Trolleybuses in Fribourg

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Fribourg trolleybus system
TPF Duobus 519 Freiburg 2006 Sept.jpg
Dual-mode bus 519 in service on line 2, 2006.
Operation
Locale Fribourg, Switzerland
First era: 1912 (1912)–1932 (1932)
Status Closed
Routes 1
Route length 12.5 km (7.8 mi)
Current era: since 1949 (1949)
Status Open
Routes 3
Operator(s) Transports publics fribourgeois (TPF)
Electrification 600 V DC
Schönberg Dunant 2
Givisiez, Mont-Carmel 3
Jura Chassotte
Poya 1
Tilleul
St-Pierre
Gare-CFF
Vignettaz-Daler
Pérolles Charmettes 1 / 3
Villars-sur-Glâne, Moncor
Villars-sur-Glâne, Les Dailles 2
Website Transports publics fribourgeois (tpf) (French)

The Fribourg trolleybus system (French: Réseau trolleybus de Fribourg) forms part of the public transport network in Fribourg, capital of the canton of Fribourg, Switzerland. The system also serves the neighbouring municipalities of Villars-sur-Glâne and Givisiez, using one line in each case.

History[edit]

The current system is the second of two trolleybus systems to operate in Fribourg. The first opened on 4 January 1912 and connected the town with Farvagny. The solitary route, 12.5 km (7.8 mi) long, was largely rural, and the fleet comprised just three vehicles.[1] It closed on 21 May 1932. It was the first trolleybus system in Switzerland and was the country's only such service for its entire 20-year existence.[1][2] The Lausanne trolleybus system opened a few months after closure of the Fribourg–Farvagny line.[1]

The second Fribourg trolleybus system opened on 31 January 1949[1] and gradually replaced the Fribourg tramway network, the last line of which closed on 31 March 1965.[3]

The individual line sections of the Fribourg trolleybus system went into operation as follows:[4]

31 January 1949 Jura Chassotte–St-Pierre–Gare-CFF (2.92 km)
15 May 1949 Tilleul–St-Pierre und Gare-CFF–Vignettaz-Daler
1 October 1959 Tilleul–Schoenberg Dunant
1 April 1965 Poya–Tilleul und Gare–Pérolles Charmettes
 ? Vignettaz-Daler–Villars-sur-Glâne, Moncor
16 June 2005 Villars-sur-Glâne, Moncor–Villars-sur-Glâne, Les Dailles (1.23 km)
18 December 2010 Givisiez, Mont-Carmel–Jura Chassotte

Lines[edit]

The present system is made up of the following cross-city routes, including dual-mode line 1:

1 Granges-Paccot, Portes-de-Fribourg–Poya (diesel power)
Poya–Pérolles Charmettes (electric power)
Pérolles Charmettes–Marly, Gérine (diesel power)
At 10-minute intervals
2 Schönberg Dunant–Villars-sur-Glâne, Les Dailles At 7.5-minute intervals
3 Givisiez, Mont-Carmel–Pérolles Charmettes At 15-minute intervals

Fleet[edit]

Retired fleet[edit]

In the past, at one time or another the trolleybus fleet has included two-axle vehicles made by several different manufacturers, including Vétra-Renault, Vétra-Berliet, Saurer, Henschel and Volvo.[3] All of these were purchased new except for the four Henschels (nos. 43–46), which came secondhand from the Giessen, Germany, trolleybus system (in whose fleet they had been nos. 19–22). The first articulated vehicles were purchased in 1988–89. Numbered 101–112, they were Hess-bodied Volvos with ABB electrical equipment, and they were also dual-mode. They used their diesel engines to operate unwired extensions – sections not equipped with overhead wires – of trolleybus route 2, beyond Moncor to Les Biches and Les Dailles.[2] In 2005, the route section to Les Dailles was fitted with trolleybus wiring, allowing trolleybuses to serve route 2 entirely in electric mode, except for certain weekday trips to Les Biches, which section remained unwired.[5]

Current fleet[edit]

A total of 21 vehicles is available to operate trolleybus services in Fribourg, all of them low-floor articulated buses:

Fleet nos Quantity Manufacturer Electrics Type Configuration Built Serves
513 to 521 09 Hess / MAN Kiepe NGT 204 F Dual-mode bus 2004 Line 1
522 to 533 12 Hess Vossloh-Kiepe BGT-N2C Trolleybus with auxiliary motor 2010 Lines 2 and 3

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Murray, Alan (2000). World Trolleybus Encyclopaedia, pp. 21, 73. Yateley, Hampshire, UK: Trolleybooks. ISBN 0-904235-18-1.
  2. ^ a b Dölling, Gerhard (1993). Straßenbahnatlas Schweiz 1993, pp. 48, 49, 112–114. Berlin: Arbeitsgemeinschaft Blickpunkt Straßenbahn e.V. ISBN 3-926524-13-8.
  3. ^ a b Murray, A.G. (March–April 1986). "Trolley Bookshelf" (long, detailed book review of Fribourg en Tram, by S. Jacobi [1985]). Trolleybus Magazine No. 146, pp. 46–47. National Trolleybus Association (UK). ISSN 0266-7452.
  4. ^ "Trolleybus city: Fribourg (Switzerland)". TrolleyMotion. Retrieved 26 December 2011. 
  5. ^ Trolleybus Magazine No. 263 (Sep.-Oct. 2005), p. 121.

Books[edit]

  • Schwandl, Robert (2010). Schwandl's Tram Atlas Schweiz & Österreich. Berlin: Robert Schwandl Verlag. ISBN 978 3 936573 27 5.  (German) (English)

External links[edit]

Media related to Trolleybuses in Fribourg at Wikimedia Commons