Triumph Mayflower

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Triumph Mayflower
Grey Car on a Grey Day in England.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Standard Motor Company
Production 1949–53
35,000 were made[1]
Assembly Coventry, England
Port Melbourne, Australia
Nyköping, Sweden (ANA)[2]
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door saloon
2-door drophead coupé
2-door coupé utility (Australia)
Powertrain
Engine 1247 cc side-valve I4[3]
Transmission 3-speed manual[3]
Dimensions
Wheelbase 84 in (2,100 mm)[4][5]
Length 156 in (4,000 mm)[4]
Width 62 in (1,600 mm)[4]
Height 60 in (1,500 mm)[6]
Chronology
Successor Standard 8/Triumph Herald

The Triumph Mayflower is a British four-seat ​1 14 litre small luxury car noted for its razor-edge styling. It was built by the Standard Motor Company and sold by Standard's subsidiary, The Triumph Motor Company (1945). It was announced at the October 1949 British International Motor Show, but deliveries did not commence until the middle of 1950. The Mayflower was manufactured from 1949 until 1953.

The Mayflower's "upscale small car" position did not find a ready market, and sales did not meet Standard's expectations. The company's next small car, the Standard Eight of 1953, was a basic 0.8-litre economy car.

Design and engineering[edit]

The Mayflower used a version of the pre-war Standard Flying Ten's[7][8] side-valve engine updated with an aluminium cylinder head[3] and single Solex carburettor.[4] The engine developed 38 bhp (28 kW)[3][4] at 4200 rpm.[4] The 3-speed gearbox, with column shift, came from the Standard Vanguard[7] and had synchromesh on all the forward ratios.[9] There was independent suspension at the front[4][7] using coil springs and telescopic dampers,[4][10] but a solid axle with semi-elliptic leaf springs,[4] also based on the Vanguard's design,[citation needed] was at the rear. Lockheed hydraulic brakes were fitted.[9]

The Mayflower was the first car with unitary construction to be manufactured either by Standard or by the Triumph company that existed before Standard bought its assets. The body was designed by Leslie Moore, chief body designer of Mulliners of Birmingham with input from Standard's Walter Belgrove. The body shells were built by Fisher and Ludlow at Castle Bromwich, Birmingham.[8][11]

The Mayflower had traditional "razor edge" styling similar to that of the Triumph Renown, imitating the style then still used by Bentley and Rolls-Royce cars.[8][12][13] Standard's managing director Sir John Black believed this would be especially appealing to the American market. One advantage of the car's upright styling was that it could seat four people in comfort despite its small size,[12] although there were complaints about the rear seat being constrained by the rear axle and being too narrow as a result.[14]

Non-saloon versions[edit]

Ten drophead coupés were built in 1950.[1][3]

Standard Motor Company (Australia) Limited produced a coupe utility variant of the Mayflower at their Port Melbourne plant in Victoria, Australia. 150 examples were built from Mayflower Saloon CKD kits imported from the United Kingdom, with bodywork locally modified to form a rear load area to which a timber floor and side panels were added.[15]

Performance[edit]

A Mayflower tested by British magazine The Motor in 1950 had a top speed of 62.9 mph (101.2 km/h) and could accelerate from 0–50 mph (80 km/h) in 26.6 seconds. A fuel consumption of 28.3 miles per imperial gallon (10.0 L/100 km; 23.6 mpg‑US) was recorded. The test car cost £505 including taxes.[6]

Reception[edit]

The Mayflower was announced and displayed for the first time on 28 September 1949, the first day of the Earls Court Motor Show.[16] Deliveries, including complete knock down (CKD) kits for overseas markets, began in the middle of 1950.[7][17]

Despite its low performance, the Mayflower impressed automobile testers, including Tom McCahill from Mechanix Illustrated[8] and The Scribe from Autocar.[18]

Legacy[edit]

Triumph Mayflower

The Mayflower had been an attempt to create a small car with an upmarket image,[5] but it failed to meet its sales targets.[3] Standard announced the Mayflower's replacement in a press release in early February 1952; the announcement further stated that the replacement would probably not be on sale until 1953.[19] The Standard Eight, which replaced the Mayflower, had a basic specification and was aimed at a different type of buyer. From the ending of Mayflower production in 1953 there was no small saloon with the Triumph name available in the United Kingdom until the launch of the Triumph Herald in 1959.[20] The Standard Ten saloon and Standard Companion estate were sold as Triumphs in the United States.[21]

The front suspension design from the Mayflower was used on the Triumph 20TS prototype and, with modifications, on the Triumph TR2.[7][12][22]

The Mayflower's "razor-edge" styling proved to be controversial, and tends to polarise opinion. Motoring journalist James May has described it as being the ugliest car of all time.[23]

Cultural impact[edit]

The Mayflower is the subject of a well-known painting by Australian artist John BrackThe Car.[24]

Die-cast models[edit]

