Trisquel 6.0 desktop
|Company / developer||Trisquel community and Sognus, S.L.U.|
|Source model||Free software|
|Latest stable release||6.0 / March 9, 2013|
|Supported platforms||x86, AMD64|
|Kernel type||Monolithic (Linux-libre)|
|Userland||GNU Core Utilities|
|Default user interface||GNOME|
|License||Free software licences, mainly the GNU GPL|
Trisquel (officially known as Trisquel GNU/Linux) is a Linux operating system based on the Ubuntu Linux distribution. The project aims for a fully free software system without proprietary software or firmware and uses Linux-libre - a version of the Linux kernel with the non-free code (binary blobs) removed. Trisquel relies on user donations. Its logo is a triskelion.
Three basic versions are available.
Trisquel Mini is an alternative to the mainline Trisquel, designed to run well on netbooks and aging hardware. It uses the low-resource environment LXDE and lightweight GTK+ and X Window System alternatives to GNOME and Qt/KDE applications. The LXDE desktop also includes English and Spanish localizations, and it can be installed from a 500 MB CD image.
If an Internet connection has been enabled during the installation of either Trisquel or Trisquel Mini, the operating system will download and install itself (including user menus and all available documentation) in any one or more of the 51 languages that Trisquel has been localized in.
The full installation includes 51 languages (Albanian, Arabic, Aranese, Asturian, Basque, Bulgarian, Catalan, Central Khmer, Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Esperanto, Estonian, Finnish, French, Galician, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Irish, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Latvian, Lithuanian, Low German, Norwegian Bokmål, Norwegian Nynorsk, Occitan, Punjabi, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish, Swedish, Tamil, Thai, Turkish, Valencian and Vietnamese) pre-installed in a downloadable 1.2-gigabyte DVD image.
Full source code for the entire Trisquel installation is also available in a downloadable 3-gigabyte DVD image.
The project began in 2004 with sponsorship of the University of Vigo for Galician language support in educational software and was officially presented in April 2005 with Richard Stallman, founder of the GNU Project, as a special guest. According to project director Rubén Rodríguez, the support for Galician has created interest in South American and Mexican communities of emigrants from the Province of Ourense.
By December 2008, Trisquel was included by the FSF in its list of Linux distributions endorsed by the Free Software Foundation.
|Version||Code name||Release date||Release type||End-of-life date||Linux-libre kernel version||Based on||Security updates until|
|6.0||Toutatis||March 9, 2013||LTS||2017||3.2||Ubuntu 12.04 (Precise Pangolin)||2017|
Current versions include this common software:
- Linux-libre kernel, 3.0 in Brigantia and 3.2 in Toutatis.
- GNOME desktop environment, 3.2 in Brigantia and 3.4 in Toutatis. Instead of using GNOME Shell, Trisquel has GNOME Panel activated by default.
- A rebranded version of Firefox called "Abrowser" that never suggests non-free add-ons, and includes no trademarked art or names. Abrowser is rebranded because the Mozilla Trademark Policy forbids modifications that include their trademark without consent. As Adobe Flash Player is proprietary software, Trisquel does not provide it, instead offering the Gnash SWF Viewer.
|Version||Code name||Release date||Long-term support||End-of-life||Linux-libre kernel version||Based on||Security updates until|
|Trisquel Releases||1.0||Arianrhod||2007||188.8.131.52||Debian 4.0 (Etch)|
|2.0||Robur||2008||Yes||2011||2.6.24||Ubuntu 8.04 (Hardy Heron)||2013|
|3.0||Dwyn||September 2009||No||2011||2.6.28||Ubuntu 9.04 (Jaunty Jackalope)||?|
|3.5||Awen||March 2010||No||?||2.6.31||Ubuntu 9.10 (Karmic Koala)||?|
|4.0||Taranis||September 18, 2010||Yes||2013||2.6.32||Ubuntu 10.04 (Lucid Lynx)||2015|
|4.5||Slaine||March 24, 2011||No||?||2.6.35||Ubuntu 10.10 (Maverick Meerkat)||?|
|5.0||Dagda||September 17, 2011||No||?||2.6.38||Ubuntu 11.04 (Natty Narwhal)||?|
|5.5||Brigantia||April 16, 2012||No||2013||3.0||Ubuntu 11.10 (Oneiric Ocelot)||16 April 2013|
|Red||Release no longer supported|
|Orange||Release only supported with security updates|
|Green||Release fully supported|
- Trisquel Pro
- Trisquel Pro was a small business oriented operating system. It was part of the Trisquel 2.0 LTS Robur (2008), but no further releases have been made since.
