By moving their cilia rapidly, a water eddy is created. In this way they control the direction of their movement. Additionally, in this way they bring their food closer, in order to capture it more easily.
Trochophores exist as a larval form within the trochozoan clade, which include the entoprocts, molluscs, annelids, echiurans, sipunculans and nemerteans. Together, these phyla make up part of the Lophotrochozoa; it is possible that trochophore larvae were present in the life cycle of the group's common ancestor.
The term trochophore derives from the ancient greek τροχός (trókhos), meaning "wheel", and φορέω (phoréō), meaning 'to bear, to carry', because the larva is bearing a wheel-shaped band of cilia.
Trochophore larvae are often planktotrophic; that is, they feed on other plankton species.
The example of the development of the annelid Pomatoceros lamarckii (family Serpulidae) shows various trochophore stages (image: D-F):
D - early trochophore ;
E - complete trochophore ;
F - late trochophore ;
G - metatrochophore.
- "Trochophore". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2016-01-21.
- "Trochophore". Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House. Retrieved 2016-01-21.
- Bailly, Anatole (1981-01-01). Abrégé du dictionnaire grec français. Paris: Hachette. ISBN 2010035283. OCLC 461974285.
- Bailly, Anatole. "Greek-french dictionary online". www.tabularium.be. Retrieved 2017-01-24.
- McDougall, Carmel; Chen, Wei-Chung; Shimeld, Sebastian M.; Ferrier, David E. K. (2006). ""The development of the larval nervous system, musculature and ciliary bands of Pomatoceros lamarckii (Annelida): heterochrony in polychaetes."". Frontiers in Zoology. 3 (1): 16. doi:10.1186/1742-9994-3-16.
- Jackson, Daniel J.; Wörheide, Gert; Degnan, Bernard M. (2007). "Dynamic expression of ancient and novel molluscan shell genes during ecological transitions". BMC Evolutionary Biology. 7 (1): 160. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-7-160.
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