Trolleybuses in Wellington

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Wellington trolleybus system
WellingtonNewTrolleybus.jpg
A new trolleybus at Wellington Railway Station.
Operation
Locale Wellington, New Zealand
First era: 1924 (1924)–1932 (1932)
Status Closed
Routes 1
Second era: 1945 (1945)–2017 (2017)
Status Preparated closure
Routes 9
Operator(s) GOWellington
Stock 60
Route length 50 km (31 mi) (maximum)
Wellington trolleybus routes.
Website GOWellington

Trolleybuses in Wellington have been part of the Wellington public transport system since 1949. They are the only trolleybuses operating commercially in Oceania and the last major system operating in a country that drives on the left.

History[edit]

Wellington's first trolleybus, an AEC 602.
Wellington "Big Red" trolley bus (BUT RETB1 type), in service 1964 to 1986

The first route operated between 1924 and 1932.[1] It used a single AEC 602, and ran from Thorndon along Hutt Road to Kaiwharawhara.

A trolleybus was chosen over an extension to the Wellington tramway system because a large watermain on the route precluded tram track construction. The service was replaced with diesel buses.

A second and more extensive network was approved in 1945, when it was decided to gradually replace trams with trolleybuses, preferred for being more manoeuvrable and "more modern", and preferred over diesel or petrol buses due to better traction on steep slopes.[1]

At its maximum extent the network stretched for around 50 kilometres[1] – in addition to current services, trolleybuses went to Oriental Bay, Northland and Wadestown,[2] and routes in the central city were more extensive.

Volvo trolleybuses (since withdrawn) at Wellington Railway Station.

The fleet peaked at 119 vehicles, including Crossley Dominion, British United Traction RETB1 (in various forms) and Volvo B10M and B58 models.

The network has been threatened with closure over the years, mainly on grounds of cost. The growing emphasis on environmentally friendly transport has however prompted campaigns to keep the trolleybuses, and in 2007 it was announced that a new generation of trolleybuses would be funded. However, in 2014 a final decision was made to phase out the use trolleybuses by 2017 (see "Closure of system" below).

The 60 new trolleybuses were built by DesignLine, in Ashburton, using some components from the previous fleet. They have a greater passenger capacity than previous trolleybuses, are low-floor and incorporate other improvements – they are expected to de-wire less frequently, and the 57 three-axle models are able to operate for short distances off-wire from batteries. The electrical equipment was provided by Eletra Industrial, from Brazil.

Delivery began in late 2007[3] and finished in 2009.[4]

Operations[edit]

The prototype low-floor DesignLine trolleybus, fleet number 301, delivered in 2003, in its original Stagecoach Group livery

Trolleybuses are an integral part of the Wellington bus service. They are owned and operated by GOWellington, part of Infratil's NZ Bus, on behalf of Metlink, the brand name of Greater Wellington Regional Council's public transport network. There are 60 trolleybuses, the current fleet having been delivered in the last few years.[4][5]

They serve the southern, western, and eastern parts of Wellington City, using overhead wires owned by Wellington Cable Car Ltd, a subsidiary of Wellington City Council.

Routes[edit]

1 Wellington Railway Station-Island Bay

2 Wellington Railway Station-Miramar

3 Karori Park-Lyall Bay

5 Wellington Railway Station-Hataitai

6 Wellington Railway Station-Lyall Bay

7 Wellington Railway Station-Kingston

9 Wellington Railway Station-Aro St

10 Wellington Railway Station-Newtown Park Zoo

11 Wellington Railway Station-Seatoun

Routes operate all day every day, except 5 and 6 (Monday-Friday peak hours only), 9 and 10 (Monday-Friday only, not evenings). There are insufficient trolleybuses to operate all journeys on these routes, and diesel buses operate daily. Some journeys on route 6 run beyond the wires to Molesworth St, and are operated by diesel buses, evening services are usually operated by diesel buses, and trolleybuses do not run at the weekend.

Route descriptions[edit]

The main city-centre corridor is along the Golden Mile from Wellington Railway Station (terminus of all routes except the 3) via Lambton Quay and Willis St (served by all routes) to Courtenay Place (served by routes 1, 2, 3, 5 and 6).

To the west, route 3 travels to Karori Park via Glenmore Street and the Karori Tunnel, connecting into the Golden Mile south of the Railway Station.

To the south-west, routes 7 and 9 run along Willis St (northbound), Victoria St (southbound) before splitting – the 7 climbs the hill southwards to Brooklyn, Mornington and Kingston, the 9 runs west up the Aro Valley.

To the south, four routes run to Newtown (1 and 3 via the Basin Reserve, 10 and 11 via Taranaki St), with the 1 continuing south to Island Bay, the 10 terminating at Wellington Zoo, and the 3 and 11 turning east to Kilbirnie, where they meet routes 2 and 6 via the bus tunnel and Hataitai (where route 5 has a large terminal loop). From Kilbirnie, routes 2 and 11 east to Hobart St, where the 2 heads north to Miramar, and the 11 continues east to Seatoun; routes 3 and 6 run south to Lyall Bay.

Route closure plans[edit]

The provisional plans detailed in this section have been overtaken by a decision to close the entire Wellington trolleybus system by 2017. See "Closure of system" below.

