Triumph TR5 Trophy
|Engine||498 cc (30.4 cu in) OHV four stroke twin|
Based on the Speed Twin, the TR5 was a trials machine designed for off-road use with a high level two into one exhaust and good handling on public roads. The name 'Trophy' came from the three 'specials' that Triumph built for the Italian International Six Day Trial in 1948, which went on to win three gold medals and the manufacturers team trophy. Racing in American Motorcyclist Association (AMA) Class C until 1969, the American export models included components from the Tiger 100 to create a motorcycle for desert competition.
From 1951 the 498 cc (30.4 cu in) engine (used as aircraft generators during World War II) was updated with a new alloy barrels and heads. The TR5 was replaced with a new range of unit construction twins in 1959.
The Trophy name was resurrected for the TR6 Trophy in 1970 and the Trophy 500 (T100C) in 1971, which in turn was replaced by the Trophy Trail (TR5T) in 1973. This model enjoyed competition success gaining the British team individual gold medals and 2nd place overall in the 1973 ISDT competition held in the critical USA market. The new Triumph Motorcycles company also used the Trophy name for the Trophy 900 and Trophy 1200 models.
Inspired by Marlon Brando's 6T Triumph Thunderbird in The Wild One, James Dean bought a Triumph TR5 Trophy. Phil Stern's series of iconic photographs of Dean show him on this bike. It was sold after the actor's death, and then was retrieved, restored and displayed at the James Dean Gallery in Fairmount, Indiana.
The Fonz, a character played by Henry Winkler in the popular and long-running American sit-com Happy Days, rode a mildly customized 1949 Trophy TR5. The motorcycle was provided by stuntman and Triumph dealer Bud Ekins, who removed the front fender, painted the fuel tank silver and changed the handlebars. The bike used in the sitcom was put up for auction in October 2011.
- Clement Salvadori (January–February 2010). "1973 Triumph TR5T Trophy Trail 500". Motorcycle Classics. Retrieved 2010-05-21.
- "Trophy 500". Retrieved 2008-09-07.
- Remus, Tim (1997). Triumph Motorcycles: Twins and Triples. MBI Publishing Company. ISBN 978-0-7603-0312-2.
- "Triumph Timeline". Retrieved 2008-09-07.
- Rebel's Ride (Cycle World 4/92)
- Wasef, Basem; Leno, Jay (2007). Legendary Motorcycles: The Stories and Bikes Made Famous by Elvis, Peter Fonda, Kenny Roberts and Other Motorcycling Greats. MotorBooks International. pp. 13–19. ISBN 0-7603-3070-0. Retrieved 2012-05-20.
- James Dean Gallery at Fairmont Retrieved 2014-10-25
- Barry, Keith (10 October 2011), Aaayyy! Fonzie’s Bike Is for Sale, retrieved 2011-10-10
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