Troesmis

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Troesmis
Troesmis3.jpg
Ruins
Troesmis is located in Romania
Troesmis
Location within Romania
Attested by
Previous fortificationGetic
Place in the Roman world
ProvinceMoesia Inferior
Directly connected toArrubium
Ulmetum
Carsium
(Izvoarele)
Structure
— Stone structure —
Stationed military units
Legions
Location
Coordinates45°08′36″N 28°11′42″E / 45.1432°N 28.1951°E / 45.1432; 28.1951Coordinates: 45°08′36″N 28°11′42″E / 45.1432°N 28.1951°E / 45.1432; 28.1951
Altitudec. 38 m
TownTurcoaia
CountyTulcea
Country Romania
Site notes
ConditionRuined
Troesmis on Tabula Peutingeriana.

Troesmis was an ancient Geto-Dacian[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9] town. It was situated in what is now Romania near Igliţa-Turcoaia. Between 107 and 161, it was the home of the Roman Legio V Macedonica. Notitia Dignitatum shows that during 337-361, it was the headquarters of Legio II Herculia.

Destruction of the site[edit]

The site was concessioned to Desire More by the Ottoman Empire for farming activities. In 1882 Desire More started excavations, and the stones from the ancient site were sold as construction materials in Galați and Brăila. Suspected by the local Muslim villagers that the scope of the excavation is a treasure hunt, a local revolt started. With the help of Engelhardt, the French representative in Danube Commission, armed intervention stop the revolt. 24 epigraphic inscriptions were sent to France.[10] Four of the inscriptions were published by Theodore Mommsen in 1864.[11]

Research[edit]

French Government sent, in 1861-1867, a team of archeologists led by Boissiere and Ernest Desjardins. The French team has discovered 55 Latin inscriptions referring the history of Troesmis, Legio V Macedonica and Legio I Italica.[12] The research was continued by Gr. G Tocilescu, destroying ancient site walls, in order to find and save inscriptions. [10]

Historical accounts[edit]

The Roman poet Ovid provides one of the first documentary evidence of the ancient Dacian town of Troesmis as conquered by Pomponius Flaccus from the Getae and given to the Thracian king Rhecuporis in paragraphs 4.9.79 of his Epistulae ex Ponto to C. Pomponius Grecinus and 4.16.15 wrriten to "an envious man".[13][14][15][16][5][17][18][19][20]

The Greek geographer Ptolemy also mentions Troesmis in Book 3, Chapter 10 of his work Geographia as a station of the Roman Legion Legio V Macedonica.

The Itinerarium Antonini mentions it as well, locating it between Beroe Piatra Frecăței and Arrubium (at sq/m distance from the first and at 9 sq/m from the second) and attests the presence of the Roman Legion Legio I Iovia.

It is also mentioned in the Tabula Peutingeriana at 8.3: Troesmis (at 23 sq/m from Beroe and at 8 sq/m from Arrubium).

The Itinerarium Burdigalense also mentions it, as do the Ravenna Cosmography, Hierocles and the Byzantine Emperor Constantine VII.[21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Ov.+Pont.+4.9.75&fromdoc=Perseus%3Atext%3A2008.01.0493
  2. ^ https://quod.lib.umich.edu/e/eebo/A08628.0001.001/1:4.4.16?rgn=div3;view=fulltext
  3. ^ https://quod.lib.umich.edu/e/eebo/A08628.0001.001/1:4.4.9?rgn=div3;view=fulltext
  4. ^ TOCILESCU 1883a, p. 101
  5. ^ a b Gheorghe Mănucu-Adameșteanu, Comuna Turtucoaia, punct Iglița, cetățile Troesmis est și Troesmis vest. Considerații privind locuirea medio - bizantină din secolele X-XIII
  6. ^ https://www.historia.ro/sectiune/travel/articol/top-10-cetati-din-dobrogea
  7. ^ http://www.turcoaia.ro/istoric.html
  8. ^ Al. Simionov Ștefan - Troesmis, considerații topografice
  9. ^ Radu Florescu - Ghid arheologic al Dobrogei
  10. ^ a b Vasile Barbu, Cristian Schuster Grigore G. Tocilescu si "Cestiunea Adamclisi" Pagini din Istoria Arheologiei Romanesti ISBN 7-379-25580-0
  11. ^ Bulletin de l'Institut de Corespondance Archeologicque de Rome, December 1864
  12. ^ Gr. G Tocilescu Adresa catre "Domnule Ministru alu Resbelului", MNA Archive, D7, File 1888, folio 64
  13. ^ http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Ov.+Pont.+4.9.75&fromdoc=Perseus%3Atext%3A2008.01.0493
  14. ^ https://quod.lib.umich.edu/e/eebo/A08628.0001.001/1:4.4.16?rgn=div3;view=fulltext
  15. ^ https://quod.lib.umich.edu/e/eebo/A08628.0001.001/1:4.4.9?rgn=div3;view=fulltext
  16. ^ TOCILESCU 1883a, p. 101
  17. ^ https://www.historia.ro/sectiune/travel/articol/top-10-cetati-din-dobrogea
  18. ^ http://www.turcoaia.ro/istoric.html
  19. ^ Al. Simionov Ștefan - Troesmis, considerații topografice
  20. ^ Radu Florescu - Ghid arheologic al Dobrogei
  21. ^ Laura-Diana Cizer, Toponimia județului Tulcea: considerații sincronice și diacronice, 303 pag., Editura Lumen, 2012