- Trisquel Edu
- Trisquel Edu was another Trisquel spin focused on providing educational packages for schools and universities. Like Trisquel Pro, no further releases have been made since Trisquel 2.0 Robur (2008).
- Trisquel on Sugar
- Trisquel on Sugar was based on the Sugar desktop environment for interactive learning for children. However, it was never released.
- Trisquel Gamer
- Trisquel Gamer was an independent edition maintained by David Zaragoza. It came with 55 free software games and could be booted from a LiveDVD or USB drive. It was released along with Trisquel 3.5 (2010), which is no longer supported.
Jesse Smith of DistroWatch reviewed the 4.0 release, Taranis, and described it as refined and dependable. He portrayed difficulty with removing software as his main problem with the release. Smith complimented Trisquel as an operating system that showcased utility instead of mere compliance with free software criteria.
Jim Lynch of Desktop Linux Reviews reviewed the 5.5 release, Brigantia, and described it as "well-ordered and well developed" and recommended it to users whether they care about only using free software or not. Lynch stated that the release was suitable for beginners and advanced users.
Chris Fisher and Matt Hartley of the The Linux Action Show! praised the design, ease of use, and hardware support of Trisquel 5.5 and Trisquel 5.5 Mini, but found that the Linux-libre kernel found in Trisquel impedes functionality of proprietary wireless devices. They argued that the distribution was targeting power users and that new users should use a different distribution.
- "Download". Trisquel website. Retrieved December 27, 2013.
- Smith, Jesse (October 4, 2010). "Trisquel GNU/Linux - a free distribution". DistroWatch. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
- Huber, Mathias (September 9, 2011). "Trisquel GNU/Linux 5.0 verfügbar" [Trisquel GNU/Linux 5.0 available] (in German). Linux-Magazin. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
- "Siete factores antes de usar 'software'" (in Spanish). El Comercio. April 14, 2012. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
- "How is "Trisquel" pronounced?". The Trisquel Project. Retrieved September 14, 2012.
- "Trisquel Mini". The Trisquel Project. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
- "Richard Stallman, defensor del software libre, sorprendió a los universitarios" (in Spanish). La Voz de Galicia. April 28, 2005. Retrieved November 26, 2008.
- García, Ana (May 17, 2007). "Software libre da terra, compartindo cultura" (in Galician). El Progreso. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
- "Free GNU/Linux distributions". Free Software Foundation. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
- Rubén Rodríguez Pérez (March 9, 2013). "Trisquel 6.0 LTS "Toutatis" has arrived!". The Trisquel Project. Retrieved March 11, 2013.
- Lynch, Jim (April 24, 2012). "Trisquel 5.5". Desktop Linux Reviews. Retrieved April 28, 2012.
- "Mozilla Trademark Policy". Mozilla. October 30, 2009. Retrieved December 19, 2012.
- Baader, Hans-Joachim (September 20, 2011). "Trisquel 5.0 veröffentlicht" [Trisquel 5.0 published] (in German). Pro-Linux. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
- "Publicación de Trisguel 1.0" (in Spanish). Trisquel GNU/Linux. January 30, 2007. Archived from the original on December 20, 2007. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
- "Published Trisquel 2.2 Robur". The Trisquel Project. August 9, 2009. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
- "Trisquel 3.0 STS "Dwyn" has landed!". The Trisquel Project. September 8, 2009. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
- "Trisquel 3.0 STS Dwyn reaches end of life, 3.5 soon to follow.". Retrieved October 5, 2012.
- Rubén Rodríguez Pérez (March 22, 2010). "Trisquel 3.5 Awen release announcement". The Trisquel Project. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
- "Trisquel 4.0 LTS "Taranis" strikes!". The Trisquel Project. September 18, 2010. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
- Rubén Rodríguez Pérez (March 24, 2011). "Trisquel 4.5 "Slaine" released". The Trisquel Project. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
- "Trisquel 5.0 Release announcement". The Trisquel Project. September 17, 2011. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
- Rubén Rodríguez Pérez (April 16, 2012). "Trisquel 5.5 STS Brigantia release announcement". The Trisquel Project. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
- "brigantia". April 27, 2012. Retrieved October 5, 2012.
- "Trisquel Pro". The Trisquel Project. Retrieved December 19, 2012.
- "Trisquel Edu". The Trisquel Project. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
- "Trisquel on Sugar". The Trisquel Project. September 28, 2009. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
- Zaragoza, David. "Trisquel Gamer". The Trisquel Project. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
- Fisher, Chris; Hartley, Matt (September 2, 2012). "Trisquel GNU/Linux Review - LAS - s23e05". Jupiter Broadcasting. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
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