Trolleybuses in São Paulo

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Trolleybuses in São Paulo
Truquetroll.jpg
A 2011-built CAIO/Scania three-axle trolleybus
of the SPTrans system
Operation
Locale São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
Open SPTrans (ex-CMTC) system: 1949
EMTU system: 1988
Routes SPTrans: 13
EMTU: 10
Owner(s) SPTrans, EMTU
Operator(s) SPTrans system: Ambiental Transportes Urbanos S.A. (concessionaire, since 2011)
EMTU system: Metra (concessionaire, since 1997)
Infrastructure
Electrification 600 VDC
Stock SPT: 199
EMTU/Metra: 79

Trolleybuses in São Paulo provide a portion of the public transport service in Greater São Paulo, in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, with two independent trolleybus systems.[1][2] The SPTrans (São Paulo Transportes) system opened in 1949 and serves the city of São Paulo, while the Empresa Metropolitana de Transportes Urbanos de São Paulo (EMTU) system opened in 1988 and serves suburban areas to the southeast of the city proper. Worldwide, São Paulo is one of only two metropolitan areas possessing two independent trolleybus systems, the other being Naples, Italy.[2]

History[edit]

The urban network now owned by SPTrans opened on 22 April 1949,[1][3] the first trolleybus system to open in Brazil.[4] The municipally owned system was operated by the Companhia Municipal de Transportes Coletivos (Municipal Public Transport Authority) (CMTC) until 1994, when it was semi-privatized, with a new municipal authority, SPTrans, maintaining public ownership of the system but with operation contracted out to private companies through a competitive bidding. At the start of privately run operation, there were three different concessionaires for different parts of the SPTrans, ex-CMTC trolleybus network.[4] The SPTrans network was much larger at that time.

The SPTrans system comprises 13 lines (two of them currently suspended) and is operated with 199 trolleybuses by a concessionaire, Ambiental Transportes Urbanos. SPTrans owns and maintains the infrastructure, such as overhead wires, substations, passenger terminals and depots/garages. Ambiental is responsible for purchasing new vehicles, but ownership of vehicles passes to SPTrans eight years from time of purchase. Ambiental was awarded the concession to operate the service in SPTrans Zone 4 (also known as the Eastern Zone), both trolleybus and motorbus, in 2011, after the purchase of Himalaia Transportes.

The EMTU trolleybus system opened on 3 December 1988,[3][4] (sometimes given as 19 November 1988,[1] when free public service began operating). It currently has six lines, serving the São Mateus–Jabaquara Metropolitan Corridor, which links São Paulo with the ABC Region cities of Diadema, São Bernardo do Campo, Santo Andre and Mauá in Greater São Paulo. These lines are also operated by a concessionaire, Metra, under the supervision of EMTU. Metra was awarded the contract in 1997.[1]

SPTrans lines[edit]

Line Route
2002/10 Terminal Parque Dom Pedro II – Terminal Bandeira – Terminal Parque Dom Pedro II (circular)
2100/10 Terminal Vila Carrão – Praça da Sé – Terminal Vila Carrão (circular)
2290/10 Terminal São Mateus – Terminal Parque Dom Pedro II
3139/31 Jardim Vila Formosa – Praça Clóvis Bevilacqua – Jardim Vila Formosa (circular)
3160/10 Terminal Vila Prudente – Terminal Parque Dom Pedro II
342M/10 Terminal São Mateus – Terminal Penha
408A/10 Machado de Assis – Cardoso de Almeida – Machado de Assis (circular)
4112/10 Santa Margarida Maria – Praça da República – Santa Margarida Maria (circular)
4113/10 Gentil de Moura – Praça da República – Gentil de Moura (circular)
2101/10 Praça Sílvio Romero – Praça da Sé
2101/41 Praça Sílvio Romero – Terminal Vila Prudente

The last two of these lines are the ones currently suspended; they are presently being operated by diesel powered buses.

