Trollstigen

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Trollstigen after modifications in 2005
Trollstigen viewing platform

Trollstigen (English: The Trolls' Path[1]) is a serpentine mountain road and pass in Rauma Municipality, Møre og Romsdal county, Norway.

It is part of Norwegian County Road 63 that connects the town of Åndalsnes in Rauma and the village of Valldal in Norddal Municipality. It is a popular tourist attraction due to its steep incline of 10% and eleven hairpin bends up a steep mountainside. During the top tourist season, about 2,500 vehicles pass daily.[2][3] During the 2012 season, 161,421 vehicles traversed the route, compared to 155,230 vehicles during 2009.[4]

The road is narrow with many sharp bends, and although several bends were widened during 2005 to 2012,[5] vehicles over 12.4 metres (41 ft) long are prohibited from driving the road. During the 2011 and 2012 seasons, buses up to 13.1 metres (43 ft) were temporarily allowed as a trial.[6][7] At the 700-metre (2,300 ft) plateau there is a car park and several viewing balconies overlooking the bends and the Stigfossen waterfall. Stigfossen falls 320 metres (1,050 ft) down the mountainside. The pass has an elevation of approximately 850 metres (2,790 ft).

Trollstigen is closed during late autumn and winter. A normal operating season stretches from mid-May to October, but may sometimes be shorter or longer due to weather conditions.

History[edit]

Visitor centre opened in 2012

Trollstigen was opened on 31 July 1936, by King Haakon VII after eight years of construction.

A major tourist facility including a restaurant was completed in 2012. Several viewing platforms have been constructed and older constructions improved upon. Trollstigen (along with County Road 63) was officially opened as a national tourist route by the Minister of Transport and Communications on 16 June 2012.[8] Trollstigen itself (and the alpine summits to the west) lies within the Trollstigen landscape protection area,[9] while the alpine area east of Trollstigen, including the Trolltindene range, is part of Reinheimen National Park.[10]

In the summer of 2005, the road was repaired and about 16 million kr was spent on protection against rockfall, making the road safer to drive on.

Opening and closing dates[edit]

Trollstigen visitor center in April, when the road is still closed during winter
År Open Closed Comment
1994 20 May 27 September[11]
1995 25 Mai[12]
1996 24 May
1997 6 June 24 September[13]
1998 15 May 15 October[14] closed because of snow
1999 14 May 10 September[15] temporarily closed 9 August because of landslide,[16] early winter closing because of construction work.
2000 26 May[17] 20 August early closed because of construction work[18]
2001 21 May 21 August early closed because of construction work[19]
2002 23 May 16 September Early closing because of maintenance work.[20]
2003 28 May 15 August closed early because of landslide and flooding[21][22]
2004 29 May
2005 1 June 15 November latest closing since 1992
2006 3 May
2007 23 May 17 October[23]
2008 27 May 4 November[24]
2009 20 May 23 October[25] closed because of avalanche
2010 28 May 4 November[26]
2011 13 May[27] 24 November[28]
2012 1 June[29] 5 November[30]
2013 22 May[31] 13 November[32]
2014 8 May[33] 1 December[34][35][36] 8 December[37] temporarily closed 23 November[38]
2015 13 May[39] 24 November[40] 23 November[41]
2016 25 May[42] 3 November[43] Closed because of snow
2017 24 May[44] 13 November[45] 8 November[46]
2018 11 May[47] 26 October[48], open again 16 November[49] closed for the winter 26 October, open again 16 November because of warm weather[49] Closed 2 December because of storm.[50]
2019 16 May[51]

See also[edit]

Stigfossen waterfall has a total fall of about 240 meters

References[edit]

