World. Retrieved 2018-01-18.
  13. ^ "VVPAT training in Tripura".
  14. ^ "त्रिपुरा विधानसभा चुनाव में 89.8 प्रतिशत मतदान". NDTV. 19 February 2018. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  15. ^ "What really helped BJP win Tripura - Times of India".
  16. ^ Ali, Syed Sajjad (16 February 2018). "'Cong. committed to Tripura'" – via www.thehindu.com.
  17. ^ "Strong Left necessary for India: Congress leader Jairam Ramesh". 4 March 2018.
  18. ^ a b c "Exit polls predict BJP may win Tripura, consolidate position in Meghalaya and Nagaland". Times of India. Retrieved 27 January 2018.
  19. ^ PTI (2018-03-01). "Tripura awaits election results as exit polls fail to give clear picture". Live Mint. Retrieved 2018-03-01.
  20. ^ "Gym instructor-turned-politician Biplab Kumar Deb likely to be Tripura CM - Rediff.com India News". www.rediff.com.
  21. ^ "Defeat in Tripura should be viewed with seriousness: CPM".
  22. ^ "What lessons the Tripura elections verdict holds for the Left". www.dailyo.in.
  23. ^ "Left making lame attempt to hide loss in Tripura: Ram Madhav - Republic World". Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  24. ^ "BJP wins Tripura's Charilam assembly contested by Deputy CM after post-poll violence delayed counting - Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". 15 March 2018. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  25. ^ http://ceotripura.nic.in/Docs/Form20_AC19.pdf
  26. ^ "Polling underway in Charilam Assembly seat in Tripura". India Today. Retrieved 7 June 2018.

External links[edit]