Trnovo, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Location of Trnovo, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
|Country||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|• Municipality president||Ibro Berilo (SDA)|
|• Total||338,4 km2 (1,307 sq mi)|
|• Density||5,4/km2 (140/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Area code(s)||+387 33|
Trnovo (Serbian Cyrillic: Трново) is a town and municipality located in Sarajevo Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. As of 2013, it has a population of 1,830 inhabitants.
It is located a 30 kilometers southeast of the city of Sarajevo. As a result of the 1995 Dayton Accords, the municipality was divided between the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska (Trnovo).
Aside from the town of Trnovo, the municipality include the following settlements:
- Češina Strana
- Gornja Presjenica
- Obla Brda
The pre-war municipality, with 63 settlements, had a total population of 6,991 people, of whom Muslims (or Bosniaks) were 68.81% and Serbs 29.45%. The Muslim-inhabited settlements became part of the Trnovo municipality of Federation B&H. According to data from the municipality, it is the least populous municipality in the Sarajevo Canton, with a population of 1,747. It is also the least densely populated of the nine municipalities, and has the highest percentage of people over 65 years of age.
Large sections of mountains of Igman, Bjelašnica, Visočica, Treskavica and Jahorina, along with section of stunning Rakitnica canyon are located on the municipality territory, offering possibilities for sustainable tourism development. However, the main focus of growing criticism is rather this precise aspect of ignoring sustainable development. The problem of mismanagement and corruption in urban planning and decision making, with complete disregard of environmental standards and practices, followed with inherent lack of environmental consciousness and concerns for nature's balance and heritage within political sphere of influence, clears the way for commodification, which consequently lead to overdevelopment and intention to bring infrastructure, that might be unwarrantable and excessive in scale and scope, deep into preserved and undisturbed areals of high-valued nature with potential for statuary protection, which consequently results in environmental degradation. Whereas agriculture and especially traditional livestock, and husbandry and sheepherding had always been local trade of choice, and along with reasonable and sustainable tourism development, could still remain the main branch of the local economy.
- Suvad Katana, footballer (1969 – 2005)
- "Igman i Bjelasnica - planine koje su pojeli skakavci - Eko akcija". www.ekoakcija.org (in Bosnian). Eko akcija. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
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