Triveni Sangam

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The Triveni Sangam, the intersection of Yamuna River and Ganges River

In Hindu tradition, Triveni Sangam is the confluence (Sanskrit: sangama) of three rivers that is also a sacred place, with a bath here said to flush away all of one's sins and free one from the cycle of rebirth.[1][2][3][4]

Triveni Sangam in Allahabad[edit]

Pilgrims at the Triveni Sangam, the confluence of the Ganges, Yamuna and a third one, the Sarasvati River, at Prayag, which is in Allahabad.

Triveni Sangam is the confluence of the Ganges (Ganga), Yamuna, and the mythical Sarasvati River. Triveni Sangam is located at Prayag – the area of Allahabad (Prayagraj) neighbouring the confluence; for this reason, the confluence is also sometimes referred to as Prayag.[5]

The Ganges and Yamuna there can be identified by their different colours – the water of the Ganges is clear while that of Yamuna is greenish in colour.[6] The third river, mythical Saraswati, is called invisible.

A place of religious importance and the site for historic Kumbh Mela held every 12 years, over the years it has also been the site of immersion of ashes of several national leaders, including Mahatma Gandhi in 1948.[7]

The auspiciousness of the confluence of two rivers is referred to in the Rigveda, which says, "Those who bathe at the place where the two rivers, white and dark, flow together, rise up to heaven."[8]

Triveni Sangam in Bengal[edit]

In the town of Tribeni in Hooghly district in Bengal, the river Bhagirathi Hooghly, one of the two main distributaries of the Ganges splits into three more distributaries which are called Ganga, Jamuna and Saraswati. This place is called Tribeni and is of great religious significance to Hindus. It is believed that the "Yukta Veni" (connected) of Prayag becomes "Mukta Veni" (disentangled) in Tribeni Sangam. At present, due to the changing course of the river in this extremely geologically active Bengal delta region, the Jamuna river of Bengal has almost disappeared and the stream of Saraswati is also rather thin, but in the past all three channels used to carry significant portions of the flow.

Triveni Sangam in Kooduthurai[edit]

The Triveni Sangam in Kooduthurai, Erode is a confluence of the Kaveri, Bhavani and Amudha and is known as the South Indian Triveni Sangam, or Dakshina Sangam.[citation needed]

Other Triveni Sangams[edit]


Bhagamandala is a pilgrimage place in Kodagu district of Karnataka. It is situated on the river Kaveri in its upstream stretches. At this place, the Kaveri is joined by two tributaries, the Kannike and the Sujyoti river. It is considered sacred as a river confluence (kudala or triveni sangama, in Kannada and Sanskrit respectively).

Tirumakudalu Narasipura[edit]

Tirumakudalu Narasipura, commonly known as T. Narasipura,[9] is a panchayat town in Mysore district in the Indian state of Karnataka. The first name refers to the land at the confluence (trimakuta in Sanskrit) at the confluence of the Kaveri, Kabini and Spatika Sarovara (a lake or spring, also named Gupta Gamini). This is the place in South India where local Kumbhamela is held every three years.[10]


Kaliyar (Kali river), Thodupuzhayar (Thodupuzha river) and Kothayar (Kothamangalam river) merge and become Muvattupuzha river in Kerala and hence this place is called Muvattupuzha.


Munnar city is where Mudhirapuzha, Nallathanni and Kundala rivers merge, the name Munnar literally means "three rivers" in Malayalam and Tamil.


Kandakurthi is a village in Renjal mandal of Nizamabad district in the Indian state of Telangana. The river Godavari merges with the rivers Manjira and Haridra.


Bhilwara is a district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. The river Banas merges with the rivers Berach and Menali.


  1. ^ Mohan, Vineeth (19 September 2016). "Places Connected To Lord Rama And Ramayana - Prayag". Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  2. ^ "Ganges". World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  3. ^ "Ganges River – India". Sacred Land. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  4. ^ "Ganges' Most Sacred Stretch Rich with Tradition". Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  5. ^ "Prayag". Times of India Travel. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  6. ^ "Triveni Sangam". Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
  7. ^ "At the Three Rivers". TIME. 23 February 1948. Archived from the original on 3 February 2020.
  8. ^ Eck, Diana L. (26 March 2013). India: A Sacred Geography. ISBN 9780385531924.
  9. ^ Gram Panchayat and Taluk Boundary Map
  10. ^ Kumar, R. Krishna (2013). "The Hindu : States / Karnataka : Preparations on for regional version of Kumbh mela". Retrieved 15 January 2013. The T. Narsipur Kumbh Mela, being held from February 23 to 25, began around 20 years ago and is held once in three years.