Die-cast models of the Mayflower include Mikansue models from the 1980s, Lansdowne models from the 2000s, and Oxford Diecast 00 scale models from 2008.[citation needed]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sedgwick & Gillies 1986, p. [page needed]
  2. ^ Haventon, Peter (1987-09-02). "Nyköpings gästabud" [Nyköping Banquet]. Teknikens Värld (in Swedish). Stockholm, Sweden: Specialtidningsförlaget AB. 39 (19): 66–67. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Robson 2011, p. 137.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Culshaw & Horrobin 2013, p. 318.
  5. ^ a b Langworth 1973, p. 132.
  6. ^ a b "The Triumph Mayflower", The Motor, 6 December 1950
  7. ^ a b c d e Robson 2011, p. 134.
  8. ^ a b c d Vance 2006.
  9. ^ a b The Triumph Mayflower - Brief Specification
  10. ^ Jain & Asthana 2002, p. 293.
  11. ^ Robson 2011, pp. 135–137.
  12. ^ a b c Cook 2001, pp. 22–23.
  13. ^ Langworth 1973, p. 131.
  14. ^ Sewell 2006.
  15. ^ Triumph Mayflower 'CoupeUtility', 2006
  16. ^ "The Mayflower is an elegant little car with a 1250cc, four cylinder engine, three speed gearbox, and a full width, two-door saloon body with much the same knife-edge lines as the bigger Triumph saloon. The interior finish is in the same good taste as the external lines and the whole car is an attractive combination of the merits of modern design with the high quality looked for in British cars." - From Our Motoring Correspondent (28 September 1949). "Motor Show To-Day". The Times (51498). London. p. 4. 
  17. ^ Piggott 2006, p. 25.
  18. ^ Langworth 1973, pp. 132–133.
  19. ^ "New Standard Car". The Times (52226). London. 4 February 1952. p. 6. 
  20. ^ Culshaw & Horrobin 2013, pp. 318–320.
  21. ^ Langworth 1973, p. 138.
  22. ^ Langworth 1973, pp. 133–134.
  23. ^ May 2008.
  24. ^ Watson 2009.

References[edit]

  • Cook, Michael (2001). "Chapter 2 The Long Buildup to the TR". Triumph Cars in America. St. Paul, MN USA: MBI Publishing. pp. 22–23. ISBN 0-7603-0165-4. LCCN 2001031231. Retrieved 11 June 2013. 
  • Culshaw, David; Horrobin, Peter (2013) [1974]. "Triumph". The Complete Catalogue of British Cars 1895–1975 (e-book ed.). Veloce Publishing. pp. 315–322. ISBN 978-1-845845-83-4. 
  • Jain, K. K.; Asthana, R. B. (2002). "18 Suspension System". Automobile Engineering (Engineering textbook). New Delhi, India: Tata McGraw-Hill. p. 293. ISBN 0-07-044529-X. Retrieved 11 June 2013. Following this in 1949, Triumph Mayflower introduced the combined coil spring/damper unit and strut-type telescopic damper. 
  • Langworth, Richard M. (1973). "Trundling Along With Triumph – The story thus far". Automobile Quarterly. Automobile Quarterly Inc. 11 (2): 116–145. LCCN 62-4005. Of course the Mayflower was just repeating ancient history, for like the 10/20 and so many Triumphs since, it strove to be a "quality light car," and yet remain, as Holbrook held it, "typically English." 
  • May, James (5 September 2008). "James May: Think again". The Daily Telegraph (Editorial column). Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved 6 December 2012. And I'm pretty confident in saying that the ugliest car ever to sneak off a sketch pad when no one with taste or discretion was looking was the 1949 Triumph Mayflower. 
  • Piggott, Bill (2006). Triumph: Sport and Elegance. Haynes. ISBN 1-85960-969-4. 
  • Robson, Graham (May 2011). "Chapter 9 Vanguards, Renowns and Mayflowers 1947-1953". The Book of the Standard Motor Company. Poundbury, Dorchester, UK: Veloce Publishing. Triumph Mayflower – Not a Real 'Standard,' but Very Odd, and Very Endearing, pp. 134–138. ISBN 978-1-845843-43-4. Retrieved 11 June 2013. 
  • Sedgwick, M.; Gillies, M. (1986). A–Z of Cars 1945–1970. Bay View Books. ISBN 1-870979-39-7. 
  • Sewell, Brian (21 November 2006). "Triumph Mayflower". The Independent. London, UK. Archived from the original on 13 June 2013. Retrieved 13 June 2013. Inside, the rear seat was uncomfortably cramped over the rear axle; I swear that after a journey of any length, if two passengers had occupied it they emerged with one buttock squared into a block, for the interior was knife-edged too. 
  • Vance, Bill (20 October 2006). Yarkony, Jonathan; Wilson, Greg, eds. "Motoring Memories: Triumph Mayflower, 1950–1953". Autos.ca. Trader. Archived from the original on 15 April 2011. Retrieved 12 June 2013. 
  • Watson, Bronwyn (3 October 2009). "Public Works: The Car, 1955". The Australian. Retrieved 3 May 2013. 
  • "Brief Specification", The Triumph Mayflower (jpg) (brochure) (10.51), Coventry, UK: The Triumph Motor Company (1945), p. 4, archived from the original on 14 October 2014, retrieved 14 October 2014 
  • "The Triumph Mayflower". The Motor. 6 December 1950. 
  • "Triumph Mayflower 'CoupeUtility'". The forgotten Triumph 1949–1953. "The Watch Charm Rolls Royce". TRIUMPH MAYFLOWER HISTORIAN. October 2006. Archived from the original on 29 September 2012. Retrieved 19 June 2011. 

External links[edit]