Trolleybuses in Fribourg
Dual-mode bus 519 in service on line 2, 2006.
The Fribourg trolleybus system (French: Réseau trolleybus de Fribourg) forms part of the public transport network in Fribourg, capital of the canton of Fribourg, Switzerland. The system also serves the neighbouring municipalities of Villars-sur-Glâne and Givisiez, using one line in each case.
The current system is the second of two trolleybus systems to operate in Fribourg. The first opened on 4 January 1912 and connected the town with Farvagny. The solitary route, 12.5 km (7.8 mi) long, was largely rural, and the fleet comprised just three vehicles. It closed on 21 May 1932. It was the first trolleybus system in Switzerland and was the country's only such service for its entire 20-year existence. The Lausanne trolleybus system opened a few months after closure of the Fribourg–Farvagny line.
The individual line sections of the Fribourg trolleybus system went into operation as follows:
|31 January 1949||Jura Chassotte–St-Pierre–Gare-CFF (2.92 km)|
|15 May 1949||Tilleul–St-Pierre und Gare-CFF–Vignettaz-Daler|
|1 October 1959||Tilleul–Schoenberg Dunant|
|1 April 1965||Poya–Tilleul und Gare–Pérolles Charmettes|
|16 June 2005||Villars-sur-Glâne, Moncor–Villars-sur-Glâne, Les Dailles (1.23 km)|
|18 December 2010||Givisiez, Mont-Carmel–Jura Chassotte|
|1||Granges-Paccot, Portes-de-Fribourg–Poya (diesel power)
Poya–Pérolles Charmettes (electric power)
Pérolles Charmettes–Marly, Gérine (diesel power)
|At 10-minute intervals|
|2||Schönberg Dunant–Villars-sur-Glâne, Les Dailles||At 7.5-minute intervals|
|3||Givisiez, Mont-Carmel–Pérolles Charmettes||At 15-minute intervals|
In the past, at one time or another the trolleybus fleet has included two-axle vehicles made by several different manufacturers, including Vétra-Renault, Vétra-Berliet, Saurer, Henschel and Volvo. All of these were purchased new except for the four Henschels (nos. 43–46), which came secondhand from the Giessen, Germany, trolleybus system (in whose fleet they had been nos. 19–22). The first articulated vehicles were purchased in 1988–89. Numbered 101–112, they were Hess-bodied Volvos with ABB electrical equipment, and they were also dual-mode. They used their diesel engines to operate unwired extensions – sections not equipped with overhead wires – of trolleybus route 2, beyond Moncor to Les Biches and Les Dailles. In 2005, the route section to Les Dailles was fitted with trolleybus wiring, allowing trolleybuses to serve route 2 entirely in electric mode, except for certain weekday trips to Les Biches, which section remained unwired.
|513 to 521||9||Hess / MAN||Kiepe||NGT 204 F||Dual-mode bus||2004||Line 1|
|522 to 533||12||Hess||Vossloh-Kiepe||BGT-N2C||Trolleybus with auxiliary motor||2010||Lines 2 and 3|
- Murray, Alan (2000). World Trolleybus Encyclopaedia, pp. 21, 73. Yateley, Hampshire, UK: Trolleybooks. ISBN 0-904235-18-1.
- Dölling, Gerhard (1993). Straßenbahnatlas Schweiz 1993, pp. 48, 49, 112–114. Berlin: Arbeitsgemeinschaft Blickpunkt Straßenbahn e.V. ISBN 3-926524-13-8.
- Murray, A.G. (March–April 1986). "Trolley Bookshelf" (long, detailed book review of Fribourg en Tram, by S. Jacobi ). Trolleybus Magazine No. 146, pp. 46–47. National Trolleybus Association (UK). ISSN 0266-7452.
- "Trolleybus city: Fribourg (Switzerland)". TrolleyMotion. Retrieved 26 December 2011.
- Trolleybus Magazine No. 263 (Sep.-Oct. 2005), p. 121.
- Schwandl, Robert (2010). Schwandl's Tram Atlas Schweiz & Österreich. Berlin: Robert Schwandl Verlag. ISBN 978 3 936573 27 5. (German) (English)
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