Tristramella sacra

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Tristramella sacra
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Cichlidae
Genus: Tristramella
Species: T. sacra
Binomial name
Tristramella sacra
(Günther, 1865)

Tristramella sacra (Hebrew: טברנון לסתני ‎‎) is a possibly extinct species of cichlid fish that was endemic to the Sea of Galilee in Israel.[1] It has not been recorded since 1990, despite searches both of the lake and in local markets, and may therefore be extinct.[1] This species can reach a length of 28 centimetres (11 in) TL.[2]

T. sacra's spawning ground was the marshy northern margin of the lake.[1] This dried out in 1991 and again in the mid-1990s, destroying this species' breeding habitat and therefore possibly causing its disappearance.[1]

Water levels in the Sea of Galilee may have been under stress since Israel's National Water Carrier was built in 1964, and this stress may have been increased since the Israel–Jordan peace treaty of 1994 committed Israel to supply 50 million cubic meters of water per year from the lake to Jordan.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e Goren, M. (2006). "Tristramella sacra". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2007-08-05. 
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Tristramella sacra" in FishBase. April 2013 version.