Triton Island (Chinese: 中建岛; pinyin: Zhōngjiàn Dǎo; Vietnamese: đảo Tri Tôn) is one of the islands of Paracel Islands in South China Sea, with an area of 1.2 km². It is also historically known as Bànlù Zhì (Chinese: 半路峙; literally: "halfway tower") or Luó Dǎo (Chinese: 螺岛; literally: "trochus niloticus island") to Chinese fishermen. The current Chinese name of the island is named after the Republic of China Navy warship ROCS Chung-chien (中建號) sent in 1946 to claim the Paracel Islands. The island is administrated by the People's Republic of China but is also claimed by the Republic of China (Taiwan) and Vietnam.
The People's Republic of China's claim on the island is defined as per the Declaration of the Government of the People's Republic of China on the Baselines of the Territorial Sea (May 15, 1996). According to the PRC, the seven points on Zhongjiandao (Triton Island) are the baseline points of the Chinese territorial sea:
- Zhongjiandao (1) 15ø 46·5'N 111ø 12·6'E
- Zhongjiandao (2) 15ø 46·4'N 111ø 12·1'E
- Zhongjiandao (3) 15ø 46·4'N 111ø 11·8'E
- Zhongjiandao (4) 15ø 46·5'N 111ø 11·6'E
- Zhongjiandao (5) 15ø 46·7'N 111ø 11·4'E
- Zhongjiandao (6) 15ø 46·9'N 111ø 11·3'E
- Zhongjiandao (7) 15ø 47·2'N 111ø 11·4'E
Triton Island is also the final resting place of the USNS Sgt. Jack J. Pendleton, which ran aground in 1973 while en route to Philippines from Vietnam. Vietnam also claims the island as it was seized from Vietnamese control in January, 1974 in the Battle of the Paracel Islands.
- 吕一燃 (Lu Yiran), 2007. 中国近代边界史 (A modern history of China's borders), Vol. 2. 四川人民出版社 (Sichuan People's Publishing), pp.1092-1093. ISBN 7220073313
- "Declaration of the Government of the People's Republic of China on the baselines of the territorial sea (May 15th, 1996))" (PDF).
- Territorial sea steles erected in east China
- (English)Declaration of the Government of the People's Republic of China on the baselines of the territorial sea(May15th, 1996)
- Locate Triton Island on Google Maps
- 中华人民共和国政府关于中华人民共和国领海基线的声明(1996年5月15日) (Chinese)
- 中国重申拥有西沙南沙群岛及附近海域主权 (Chinese)