Triratna

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Triratna
Triratna Symbol.svg
Symbol of the triratna, as seen in the Sanchi stupa, 1st century BCE.
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 三寶
Simplified Chinese 三宝
Burmese name
Burmese ရတနာသုံးပါး
IPA [jadanà θóʊɴ bá]
Tibetan name
Tibetan དཀོན་མཆོག་གསུམ
Vietnamese name
Vietnamese Tam bảo
Thai name
Thai ไตรรัตน์, รัตนตรัย
RTGS trairat, rattanatrai
Korean name
Hangul 삼보
Mongolian name
Mongolian ɣurban erdeni
Japanese name
Kanji 三宝
Bengali name
Bengali ত্রিশরণ
trishôrônô
Lao name
Lao ໄຕແກ້ວ (tài kɛ̂ːu) / ໄຕລັດ (tài lāt)
Pali name
Pali

tiratana,

tisarana
Marathi name
Marathi त्रिशरण (trisharan)
Khmer name
Khmer ព្រះរតនត្រ័យ (Preah Ratanak-trey)
Sinhalese name
Sinhalese තෙරුවන් (theruwan) or තුරුණුවන් (thurunawan)
Sanskrit name
Sanskrit त्रिरत्न (triratna), रत्नत्रय (ratna-traya)

The Triratna (Pāḷi: tiratana) is a Buddhist symbol, thought to visually represent the Three Jewels of Buddhism (the Buddha, the Dharma, the Sangha).

Symbol[edit]

The Triratna symbol is composed of:

On representations of the footprint of the Buddha, the Triratna is usually also surmounted by the Dharma wheel.

The Triratna can be found on frieze sculptures at Sanchi as the symbol crowning a flag standard (2nd century BCE), as a symbol of the Buddha installed on the Buddha's throne (2nd century BCE), as the crowning decorative symbol on the later gates at the stupa in Sanchi (2nd century CE), or, very often on the Buddha footprint (starting from the 1st century CE).

The triratna can be further reinforced by being surmounted with three dharma wheels (one for each of the three jewels of Buddhism: the Buddha, the Dharma and the Sangha).

The triratna symbol is also called nandipada, or "bull's hoof", by Hindus.

Coins[edit]

A number of examples of the triratna symbol appear on historical coins of Buddhist kingdoms in the Indian sub-continent. For example, the Triratna appears on the 1st century BCE coins of the Kingdom of Kuninda in the northern Punjab. It also surmounts the depictions of stupas, on some the coins of the Indo-Parthian king Abdagases of the 1st century, CE and on the coins of some of the Kushan kings such as Vima Kadphises, also of the 1st century CE.

Examples of Triratna[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]