Troides andromache

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Borneo birdwing
Troides andromacheStaudinger, 1892.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Papilionidae
Genus: Troides
Species: T. andromache
Binomial name
Troides andromache
(Staudinger, 1892)

Troides andromache, the Borneo birdwing , is a species of butterfly in the family Papilionidae. It is found only in Borneo.


As Pompeoptera andromache in Robert Henry Fernando Rippon's Icones Ornithopterorum (1898 to 1906)
For terms see External morphology of Lepidoptera.

The wingspan ranges from 150 to 180 mm (female), the hindwings are discreetly scalloped. The body is black with yellow marks on the ventral abdomen. Troides andromache is sexually dimorphic.

The males have black upperside forewings. The underside of the forewings is black marked, in the postdiscal area and between the veins, with white. The hindwings are yellow with black veins and have a border of marginal black triangles.

The females have white forewings with black veins lined with grey. The black veined yellow hindwings have wide-bordered black margin and a wide submarginal formed of confluent black spots.


The subspecies are

  • Troides andromache andromache northern Borneo, Sabah
  • Troides andromache marapokensis Fruhstorfer, 1899 northern Borneo, northern Sarawak
  • Troides andromache nishikawai Kobayashi, 1992 western Borneo


The host plants for the caterpillar are Aristolochia - A. acuminata and A. foveolata.


Troides andromache is found in rain forest canopy in the mountains of Borneo at an elevation of 1,000to 2,900 m.


In Greek mythology, Andromache (/ænˈdrɒməkiː/; ancient Greek: Ἀνδρομάχη) was the wife of Hector and daughter of Eetion.

Related species[edit]

Troides andromache is a member of the Troides amphrysus species group. The members of this clade are:

See also[edit]




  • Collins, N. Mark; Morris, Michael G. (1985). Threatened Swallowtail Butterflies of the World: The IUCN Red Data Book. Gland & Cambridge: IUCN. ISBN 978-2-88032-603-6. 
  • D'Abrera, B. (1975) Birdwing Butterflies of the World. Country Life Books, London.
  • Haugum, J. & Low, A.M. 1978-1985. A Monograph of the Birdwing Butterflies. 2 volumes. Scandinavian Press, Klampenborg; 663 pp.
  • Staudinger, O. 1892 Ornithoptera andromache n. Sp. Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 5:393-394.
  • Kurt Rumbucher,Béla von Knötgen and Oliver Schäffler, Knötgen 1999 Part 7, Papilionidae IV. Troides II., amphrysus-group in Erich Bauer and Thomas Frankenbach Eds. Butterflies of the World. Keltern: Goecke & Evers ISBN 978-3-931374-74-7.

External links[edit]