SPTrans current fleet[edit]

As at 2014, the SPTrans trolleybus fleet was as follows:

Fleet numbers Quantity Manufacturer
(overall and body)
Chassis
manufacturer
Electrical equipment Model No. Configuration Low-floor or
high-floor
Year built
4 1500, 4 1764 – 4 1773
11
Busscar
Busscar
WEG
Urbanuss Pluss
Conventional
LF
2007–2009
4 1501 – 4 1590, 4 1592 – 4 1600
99
CAIO Induscar LTDA.
Scania
WEG/Eletra
Millennium BRT
Three-axle rigid (15 meters)
LF
2012–2013
4 1774, 4 1776 – 4 1837,
4 1902 – 4 1917
77
CAIO Induscar LTDA.
Mercedes-Benz
WEG/Eletra
Millennium
Conventional
LF
2011–2012
4 1775
1
CAIO Induscar LTDA.
Scania
WEG/Eletra
Millennium
Three-axle rigid (15 meters)
LF
2011
4 1901
1
IBRAVA LTDA.
Tuttotrasporti
WEG
Trólebus
Conventional
LF
2009
4 1601 – 4 1610
10
CAIO Induscar LTDA.
MAN
WEG/Eletra
Millennium BRT
Conventional
LF
2013

EMTU lines[edit]

Line Route
284 Terminal São Mateus – Terminal Santo André Oeste
284M Terminal São Mateus – Shopping Metrópole
285 Terminal São Mateus – Terminal Ferrazópolis
286 Terminal Santo André Leste – Terminal Ferrazópolis
287P Terminal Santo André Leste – Terminal Piraporinha
288 Terminal Ferrazópolis – Terminal Jabaquara
288P Terminal Ferrazópolis – Terminal Piraporinha
289 Terminal Piraporinha – Terminal Jabaquara
290 Terminal Diadema – Terminal Jabaquara
487 Terminal Sônia Maria – Shopping ABC

Service on all lines is operated with a mix of trolleybuses and diesel buses.

EMTU current fleet[edit]

As at 2014, the EMTU trolleybus fleet was as follows:

Fleet numbers Quantity Manufacturer
(overall and body)
Chassis
manufacturer
Electrical equipment Model No. Configuration Low-floor or
high-floor
Year built
5500
1
CAIO Induscar Ltda.
Scania
WEG / Eletra
Millennium
Three-axle rigid (15 meters)
LF
2011
7047 – 7068
22
Marcopolo S.A.
Volvo
GEVISA / Powertronics
Torino 1983
Conventional
HF
1987–1988
7201
1
Busscar
HVR
Engesa / Eletra
Urbanuss Pluss
Conventional
LF
2001
7202 – 7221
20
Busscar
HVR
Engesa / Eletra
Urbanuss Pluss
Conventional
LF
2002–2003
7301
1
Busscar
Mercedes-Benz
Engesa / Eletra
Urbanuss Pluss
Conventional
LF
2002
7400 – 7402
3
CAIO Induscar Ltda.
Mercedes-Benz
WEG / Eletra
Millennium
Conventional
LF
2008–2010
8101 – 8110
10
Marcopolo
Volvo
Toshiba / Powertronics
Torino GV
Articulated
HF
1997
8150 – 8155
2
Busscar
Volvo
WEG / Eletra
Urbanuss Pluss
Articulated
HF
2001 as diesel bus; converted 2011–2012
8161 – 8180
20
CAIO Induscar Ltda.
Mercedes-Benz
WEG/Eletra
Millennium BRT
Articulated
LF
2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Moraes, Jorge (March–April 1999). "São Paulo in 1998". Trolleybus Magazine No. 224, pp. 32–35. National Trolleybus Association (UK). ISSN 0266-7452.
  2. ^ a b Webb, Mary (ed.) (2011). Jane's Urban Transport Systems 2011-2012, pp. "[23]" and "[24]" (in foreword). Coulsdon, Surrey (UK): Jane's Information Group. ISBN 978-0-7106-2954-8.
  3. ^ a b "Trolleybus city : São Paulo (SPT) (Brasilien)". TrolleyMotion website. TrolleyMotion. Retrieved 28 August 2011.  External link in |work= (help)
  4. ^ a b c Murray, Alan (2000). World Trolleybus Encyclopaedia, pp. 49, 81. Yateley, Hampshire, UK: Trolleybooks. ISBN 0-904235-18-1.
  5. ^ Trolleybus Magazine No. 313 (January–February 2014), pp. 16–17. National Trolleybus Association (UK).

External links[edit]

Media related to Trolleybuses in São Paulo at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 23°33′S 46°38′W / 23.550°S 46.633°W / -23.550; -46.633