Following a review of Wellington City bus services, Greater Wellington Regional Council revealed in February 2012 that it was proposing to close the Seatoun, Aro Street and Hataitai routes, and reduce the Lyall Bay route to peak hours only, on account of planned route changes not matching the existing trolley bus overhead wire network.[6]

Following public consultation on the proposed new network, there was a public outcry over the removal of large amounts of Wellington's trolleybus network – mainly the Seatoun route, which would leave Taranaki Street and from Hobart Street to Seatoun with unused trolleybus wire. An amended network map was posted on Greater Wellington Regional Council's website[7] which appeared to designate the following routes to be operated by trolleybuses:

  • Wellington Station – Miramar via Hataitai (same as today's Route 2)
  • Karori Park – Island Bay via Basin Reserve and Hospital (same as western half of today's Route 3 and most of today's Route 1)
  • Wellington Station – Lyall Bay via Taranaki Street, Hospital and Kilbirnie (a major diversion of the Newtown-City portion of the present Route 3 which operates via the Basin Reserve)
  • Wellington Station – Kingston via Brooklyn (same as today's Route 7)
  • Wellington Station – Seatoun via Hataitai (a major diversion of the Kilbirne-City section of today's Route 11 which runs via Newtown and Taranaki Street)

The network map removes trolleybuses from the following streets:

  • Riddiford Street at Constable Street – Wellington Zoo (used by today's Route 10, approx 900m in length)
  • Hataitai Road and Waipapa Road (used by today's Route 5, approx 2.1 km in length)
  • Aro Street (used by today's Route 9, approx 900m in length)

The wires will likely remain erected in these areas but be unused, similar to those currently on parts of Jervois Quay, Wakefield Street and Featherston Street.

It appears from the map that a route equivalent to today's Route 6 (Wellington Station – Lyall Bay via Hataitai) will not exist in the new network.

Closure of system[edit]

Subsequent to the route closure recommendations detailed above, the Greater Wellington Regional Council recommended closure of the entire 50 km Wellington trolleybus system.[8] Public consultations on the proposal were followed by a final decision to close the entire system by 2017. The published reasons included cost of infrastructure maintenance and upgrading, inflexibility of a wire linked network, plus slower speeds and less reliability than diesel buses. The present intention is to replace both the sixty remaining trolley buses and a number of older diesel vehicles with hybrid diesel-electric vehicles.[9]

Proposed re-powering[edit]

In April 2016, NZ Bus announced that it would repower several buses including all of its trolleybuses with Wrightspeed gas-turbine hybrid powertrains.[10]

System closure opposition[edit]

Not everyone is however happy with the decision to close the existing trolleybus system. The "old and decrepit" statement made by Chris Laidlaw has been many times challenged and is in conflict with the existing modern trolleybus networks in the world.[11][12] Michael Flinn, a former deputy general manager of Wellington City Transport said: "GWRC’s decision to cease trolleybus operation in 2017 was made on inaccurate and incomplete information and should be reversed. Trolleybus operation should be continued to provide an affordable low pollution service until acceptable battery electric buses are available – possibly around 2020." [13]

Several observations from other cities against the removal of the trolleybuses from Wellington were presented to the council, including a negative experience with battery powered buses from Shanghai and on the other had positive experience using hybrid trolleybuses with batteries that allows them to charge while running under the wires and cover the city area not equipped with the overhead wires with zero-emissions.[14] According to the analysis it is also apparent that the decision to close the system is also financially unwise. The cost of maintaining the service ($15million) is much lower than the cost of scrapping the wires ($34million).[15] Despite the presented facts however only 3 councillors supported the continuation of the existing trolleybus network in Wellington on 15 December 2015.[13]

In addition, the proposed re-powering of some of the trolleybuses may be an improvement over the polluting diesel buses but is in no way an ecological improvement over the existing trolleybus system.[13][11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c The Wellington Trolleybus Page – History
  2. ^ Trolleybuses of Australasia – Wellington – Routes
  3. ^ Greater Wellington – Wellington to get 61 new trolley buses
  4. ^ a b Media Release: Last new-generation trolley bus hits the road, NZ Bus, 2 September 2009
  5. ^ $45m deal to rebuild Wellington's trolley buses, Dominion Post, 11 May 2007
  6. ^ "Bus changes raise fears in suburbs". The Dominion Post (via Stuff.co.nz). 11 February 2012. Retrieved 19 February 2012. 
  7. ^ "Wellington City Bus Review". Greater Wellington Regional Council. Retrieved 25 August 2012. 
  8. ^ Radio New Zealand News 15 March 2014
  9. ^ page A4 The Dominion Post, 1 July 2014
  10. ^ New Zealand Adopts Wrightspeed Jet And Battery Power For Buses, Forbes 2016-04-22, viewed 2016-05-22
  11. ^ a b "Trolleys are part of the solution". Sustainable Wellington Transport. 28 April 2016. Retrieved 2017-02-10. 
  12. ^ Motaş A.Ş (30 October 2015), TROLLEYBUS(TRAMBÜS) MALATYA VIDEO (ENGLISH), retrieved 2017-02-11 
  13. ^ a b c "Wellington.scoop.co.nz " Another expert tells why we should be keeping our trolley buses". wellington.scoop.co.nz. Retrieved 2017-02-10. 
  14. ^ "Wellington.scoop.co.nz " Regional councillors vote against extending use of city's trolley buses". wellington.scoop.co.nz. Retrieved 2017-02-10. 
  15. ^ "Wellington.scoop.co.nz " The vanishing trolley buses: cheaper to keep them than scrap them". wellington.scoop.co.nz. Retrieved 2017-02-10. 

Further reading[edit]

  • McNicol, Steve (1989). New Zealand Trolleybus Selections. Elizabeth, SA: Railmac Publications. ISBN 0-949817-68-6. 

External links[edit]