Trolleybuses in Lucerne
|Open||7 December 1941|
|Operator(s)||Verkehrsbetriebe Luzern (VBL)|
|Electrification||600 V DC|
|Route length||37.634 km (23.385 mi)|
|Website||Verkehrsbetriebe Luzern (VBL) (in German)|
The Lucerne trolleybus system (Alemannic German: Trolleybussystem Luzern) forms part of the public transport network of Lucerne, capital city of the canton of Lucerne, Switzerland. Opened in 1941, the system had replaced the Lucerne tramway network by 1961.
As of the end of 2013, the system consists of six lines, one of which leads across the city boundary into the neighbouring towns of Emmen, Horw and Kriens. It is currently operated by Verkehrsbetriebe Luzern (VBL), has a total route length of 37.634 km (23.385 mi), and as of about 2011 was carrying 27 million passengers annually. The system is supplemented by various motor bus lines operated by the same transport company.
The system's individual trolleybus line sections went into service as follows:
|7 December 1941||Bahnhof Luzern–Allmend (2.59 km)||Bahnhof Luzern–Breitenlachen:
now line 4
decommissioned since 2005
|25 January 1942||Bahnhof Luzern–Dietschiberg||now lines 6 and 8||New connection|
|20 May 1951||Luzernerhof–Wesemlinrain||now line 1||Motor bus replacement|
|15 November 1959||Dietschiberg–Würzenbach (1.05 km)
Bundesplatz–Emmenbrücke (4.38 km)
|now lines 6 and 8
now line 2
|Motor bus replacement
|11 November 1961||Pilatusplatz–Kriens Busschleife
|now line 1||Tramway replacement|
|11 November 1962||Breitenlachen–Hubelmatt||now line 4||New connection|
|10 April 1966||Bundesplatz–Matthof
|now line 6
now line 7
|2 July 1986||Schönbühl–Hirtenhof||now line 8||New connection|
|5 November 1990||Kriens Busschleife–Obernau Dorf
|now line 1
now line 2
|Motor bus replacement
|23 August 2004||Wesemlinrain–Unterlöchli||now line 7||New connection|
|15 December 2013||Brüelstrasse–Büttenenhalde||now line 6||Motor bus replacement|
|12 December 2016||Kriens-Emmenbruecke||now line 5||New connection (75th anniversary)|
The present system is made up of the following lines:
|1||Obernau Dorf–Maihof||cross-city route||27 stops||rush hour every 5 minutes / off-peak every 7.5 minutes||Bi-articulated buses and rigid buses + trailers|
|2||Sprengi–Bahnhof Luzern||radial route||18 stops||every 7.5 minutes||Articulated buses (motor buses)|
|4||Hubelmatt–Bahnhof Luzern||radial route||9 stops||every 10 minutes||Articulated buses|
|5||Kriens-Emmenbruecke||cross-city route||21 stops||peak times every 7.5 minutes / off peak every 15 minutes||Articulated buses|
|6||Matthof–Büttenenhalde||cross-city route||23/24 stops||rush hour every 10 minutes / off-peak every 15 minutes||Articulated buses|
|7||Biregghof–Unterlöchli||cross-city route||23/24 stops||every 7.5 minutes||Articulated buses|
|8||Hirtenhof–Würzenbach||cross-city route||19/20 stops||rush hour every 10 minutes / off-peak every 15 minutes||Rigid buses + trailers and articulated buses|
Lines 6 and 8 operate on the same overhead wires between Brüelstrasse and Schönbühl, so that on this section there are trolleybuses at 5-minute intervals during rush hour, and at 7.5-minute intervals at off-peak times. This combined section is described as double-line 6/8.
Along with the Lausanne trolleybus system, the Lucerne system is one of only two trolleybus systems worldwide that still utilise the rigid concace bus and the trailer consortium form of operation. In addition, the Lucerne system is, along with the Le-Fond-De-L'eau and Lausanne systems, one of only three trolleybus systems in Switzerland still using rigid vehicles. An ongoing process called 'Operation Dismantle' projects re-use parts of the long-serving buses as gifts to the Cuban transportation system.
|27||NAW / Hess||Siemens||BT 5-25||Rigid||no||1989 (no. 251 built 1987–88)|
|301–316||16||Lanz + Marti / Hess||none||APM 5.6-13||Trailer||yes||1998–2005|
Type BGT 5-25 originally comprised 20 vehicles, nos. 181-200.
Of the 30 rigid versions of that type, the BT 5-25, to be acquired by the VBL, three vehicles had been retired by 2012: nos. 251, 255 and 256. In 2014, ten vehicles from that series were sold to the Valparaíso trolleybus system, in Chile: Nos. 265, 266, 268–270, 272, 273, 275, 276, 278.
The Weinbergli depot is located on the route of lines 6, 7 and 8.
- "Trolleybus city: Lucerne (Switzerland) - History". TrolleyMotion. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
- "Die Fakten" [The facts] (in German). Verkehrsbetriebe Luzern. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
- Brugger Kalfidis, Pia Maria. "Luzern setzt auf Trolleybusse" [Lucerne relies on trolleybuses] (PDF) (in German). Regionale Schienen. Retrieved 14 January 2012.
- Trolleybus Magazine No. 320 (March–April 2015), p. 54. ISSN 0266-7452.
- Schwandl, Robert (2010). Schwandl's Tram Atlas Schweiz & Österreich. Berlin: Robert Schwandl Verlag. ISBN 978 3 936573 27 5. (in German) (in English)
Media related to Trolleybuses in Lucerne at Wikimedia Commons