  1. ^ Aasen, Ivar (1850): Ordbog over det norske Folkesprog. Kristiania: Carl C. Werner
  2. ^ Sunnmørsposten 26 July 2012 p. 12.
  3. ^ NRK news (accessed 21 September 2012)
  4. ^ Adresseavisen, 10 November 2012.
  5. ^ Statens vegvesen
  6. ^ NRK news May 28, 2011 (accessed 23 September 2012)
  7. ^ Statens vegvesen Archived 2015-04-02 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ NRK (national broadcasting news)
  9. ^ "Landskapsvernområde" is the lowest level legal protection of landscape http://www.lovdata.no/for/lf/mv/mv-20061124-1305.html
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-14. Retrieved 2012-09-21. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ Sunnmørsposten, 20 May 1995
  12. ^ Sunnmøringen 24 May 1995
  13. ^ NTB 15 October 1998
  14. ^ NTB 15 October 1998
  15. ^ Aftenposten, 11 September 1999, page 17.
  16. ^ "Trollstigen stenges grunnet rasfare". www.dt.no (in Norwegian). 1999-07-13. Retrieved 2019-08-24.
  17. ^ Trollstigen åpner fredag. Adresseavisen, 25 May 2000, page 4.
  18. ^ Bergens Tidende, Monument i Trollstigen, 13 August 2000, page 3
  19. ^ Ubåtnett sikrer turistene. VG, 30 Juni 2011, p. 47
  20. ^ Trollstigen stenges. Adresseavisen, 30 August 2002, p. 2.
  21. ^ Adresseavisen, 21.august 2003
  22. ^ VG, 15. august 2003
  23. ^ Romsdals Budstikke, 3.11.2007
  24. ^ Åndalsnes Avis, 17. november 2011, s.4.
  25. ^ Aftenposten 24.oktober 2009, ikke oppgitt at den ble åpnet igjen den sesongen.
  26. ^ Åndalsnes Avis, 17 November 2011, page 4.
  27. ^ Åndalsnes Avis, 14. mai 2011, s. 5.
  28. ^ Åndalsnes Avis, 26 November 2011, s. 10 ("stengt inntil videre" - "closed until further notice").
  29. ^ Adresseavisen, 10 November 2012.
  30. ^ Adresseavisen, 10 November 2012.
  31. ^ Romsdals Budstikke på nett accessed 24 May 2013.
  32. ^ Åndalsnes Avis, Stengt for i år, 14 November 2013.
  33. ^ Åndalsnes Avis Rekordtidleg opning, 6 May 2014, read 5 May 2018.
  34. ^ Kavli, Evy (2014-11-23). "Trollstigen stenger klokken 16.00 i dag". andalsnes-avis.no (in Norwegian Bokmål). Retrieved 2019-08-24.
  35. ^ Trafikkmeldinger, Statens vegvesen, read 3 December 2014.
  36. ^ http://www.vegvesen.no/ Trafikkmeldinger, read 13 December 2014, closed no later than 8 December
  37. ^ Siem, Stein (2018-11-30). "Nærmer seg rekorden". andalsnes-avis.no (in Norwegian Bokmål). Retrieved 2019-08-24.
  38. ^ Kavli, Evy (2014-11-23). "Trollstigen stenger klokken 16.00 i dag". andalsnes-avis.no (in Norwegian Bokmål). Retrieved 2019-08-24.
  39. ^ Troll­sti­gen åpner for sesongen, 13 May 2015
  40. ^ "Nå er det vinterstengt" Åndalsnes avis, 28 November 2015, page 3.
  41. ^ Siem, Stein (2018-11-30). "Nærmer seg rekorden". andalsnes-avis.no (in Norwegian Bokmål). Retrieved 2019-08-25.
  42. ^ "Spektakulær vei åpnet igjen onsdag". www.tk.no (in Norwegian). 2016-05-25. Retrieved 2019-08-25.
  43. ^ Brunvoll, Øyvind (2016-11-04). "Vinteren stengte Trollstigen". rbnett.no (in Norwegian Bokmål). Retrieved 2019-08-24.
  44. ^ Valgermo, Lise Kristin (2017-05-24). "Nå kan sommeren endelig komme til Trollstigen". NRK (in Norwegian Bokmål). Retrieved 2019-08-24.
  45. ^ Bjerkeland, Øystein (2017-11-13). "Nå er Trollstigen stengt for vinteren". rbnett.no (in Norwegian Bokmål). Retrieved 2019-08-25.
  46. ^ Siem, Stein (2018-11-30). "Nærmer seg rekorden". andalsnes-avis.no (in Norwegian Bokmål). Retrieved 2019-08-24.
  47. ^ Brunvoll, Øyvind (2018-05-11). "I dag åpnet Trollstigen!". rbnett.no (in Norwegian Bokmål). Retrieved 2019-08-24.
  48. ^ Vågnes, Stig (2018-10-26). "Trollstigen vinterstengt – Geiranger åpent". smp.no (in Norwegian Nynorsk). Retrieved 2019-08-26.
  49. ^ a b NRK (2018-11-16). "Opnar Trollstigen for trafikk". NRK (in Norwegian Nynorsk). Retrieved 2019-08-24.
  50. ^ Vingen, Anita (2018-12-02). "Stenger Trollstigen". rbnett.no (in Norwegian Bokmål). Retrieved 2019-08-24.
  51. ^ Lillebakk, Knut Dørum (2019-05-15). "Trollstigen åpner for sesongen". rbnett.no (in Norwegian Bokmål). Retrieved 2019-08-25.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 62°28′N 7°40′E / 62.467°N 7.667°E / 62.467; 7.667